SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abitbol, J., Abitbol, P. & Abitbol, B. (1999). Sex hormones and the female voice. J. Voice 13, 424446.
  • Andersson, M. (1994). Sexual selection. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Apicella, C.L. & Feinberg, D.R. (2009). Voice pitch alters mate-choice-relevant perception in hunter-gatherers. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. Ser. B. 276, 10771082.
  • Apicella, C.L., Feinberg, D.R. & Marlowe, F.W. (2007). Voice pitch predicts reproductive success in male hunter-gatherers. Biol. Lett. 3, 682684.
  • Aubergé, V. & Cathiard, M. (2003). Can we hear the prosody of smile? Speech Comm. 40, 8797.
  • August, P. & Anderson, J. (1987). Mammal sounds and motivation-structural rules: a test of the hypothesis. Am. Soc. Mammal. 68, 19.
  • Bachorowski, J. & Owren, M.J. (2008). Vocal expressions of emotion. In Handbook of emotions, 3rd edn: 196210. Lewis, M., Haviland-Jones, J.M. & Feldman, L. (Eds). New York: Guildford Press.
  • Banse, R. & Scherer, K.R. (1996). Acoustic profiles in vocal emotion expression. J. Pers. Soc. Psychol. 70, 614636.
  • Baru, A. (1975). Discrimination of synthesised vowels [a] and [i] with varying parameters (fundamental frequency, intensity, duration and number of formants) in dogs. In Auditory analyses and perception of speech: 91101. Fant, G. & Tatham, M.A.A. (Eds). New York: Academic Press.
  • Bastian, A. & Schmidt, S. (2008). Affect cues in vocalizations of the bat, Megaderma lyra, during agonistic interactions. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 124, 598608.
  • Beckers, G., Nelson, B. & Suthers, R. (2004). Vocal-tract filtering by lingual articulation in a parrot. Curr. Biol. 14, 15921597.
  • Beckers, G., Suthers, R. & ten Cate, C. (2003). Pure-tone birdsong by resonance filtering of harmonic overtones. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100, 73727376.
  • van den Berg, J., Zantema, J. & Doornenbal, P. (1957). On the air resistance and the Bernouilli effect of the human larynx. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 29, 626631.
  • Blumstein, D. & Armitage, K.B. (1997). Alarm calling in yellow-bellied marmots: I. The meaning of situationally variable alarm calls. Anim. Behav. 53, 143171.
  • Boersma, P. (1993). Accurate short-term analysis of the fundamental frequency and the harmonics-to-noise ratio in a sampled sound. Proc. Inst. Phon. Sci. Univ. Amsterdam 17, 97110.
  • Bradbury, J.V. & Vehrencamp, S.L. (1998). Principles of animal communication. Sunderland: Sinauer.
  • Bruckert, L., Liénard, J., Lacroix, A., Kreutzer, M. & Leboucher, G. (2006). Women use voice parameters to assess men's characteristics. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. Ser. B 273, 8389.
  • Burdick, C.K. & Miller, J.D. (1975). Speech perception by the chinchilla: discrimination of sustained /a/ and /i/. J. Acoust. Sci. Am. 58, 415427.
  • Caruso, S., Roccasalva, L., Sapienza, G., Zappala, M., Nuciforo, G. & Biondi, S. (2000). Laryngeal cytological aspects in women with surgically induced menopause who were treated with transdermal estrogen replacement therapy. Fertil. Steril. 74, 10731079.
  • Chan, R.W. & Titze, I.R. (2006). Dependence of phonation threshold pressure on vocal tract acoustics and vocal fold tissue mechanics. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 119, 23512362.
  • Charlton, B.D. (2008). Female mate choice in nonhuman animals. In Animal behaviour: new research: 3556. Weber, E.A. & Krause, L.H. (Eds). New York: Nova Science Publishers Inc.
