Ecological studies on crater lakes in West Cameroon. Debundsha Lake
Article first published online: 20 AUG 2009
Journal of Zoology
Volume 173, Issue 2, pages 199–223, June 1974
How to Cite
Green, J., A. Corbet, S. and Betney, E. (1974), Ecological studies on crater lakes in West Cameroon. Debundsha Lake. Journal of Zoology, 173: 199–223. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1974.tb03126.x
- Issue published online: 20 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 20 AUG 2009
- Accepted 13 November 1973
Cape Debundsha receives 10 m (400 inches) of rain per year, and the water of the small crater lake on the cape has one of the lowest conductivities in Africa (11–13 µmho/cm/20 C). The lake has a maximum depth of 13·5 m. At the time of our visit in April 1972 the lake was stratified with a depletion of oxygen in the hypolimnion. The phytoplankton was dominated by Botryococcus, and the zooplankton was dominated by the ostracod Oncocypris debundshae. Both these organisms are closely associated with the surface film. Other zooplankters included Thermocyclops hyalitws, and in deeper water during the daytime the larvae of Chaoborus ceratopogones.
The fauna of the lake includes 12 species of testacean rhizopods, six species of rotifers, two oligochaetes, one snail, seven crustaceans, 15 insects and three acarines. Of the last group two species were new to science and one had been found only once previously. The ectoproct polyzoan, Lophopodella carteri, is recorded for the first time from West Africa, and the second time from Africa. The general impression of the fauna is one of sparseness, with an unusually high proportion of larval Odonata.