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The gaits of 19 species of Macropodinae were studied from 360 m of movie film taken in zoos. Four gaits were identified: (1) the slow progression involving all the limbs plus the tail which was similar in all the species and used mainly while grazing; (2) the walk, the only gait in which the pairs of limbs were not used synchronously and confined to the sole arboreal species of Dendrolagus; (3) the quadrupedal bound involving the use of the hindfeet and then the forefeet in sequence and believed to be a primitive gait because it is only found in the relatively primitive species of Setonix and Dendrolagus; and (4) the bipedal hop, the fastest gait, which is often correlated with the habitat of a species. The probable phylogeny of the Macropodinae is presented, based on gaits and other available taxonomic criteria.