  • Charlton, B.D., Zhang, Z. & Snyder, R.J. (2009). The information content of giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) bleats: acoustic cues to sex, age and size. Anim. Behav. 78, 893898.
  • Charlton, B.D., McComb, K. & Reby, D. (2008a). Free-ranging red deer hinds show greater attentiveness to roars with formant frequencies typical of young males. Ethology 114, 10231031.
  • Charlton, B.D., Reby, D. & McComb, K. (2007a). Female perception of size-related formant shifts in red deer, Cervus elaphus. Anim. Behav. 74, 707714.
  • Charlton, B.D., Reby, D. & McComb, K. (2007b). Female red deer prefer the roars of larger males. Biol. Lett. 3, 382385.
  • Charlton, B.D., Reby, D. & McComb, K. (2008b). Effect of combined source (F0) and filter (formant) variation on red deer hind responses to male roars. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 123, 29362943.
  • Charrier, I., Mathevon, N. & Jouventin, P. (2002). How does a fur seal mother recognize the voice of her pup? An experimental study of Arctocephalus tropicalis. J. Axp. Biol. 205, 603612.
  • Charrier, I., Mathevon, N. & Jouventin, P. (2003a). Fur seal mothers memorize subsequent versions of developing pups' calls: adaptation to long-term recognition or evolutionary by-product? Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 80, 305312.
  • Charrier, I., Mathevon, N. & Jouventin, P. (2003b). Vocal signature recognition of mothers by fur seal pups. Anim. Behav. 65, 543550.
  • Cheney, D.L. & Seyfarth, R.M. (1985). Vervet monkey alarm calls: manipulation through shared information? Behaviour 94, 739751.
  • Chuenwattanapranithi, S., Xu, Y., Thipakorn, B. & Maneewongvatana, S. (2008). Encoding emotions in speech with the size code A perceptual investigation. Phonetica 65, 210230.
  • Clutton-Brock, T. & Albon, S. (1979). The roaring of red deer and the evolution of honest advertising. Behaviour 69, 145170.
  • Cohen, J. & Fox, M. (1976). Vocalizations in wild canids and possible effects of domestication. Behav. Process 1, 7792.
  • Collins, S. (2000). Men's voices and woman's choices. Anim. Behav. 60, 773780.
  • Drahota, A., Costall, A. & Reddy, V. (2008). The vocal communication off different kinds of smile. Speech Comm. 50, 278287.
  • Düpjan, S., Schön, P., Puppe, B., Tuchscherer, A. & Manteuffel, G. (2008). Differential vocal responses to physical and mental stressors in domestic pigs (Sus scrofa). Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 114, 105115.
  • Elemans, C., Zaccarelli, R. & Herzel, H. (2008). Biomechanics and control of vocalizations in a non-songbird. J. Roy. Soc. Interface 5, 691703.
  • Evans, C.S. (1997). Referential signals. Perspect. Ethol. 12, 99143.
  • Evans, S., Neave, N., Wakelin, D. & Hamilton, C. (2008). The relationship between testosterone and vocal frequencies in human males. Physiol. Behav. 93, 783788.
  • Fant, G. (1960). Acoustic theory of speech production. The Hague: Mouton.
  • Feighny, J., Williamson, K. & Clarke, J. (2006). North American elk bugle vocalizations: male and female bugle call structure and context. J. Mammal. 87, 10721077.
  • Fink, B. (1975). The human larynx: a functional study. New York: Raven Press.
  • Fischer, J., Hammerschmidt, K., Cheney, D. & Seyfarth, R. (2001). Acoustic features of female chacma baboon barks. Ethology 107, 2254.
  • Fischer, J., Hammerschmidt, K., Cheney, D. & Seyfarth, R. (2002). Acoustic features of male baboon loud calls: influences of context, age and individuality. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 111, 14651474.
  • Fischer, J., Kitchen, D., Seyfarth, R. & Cheney, D. (2004). Baboon loud calls advertise male quality: acoustic features and relation to rank, age, and exhaustion. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 56, 140148.
