Surface structures and sense organs of the cypris larva of Balanus balanoides as seen by scanning and transmission electron microscopy.



Various features of the settlement stage larva (cyprid) of the barnacle, Balanus balanoides(L.), were studied using scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The cuticle of the valves is pitted and in section has a characteristic ultrastructure. Small sensory setae protrode from the surface of this cuticle and are probably mechanoreceptors able to sense water movement around the larva. Each of the pair of caudla appendages which protrude from between the larval valves posteriorly, is made up of several sensory setae. These appendages are able to sense settlement surface topography. Certain other features of the larva are alos described and their roles discussed; such features include the frontal filaments, antennules and thoracic limbs.