Blood protozoa of insectivores, bats and primates in Central Africa*


  • *

    Most of this publication is based on work presented in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Doctor of Philosophy Degree in Zoology at the University of London.

  • The Zoological Society of London, Regent's Park, London, N.W.I.


A survey was made of blood protozoa of wild mammals in Central Africa and the parasites from Insectivora, Chiroptera and Primates are described.

Trypanosoma petrodromi was rediscovered in Petrodromus tetradactylus and redescribed. A similar trypanosome found in Elephantulus brachyrhynchus is considered to be a new subspecies, Trypanosoma petrodromi chitali. This elephant-shrew was also infected with “Plasmodium” [gen. indet.] brodeni and probably represents a new host record. Rhynchocyon cirnei also appears to be a new host record for Sarcocystis sp. An unidentified trypanosome was found in a Crocidura sp. of shrew.

A Hepatocystis sp. (probably H. epomophori) was found in Epomophorus labiatus and a Nycteria sp. (probably N. medusiformis) in Nycteris thebaica. So called “broad trypano-somes” were found in four species of insectivorous bats and Trypanosoma vespertilionis in Hipposideros caffer.

Trypanosoma perodictici was found in Galago crassicaudatus; Hepatocystis kochi in Cerco-pithecus aethiops and a Hepatocystis in Papio ? cynocephalus.

No parasites were found in the insectivores, Crocidura luna and C. flavescens or in the bats, Tadarida (Mops) condylura and T. (Chaerephori) pumila.

There was no evidence that any of the parasites were pathogenic.