  • Fisher, D.O., Blomberg, S.P. & Owens, I.P.F. (2002). Convergent maternal care strategies in ungulates and macropods. Evolution 56, 167176.
  • Fitch, W.T. (1994). Vocal tract length perception and the evolution of language. PhD thesis, Brown University.
  • Fitch, W.T. (1997). Vocal tract length and formant frequency dispersion correlate with body size in rhesus macaques. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 102, 12131222.
  • Fitch, W.T. (1999). Acoustic exaggeration of size in birds via tracheal elongation: comparative and theoretical analyses. J. Zool. (Lond.) 248, 3148.
  • Fitch, W.T. (2000a). The evolution of speech: a comparative review. Trends Cog. Sci. 4, 258267.
  • Fitch, W.T. (2000b). The phonetic potential of nonhuman vocal tracts: comparative cineradiographic observations of vocalizing animals. Phonetica 57, 205218.
  • Fitch, W.T. (2000c). Skull dimensions in relation to body size in nonhuman primates: the causal bases for acoustic allometry. Zoology 103, 4058.
  • Fitch, W.T. (2002). Comparative vocal production and the evolution of speech: reinterpreting the descent of the larynx. In The transition to language. Wray, A. (Ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Fitch, W.T. (2006). Production of vocalizations in mammals. In Encyclopedia of language and linguistics: 115121. Brown, K. (Ed.). Oxford: Elsevier.
  • Fitch, W.T. & Fritz, J. (2006). Rhesus macaques spontaneously perceive formants in conspecific vocalizations. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 120, 21322141.
  • Fitch, W.T. & Giedd, J. (1999). Morphology and development of the human vocal tract: a study using magnetic resonance imaging. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 106, 15111522.
  • Fitch, W.T. & Hauser, M. (2002). Unpacking “honesty”: vertebrate vocal production and the evolution of acoustic signals. In Acoustic communication: 65137. Simmons, A.M., Fay, R.R. & Popper, A.N. (Eds). New York: Springer.
  • Fitch, W.T. & Kelley, J. (2000). Perception of vocal tract resonances by whooping cranes Grus americana. Ethology 106, 559574.
  • Fitch, W.T., Neubauer, J. & Herzel, H. (2002). Calls out of chaos: the adaptive significance of nonlinear phenomena in mammalian vocal production. Anim. Behav. 63, 407418.
  • Fitch, W.T. & Reby, D. (2001). The descended larynx is not uniquely human. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. Ser. B 268, 16691675.
  • Fletcher, N., Riede, T., Beckers, G. & Suthers, R. (2004). Vocal tract filtering and the “coo” of doves. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 116, 37503756.
  • Fox, M. (1970). A comparative study of the development of facial expressions in canids: wolf, coyote and foxes. Behaviour 35, 4973.
  • Frey, R., Gebler, A., Olson, K.A., Odonkhuu, D., Fritsch, G., Batsaikhan, N. & Stürmer, I.W. (2008). Mobile larynx in Mongolian gazelle: retraction of the larynx during rutting barks in male Mongolian gazelle (Procapra gutturosa Pallas, 1777). J. Morphol. 269, 12231237.
  • Fung, Y. (1981). Biomechanics: mechanical properties of living tissues. New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Furrer, R.D. & Manser, M.B. (2009). The evolution of urgency-based and functionally referential alarm calls in ground-dwelling species. Am. Nat. 173, 400410.
  • Ghazanfar, A., Turesson, H., Maier, J., van Dinther, R., Patterson, R. & Logothetis, N. (2007). Vocal tract resonances as indexical cues in the rhesus monkeys. Curr. Biol. 17, 425430.
  • Gouzoules, S., Gouzoules, H. & Marler, P. (1995). Representational signaling in non-human primate vocal communication. In Current topics in primate vocal communication: 235252. Zimmerman, E., Newman, J.D. & Jurgens, U. (Eds). New York: Plenum.
