This article was awarded the 2012 ASEN/Nations and Nationalism Prize in the Memory of Dominique Jacquin-Berdal.
Migration and ethnic nationalism: Anglophone exit and the ‘decolonisation’ of Québec
Article first published online: 10 APR 2012
© The author(s) 2012. Nations and Nationalism © ASEN/Blackwell Publishing Ltd 2012
Nations and Nationalism
Volume 18, Issue 4, pages 719–743, October 2012
How to Cite
Pettinicchio, D. (2012), Migration and ethnic nationalism: Anglophone exit and the ‘decolonisation’ of Québec. Nations and Nationalism, 18: 719–743. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8129.2011.00513.x
- Issue published online: 13 SEP 2012
- Article first published online: 10 APR 2012
- cultural division of labour;
- internal colonialism;
This article explains the effects of ethnic nationalism on Anglophone and Francophone migration. The rise of Québec ethnic nationalism in the 1960s dismantled the cultural division of labour, which created new opportunities for Francophones but threatened Anglophones' traditional dominance over the Québec economy. This had negative consequences for Anglophones but positive outcomes for Francophones, which in turn accounts for differences in migration patterns. Drawing from the internal colony model as well as migration and exit-voice theories, and using ecological census data, micro-census data and election panel data, I find that the key variables that increase the likelihood of Anglophone out-migration either do not explain Francophone out-migration or have opposite effects. This is because ethnonationalist policies decreased the economic return particularly for well-educated, higher-earning, professional Anglophones in Québec, while increasing the economic position of Francophones and in particular well-educated professionals.