Relationship between field metabolic rate and body weight in mammals: effect of the study

Authors


  • Editor: Andrew Kitchener

Correspondence
Alexander Riek, Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Göttingen, Albrecht-Thaer-Weg 3, 37075 Göttingen, Germany. Tel: 49 551 395610; Fax: 49 551 395587
Email: ariek@gwdg.de

Abstract

Field metabolic rate (FMR) is a measure of daily energy expenditure under field conditions. Results of various studies on FMR have been used to calculate allometric equations that can predict FMR from body weight. One of the problems in calculating these regression equations lies in the treatment of the available FMR and body weight data. However, with the tool of mixed model analysis, it is possible to account for the effect of the study as a random effect in this kind of meta-analysis. The present study is the first that has included the study as a random effect in an FMR meta-analysis. Prediction equations were derived, allowing the estimation of FMR based on body weight. Including all available single animal data on FMR and body mass in a mixed model analysis with the study as a random effect yielded the equation: FMR in kJ day−1=6.68 ± 1.21 (body weight in g)0.67 ± 0.03 (P<0.001) that had a mean error rate of 21.5% (sd 29.0%, minimum 0, maximum 236%) and a coefficient of variation of 98%. This was c. 2.7 times more precise than not including the study effect (mean error rate 58.4%). Thus, the present investigation showed that including the effect of the study in FMR meta-analysis changes not only the predictive values of the equation but also the exponent (slope).

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