  • Halliday, T.R. (1983). The study of mate choice. In Mate choice: 332. Bateson, P. (Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hardcastle, W. (1976). Physiology of speech production. New York: Academic Press.
  • Harris, T., Fitch, W., Goldstein, L. & Fashing, P. (2006). Black and white colobus monkey (Colobus guereza) roars as a source of both honest and exaggerated information about body mass. Ethology 112, 911920.
  • Hauser, M.D. (1993). The evolution of nonhuman primate vocalizations: effects of phylogeny, body weight and social context. Am. Nat. 142, 528542.
  • Hauser, M.D. (1998). Functional referents and acoustic similarity: field playback experiments with rhesus monkeys. Anim. Behav. 55, 16471658.
  • Hauser, M.D. (2000). The sound and the fury: primate vocalizations as reflections of emotion and thought. In The origins of music. Wallin, N., Merker, B. & Brown, S. (Eds). Cambridge: MIT Press.
  • Hauser, M.D., Evans, C.S. & Marler, P. (1993). The role of articulation in the production of rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta) vocalizations. Anim. Behav. 45, 423433.
  • Hienz, R.D. & Brady, J.V. (1988). The acquisition of vowel discriminations by nonhuman primates. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 84, 186194.
  • Hirano, M. (1981). Clinical examinations of voice. Vienna: Springer Verlag.
  • Holekamp, K., Boydston, E., Szykman, M., Graham, I., Nutt, K., Birch, S., Piskiel, A. & Singh, M. (1999). Vocal recognition in the spotted hyaena and its possible implications regarding the evolution of intelligence. Anim. Behav. 58, 383395.
  • Insley, S.J. (2000). Long term vocal recognition in the northern fur seal. Nature 406, 404405.
  • Insley, S J. (2001). Mother–offspring vocal recognition in northern fur seals is mutual but asymmetrical. Anim. Behav. 61, 129137.
  • Janik, V.M. (2000). Whistle matching in wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Science 289, 13551357.
  • Janik, V.M., Sayigh, L.S. & Wells, R.S. (2006). Signature whistle shape conveys identity information to bottlenose dolphins. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 82938297.
  • Koren, L. & Geffen, E. (2009). Complex call in male rock hyrax (Procavia capensis): a multi-information distributing channel. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 63, 581590.
  • Langbein, J. & Putman, R.J. (1992). Reproductive success of female fallow deer in relation to age and condition. In Biology of deer: 293299. Brown, R. (Ed.). New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Le Roux, A., Jackson, T.P. & Cherry, M.I. (2001). The effect of changing call duration and calling bouts on vigilance in Brants' whistling rat, Parotomys brantsii. Behaviour 138, 12871302.
  • Lieberman, P. (1984). The biology and evolution of language. Cambridge: Harvard Univerity Press.
  • Lieberman, P. (1975). On the origins of language: an introduction to the evolution of human speech. New York: Macmillan.
  • Lieberman, P. & Blumstein, S.E. (1988). Speech physiology, speech perception, and acoustic phonetics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Lieberman, P., Klatt, D. & Wilson, W. (1969). Vocal tract limitations on the vowel repertoires of rhesus monkeys and other nonhuman primates. Science 164, 11851187.
  • Lieberman, P. (1977). Speech physiology and acoustic phonetics. Cambridge: Cambridge Unniversity Press.
  • Macedonia, J.M. (1993). The vocal repertoire of the ringtailed lemur (Lemur catta). Folia Primatol. 61, 186217.
  • Macedonia, J.M. & Evans, C.S. (1993). Variation among mammalian alarm call systems and the problem of meaning in animal signals. Ethology 93, 177197.
  • Manser, M. (2001). The acoustic structure of suricates' alarm calls varies with predator type and the level of response urgency. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. Ser. B 268, 23152324.
