Mechanical properties of various mammalian tendons



Dynamic tensile tests have been performed, using physiologically relevant frequencies and stress ranges, on various tendons from the legs and tails of 10 species of mammal. No consistent differences were found between tendons from different species or different anatomical sites. Tangent Young's modulus increases from low values at low stresses to about 1·5 GPa at stresses exceeding 30 MPa. Percentage energy dissipations of 6 to 11% have been measured for different species, but the lower values are probably the most reliable. There is little or no dependence of modulus or energy dissipation on frequency, in the range 0·2–11 Hz. The tensile strength of tendon (at strain rates of the order of 0·05 s−1) is at least 100 MPa.