The early development of the quail (Coturnix c. japonica) furcula reconsidered
Article first published online: 20 AUG 2009
1985 The Zoological Society of London
Journal of Zoology
Volume 206, Issue 1, pages 69–81, May 1985
How to Cite
Russell, A. P. and Joffe, D. J. (1985), The early development of the quail (Coturnix c. japonica) furcula reconsidered. Journal of Zoology, 206: 69–81. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1985.tb05637.x
- Issue published online: 20 AUG 2009
- Article first published online: 20 AUG 2009
- 10 April 1984
Although the avian furcula is generally regarded as a dermal bone, this view was challenged by Lansdown (1968a), who postulated that it is a cartilage bone. His reinterpretation was predicated upon histochemical data, derived from embryological observations made on the Japanese quail, and is deserving of further investigation as it bears importantly upon the interpretation of the homology of the furcula, and upon aspects of avian phylogeny and the origin of the flight apparatus.
Employing the same investigative methods as Lansdown (1968a), together with additional techniques, his interpretations have been reconsidered and no support for his suggestions has been found. The furcula of the quail, instead, has the early developmental characteristics of a typical dermal bone and conforms with the developmental details seen in the chicken.