  • Manser, M., Seyfarth, R. & Cheney, D. (2002). Suricate alarm calls signal predator class and urgency. Trends Cog. Sci. 6, 5557.
  • Masataka, N. (1994). Lack of correlation between body size and frequency of vocalisations in young female Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). Folia Primatol. 63, 115118.
  • Maynard Smith, L. & Harper, D. (2003). Animal signals. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • McComb, K. (1991). Female choice for high roaring rates in red deer, Cervus elaphus. Anim. Behav. 41, 7988.
  • McConnell, P. (1990). Acoustic structure and receiver response in domestic dogs, Canis familiaris. Anim. Behav. 39, 897904.
  • McConnell, P. & Baylis, J. (1985). Interspecific communication in cooperative herding: acoustic and visual signals from human shepherds and herding dogs. Z. Tierpsychol. 67, 302382.
  • McElligott, A.G., Birrer, M. & Vannoni, E. (2006). Retraction of the mobile descended larynx during groaning enables fallow deer bucks (Dama dama) to lower their formant frequencies. J. Zool. (Lond.) 270, 340345.
  • McElligott, A.G. & Hayden, T. (1999). Context-related vocalization rates of fallow bucks, Dama dama. Anim. Behav. 58, 10951104.
  • McElligott, A.G. & Hayden, T. (2001). Postcopulatory vocalisations of fallow bucks: who is listening? Behav. Ecol. 12, 4146.
  • Morton, E. (1977). On the occurrence and significance of motivation-structural rules in some birds and mammal sounds. Am. Nat. 111, 855869.
  • Muller, C. & Manser, M.B. (2008). Mutual recognition of pups and providers in the cooperatively breeding banded mongoose. Anim. Behav. 75, 16831692.
  • Newton-Fischer, N., Harris, S., White, P. & Jones, G. (1993). Structure and function of red fox Vulpes vulpes vocalizations. Bioacoustics 5, 131.
  • Ohala, J. (1984). An ethological perspective on common cross-language utilization of F0 of voice. Phonetica 41, 116.
  • Ohala, J. (1996). Ethological theory and the expression of emotion in the voice. In Proc. ICSLP 96, October 3–6, 1996. [4th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, Philadelphia], Vol. 3 pp. 18121815. Wilmington: University of Delaware. Available at http://www.linguistics.berkeley.edu/phonlab/users/ohala/papers/emotion_in_the_voice.pdf (accessed 12 June 2008).
  • Ohala, J. (2000). The irrelevance of the lowered larynx in modern Man for the development of speech. Evolution of Language – Paris, ENST (3–6 April 2000). Available at http://linguistics.berkeley.edu/phonlab/users/ohala/papers/lowered_larynx.pdf (accessed 5 February 2008).
  • Owings, D. & Morton, E. (1998). Animal vocal communication: a new approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Owren, J., Seyfarth, R. & Cheney, D. (1997). The acoustic features of vowel-like grunt calls in chacma baboons (Papio cyncephalus ursinus): implications for production processes and functions. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 101, 29512963.
  • Owren, M. (1990a). Classification of alarm calls by vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) and humans (Homo sapiens): I. Natural calls. J. Comp. Psych. 104, 2028.
  • Owren, M. (1990b). Acoustic classification of alarm calls by vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aetiops) and humans (Homo sapiens): II. Synthetic calls. J. Comp. Psych. 104, 2940.
  • Owren, M. & Bernacki, R. (1998). Applying linear predictive coding (LPC) to frequency-spectrum analysis of animal acoustic signals. In Animal acoustic communication: Sound analysis and research methods: 129161. Hopp, S.L., Owren, M.J. & Evans, C.S. (Eds). New York: Springer-Verlag.
  • Palacios, V., Font, E. & Márquez, R. (2007). Iberian wolf howls: acoustic structure, individual variation, and a comparison with north American populations. J. Mammal. 88, 606613.
