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The body masses of various moas have been estimated, measurements have been made of their leg bones and allometric equations have been calculated. Corresponding equations have been calculated for various groups of living birds, using new data and data from the literature. The two families of moas are compared with each other, with modern ratites and with flying birds. Shortening of the tarsometatarsus in moas and narrowing of the pelvis in other ratites are interpreted as adaptations concerned with balancing the bird on its feet. following reduction of the wings.