Age assessment in infant crab-eating monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) based on tooth development
Article first published online: 14 MAY 2009
Journal of Zoology
Volume 235, Issue 2, pages 247–252, February 1995
How to Cite
Ostyn, J. M., Maltha, J. C. and van der Linden, F. P. G. M. (1995), Age assessment in infant crab-eating monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) based on tooth development. Journal of Zoology, 235: 247–252. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.1995.tb05141.x
- Issue published online: 14 MAY 2009
- Article first published online: 14 MAY 2009
- Accepted 10 January 1994
Tooth development was studied in 13 Macaca fascicularis monkeys with known dates of birth. Regular intra-oral examination was carried out and standardized lateral radiographs were collected from 27 until 150 weeks of age under general anaesthesia.
Three stages of tooth development were determined radiographically: onset of crypt formation, onset of mineralization, and crown completion. A fourth stage, the emergence, was determined clinically. Developmental stages were recorded for six mandibular and five maxillary teeth.
The ages of emergence of the permanent teeth and the developmental stages of the third molars showed the largest variation. A significant sex difference with earlier maturation in males was found for the start of crypt formation of the maxillary permanent canines and the maxillary second premolars, and for the start of mineralization of the maxillary permanent canines.
The data provide a tool by which chronological age can be assessed of Macaca fascicularis monkeys between 30 and 80 weeks of age. Owing to an interphase of about one year without significant developmental features in the dentition, age assessment based on tooth development cannot be performed from about 80 to 130 weeks of age. Age assessments are possible for the period between 130 and 150 weeks of age. However, in this period the reliability of the data is lower due to larger time intervals and standard deviations.