  • Peters, R.H. (1986). The ecological implications of body size. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Pfefferle, D. & Fischer, J. (2006). Sounds and size: identification of acoustic variables that reflect body size in hamadryas baboons, Papio hamadryas. Anim. Behav. 72, 4351.
  • Pipitone, R.N. & Gallup, G.G. Jr (2008). Women's voice attractiveness varies across the menstrual cycle. Evol. Hum. Behav. 29, 268274.
  • Pongrácz, P., Molnár, C., Miklósi, A. & Csányi, V. (2005). Human listeners are able to classify dog (Canis familiaris) barks recorded in different situations. J. Comp. Psych. 119, 136144.
  • Puts, D.A. (2005). Mating context and menstrual phase affect women's preferences for male voice pitch. Evol. Hum. Behav. 26, 388397.
  • Puts, D.A., Gaulin, S.J.C. & Verdolini, K. (2006). Dominance and the evolution of sexual dimorphism in human voice pitch. Evol. Hum. Behav. 27, 283296.
  • Puts, D., Hodges, C., Cardenas, R. & Gaulin, S. (2007). Men's voices as dominance signals: vocal fundamental and formant frequencies influence dominance attributions among men. Evol. Hum. Behav. 28, 340344.
  • Reby, D., André-Obrecht, R., Galinier, A. & Farinas, J. (2006). Cepstral coefficients and hidden Markov models reveal idiosyncratic voice characteristics in red deer (Cervus elaphus) stags. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 120, 40804089.
  • Reby, D., Cargnelutti, B., Joachim, J. & Aulagnier, S. (1999). Spectral acoustic structure of barking in roe deer (Capreohs capeohs). Sex-, age- and individual-related variations. C. R. Acad. Sci. (Life Sci.) 322, 271279.
  • Reby, D., Hewison, M., Izquierdo, M. & Pepin, D. (2001). Red deer (Cervus elaphus) hinds discriminate between the roars of their current harem-holder stag and those of neighouring stags. Ethology 107, 951959.
  • Reby, D., Joachim, J., Lek, S., Lauga, J. & Aulagnier, S. (1998). Individuality in the groans of fallow deer (Dama dama) bucks. J. Zool.(Lond.) 245, 7984.
  • Reby, D. & McComb, K. (2003a). Anatomical constraints generate honesty: acoustic cues to age and weight in the roars of red deer stags. Anim. Behav. 65, 519530.
  • Reby, D. & McComb, K. (2003b). Vocal communication and reproduction in deer. Adv. Stud. Behav. 33, 231264.
  • Reby, D., McComb, K., Cargnelutti, B., Darwin, C., Fitch, W. & Clutton-Brock, T. (2005). Red deer stags use formants as assessment cues during intrasexual agonistic interactions. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. Ser. B 272, 941947.
  • Rendall, D. (2003a). Acoustic correlates of caller identity and affect intensity in the vowel-like grunt vocalizations of baboons. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 113, 33903402.
  • Rendall, D. (2003b). The affective basis of referential grunt variants in baboons. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 113, 33903402.
  • Rendall, D., Kollias, S., Ney, C. & Lloyd, P. (2005). Pitch (F0) and formant profiles of human vowels and vowel-like baboon grunts: the role of vocalizer body size and voice-acoustic allometry. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 117, 944955.
  • Rendall, D., Owren, M. & Rodman, P. (1998). The role of vocal tract filtering in identity cueing in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta) vocalizations. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 103, 602614.
  • Rendall, D., Rodman, P. & Emond, R. (1996). Vocal recognition of individuals and kin in free-ranging rhesus monkeys. Anim. Behav. 51, 10071015.
  • Rendall, D., Seyfarth, R., Cheney, D. & Owren, M. (1999). The meaning and function of grunt variants in baboons. Anim. Behav. 57, 583592.
