Females of the anglerfish genus Linophryne bear barbels containing luminous organs, in addition to an escal light organ. Luminescence has been observed from the barbels of four species of Linophryne, and the morphology of the luminous organs investigated. The barbel light organs do not contain bacteria but complex paracrystalline photogenic granules. The esca contains luminous bacteria. The esca is ectodermal in origin whereas the barbel organs may be derived from the mesoderm.
The possible significance of this unique dual system of luminous organs is discussed.