The skulls of Cylindrophis, Anilius, Uropeltis and other genera of Uropeltidae, Xenopeltis and Loxocemus are described and figured.
On the basis of cranial characters, a separation of the Aniliidae into two subfamilies, the Aniliinaeand theCylindrophinaeis suggested. The Uropeltidae, separated from the Aniliidae by a set of derived characters, are grouped together with the Aniliidae as the superfamily Anilioidea. The skulls of Xenopeltis and Loxocemus are described and the systematic position of the genera discussed. General remarks as to the bearing of the skull on the reconstruction of henophidian phylogeny conclude the study.