  • Rendall, D., Vokey, J. & Nemeth, C. (2007). Lifting the curtain on the Wizard of Oz: biased voice-based impressions of speaker size. J. Exp. Psychol. Hum. Percept. Perform. 33, 12081219.
  • Riede, T., Arcadi, A.C. & Owren, M.J. (2007). Nonlinear acoustics in the pant hoots of common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): vocalizing at the edge. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 121, 17581767.
  • Riede, T. & Fitch, T. (1999). Vocal tract length and acoustics of vocalisation in the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). J. Exp. Biol. 202, 28592867.
  • Riede, T., Mitchell, B.R., Tokuda, I. & Owren, M.J. (2005). Characterizing noise in nonhuman vocalizations: acoustic analysis and human perception of barks by coyotes and dogs. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 118, 514522.
  • Riede, T., Owren, M.J. & Arcadi, A.C. (2004). Nonlinear acoustics in pant hoots of common chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): frequency jumps, subharmonics, biphonation, and deterministic chaos. Am. J. Primatol. 64, 277291.
  • Riede, T. & Titze, I.R. (2008). Vocal fold elasticity of the Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) – producing high fundamental frequency vocalization with a very long vocal fold. J. Exp. Biol. 211, 21442154.
  • Riede, T., Tokuda, I.T., Munger, J.B. & Thomson, S.L. (2008). Mammalian laryngeal air sacs add variability to the vocal tract impedance: physical and computational modeling. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 124, 634647.
  • Riede, T. & Zuberbühler, K. (2003). The relationship between acoustic structure and semantic information in Diana monkey alarm vocalization. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 114, 11321142.
  • Sanvito, S., Galimberti, F. & Miller, E. (2007). Vocal signalling of male southern elephant seals is honest but imprecise. Anim. Behav. 73, 287299.
  • Scherer, K.R. (1986). Vocal affect expression: a review and a model for future research. Psychol Bull. 99, 143165.
  • Schmidt-Nielsen, K. (1975). Scaling in biology: the consequences of size. J. Exp. Zool. 194, 287307.
  • Schustermann, R.J. & van Parijs, S.M. (2003). Pinniped vocal communication: an introduction. Aquat. Mamm. 29, 177180.
  • Searby, A. & Jouventin, P. (2003). Mother–lamb acoustic recognition in sheep: a frequency coding. Proc. Biol. Sci. 270, 17651771.
  • Sèbe, F., Aubin, T., Boué, A. & Poindron, P. (2008). Mother–young vocal communication and acoustic recognition promote preferential nursing in sheep. J. Exp. Biol. 211, 35543562.
  • Seyfarth, R. & Cheney, D. (2003a). Meaning and emotion in animal vocalizations. Annal. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1000, 3255.
  • Seyfarth, R. & Cheney, D. (2003b). Signalers and receivers in animal communication. Ann. Rev. Psychol. 54, 145173.
  • Seyfarth, R.M. & Cheney, D.L. (1990). The assessment by vervet monkeys of their own and another species' alarm calls. Anim. Behav. 40, 754764.
  • Seyfarth, R.M., Cheney, D.L. & Marler, P. (1980). Monkey responses to three different alarm calls: evidence of predator classification and semantic communication. Science 210, 801803.
  • Sherman, P.W. (1977). Nepotism and the evolution of alarm calls. Science 197, 12471253.
  • Singh, S. & Singh, K. (1976). Phonetics: principles and practices. Baltimore: University Park Press.
  • Sinnott, J.M. (1989). Detection and discrimination of synthetic English vowels by Old World monkeys (Cercopithecus, Macaca) and humans. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86, 557565.
  • Sinnott, J.M. & Kreiter, N.A. (1991). Differential sensitivity to vowel continua in Old World monkeys (Macaca) and humans. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 89, 24212429.
  • Slocombe, K.E. & Zuberbühler, K. (2005). Functionally referential communication in a chimpanzee. Curr. Biol. 15, 17791784.
  • Smith, D. & Patterson, R. (2005). The interaction of glottal pulse rate and vocal tract length in judgement of speaker's size, sex and age. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 118, 31773186.
  • Solomon, N., Luschei, E. & Liu, K. (1995). Fundamental frequency and tracheal pressure during three types of vocalizations elicited from anesthetized dogs. J. Voice 9, 403412.
  • Sommers, M., Moody, D., Prosen, C. & Stebbins, W. (1992). Formant frequency discrimination by Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 91, 34993510.
  • Taylor, A.M, Reby, D. & McComb, K. (2008). Human listeners attend to size information in domestic dog growls. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 123, 29032910.
  • Taylor, A.M., Reby, D. & McComb, K. (2009a). Context-related variation in the vocal growling behaviour of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). Ethol. 115, 905915.
  • Taylor, A.M., Reby, D. & McComb, K. (2009b). Size communication in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) growls. Anim. Behav., in press.
  • Tembrock, G. (1976). Canid vocalizations. Behav. Proc. 1, 5775.
  • Titze, I.R. (1994). Principles of vocal production. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall.
  • Titze, I.R. (2008). Nonlinear source–filter coupling in phonation: theory. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 123, 27332749.
  • Tokuda, I., Riede, T., Neubauer, J., Owren, M. & Herzel, H. (2002). Nonlinear analysis of irregular animal vocalizations. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 111, 29082919.
  • Torriani, M., Vannoni, E. & McElligott, A.G. (2006). Mother–young recognition in an ungulate hider species: a unidirectional process. Am. Nat. 168, 412420.
  • Trivers, R. (1971). The evolution of reciprocal altruism. Quart. Rev. Biol. 46, 3557.
  • Vannoni, E. & McElligott, A.G. (2007). Individual acoustic variation in fallow deer (Dama dama). Common and harsh groans: a source-filter perspective. Ethology 113, 223234.
  • Vannoni, E. & McElligott, A.G. (2008). Low frequency groans indicate larger and more dominant fallow deer (Dama dama) males. PLoS ONE 3, e3113.
  • Vannoni, E., Torriani, M. & McElligott, A.G. (2005). Acoustic signaling in cervids: a methodological approach for measuring vocal communication in fallow deer. Cog. Br. Behav. IX, 551565.
  • Volodin, I.A., Volodina, E.V. & Efremova, K.O. (2009). Antelope, calling through the nose: structure of sounds and effect of sexual selection on the vocal behavior of the saiga (Saiga tatarica). Zool. Zhurnal 88, 113124.
  • Volodina, E., Volodin, I., Isaeva, I. & Unck, C. (2006). Biphonation may function to enhance individual recognition in the dhole, Cuon alpinus. Ethology 112, 815825.
  • Wilden, I., Herzel, H., Peters, G. & Tembrock, G. (1998). Subharmonics, biphonation, and deterministic chaos in mammal vocalization. Bioacoustics 9, 171196.
  • Wyman, M.T., Mooring, M.S., McCowan, B., Penedo, M.C.T. & Hart, L.A. (2008). Amplitude of bison bellows reflects male quality, physical condition and motivation. Anim. Behav. 76, 16251639.
  • Yin, S. (2002). A new perspective on barking in dogs (Canis familiaris). J. Comp. Psychol. 116, 189193.
  • Yin, S. & McCowan, B. (2004). Barking in domestic dogs: context specificity and individual identification. Anim. Behav. 68, 343355.
  • Zimmermann, E. & Lerch, C. (1993). The complex acoustic design of an advertisement call in male-mouse lemurs (microcebus-murinus, prosimii, primates) and sources of its variation. Ethology 93, 211224.
  • Zuberbühler, K. (2002). A syntactic rule in forest monkey communication. Anim. Behav. 63, 293299.