SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • Adams, C. D. (1972). Campanulaceae. In: Flowering Plants of Jamaica (Ed. by C. D.Adams), p. 734. University of the West Indies, Mcna , Jamaica .
  • Amadon, D. (1947). Ecology and the evolution of the Hawaiian birds. Evolution, Lancaster, Pa., 1, 63.
  • Ashton, P. S. (1969). Speciation among tropical forest trees: some deductions in the light of recent evidence. Biol. J. Linn. Soc, 1, 155.
  • Baker, H. G. (1972). Migrations of weeds. In: Taxonomy, phytogeography and evolution (Ed. by D. H.Valentine), p. 327. Academic Press, London .
  • Baker, H. G. (1973). Evolutionary relationships between flowering plants and animals in American and African tropical forests. In: Tropical ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review. (Ed. by B. J.Meggers, E. S.Ayensu and W. D.Duckworth), p. 145. Smithsonian Inst., Washington .
  • Baldwin, P. H. (1952)- Annual cycle, environment and evolution in the Hawaiian honeycreepers (Aves: Drepaniidae). Univ. Calif. Publ. Zool., 52, 285.
  • Butzer, K. W., Fock, G. J., Stuckenrath, R. & Zilch, A. (1973). Palaeohydrology of Late Pleistocene Lake, Alexandersfontein, Kimberley, South Africa. Nature, Lond., 243, 328.
  • de Candolle, A. P. (1839). Mémoire sur les Lobeliacées et sur la nouvelle famille des Cyphiacées Annls Sci. nat. II, 12, 129.
  • Carlquist, S. (1962). Trematolobelia: seed dispersal; anatomy of fruit and seeds. Pacif. Sci., 16 126.
  • Chaney, R. W. (1933). A Tertiary flora from Uganda. J. Geol., 41, 702.
  • Cheke, R. A. (1971). Feeding ecology and significance of interspecific territoriality of African montane sunbirds (Nectariniidae). Revue Zool. Bot. afr., 84, 50.
  • Chesters, K. I. M. (1957)- The Miocene flora of Rusinga Island, Lake Victoria, Kenya. Palaeontographica, 101B, 30.
  • Corner, E. J. H. (1949). The Durian Theory or the origin of the modern tree. Ann. Bot. 13, 367.
  • Corner, E. J. H. (1954). The Durian Theory extended-II. The arillate fruit and the compound leaf. Phytomorphology, 4, 152. Cruden, R. W. (1972)- Pollinators in high-elevation ecosystems: relative effectiveness of birds and bees. Science, N.Y., 176, 1439.
  • Degener, O. & Degener, I. (1962). Galeatella. Flora Hawaiiensis, fam. 339. Published by the authors.
  • Degener, O. & Degener, I. (1963). Neowimmeria. Flora Hawaiiensis, fam. 339. Published by the authors.
  • Docters Van Leeuwen, W. M. (1933). Biology of plants and animals occurring in the higher parts of Mount Pangrango-Gedeh in West-Java. Verh. K. Akad. Wet. (sect. 2), 31, 1.
  • Faegri, K. & Pijl, L. VAN DER. (1966). The Principles of Pollination Ecology. Pergamon, Oxford .
  • Forman, L. L. (1965). A new genus of Ixonanthaceae with notes on the family. Kew Bull., 19, 517.
  • Hamilton, A. (1968). Some plant fossils from Bukwa. Uganda J., 32, 157.
  • Hara, H. (1966). The Flora of Eastern Himalaya. University of Tokyo Press.
  • Hauman, L. (1934). Les ‘Lobelias’ géants des montagnes du Congo Belge. Mém. Inst. colon, beige Sect. Sci. nat. med. 8°, 2, 1.
  • Hawkes, J. G. & Smith, P. (1965). Continental Drift and the age of Angiosperm genera. Nature, Lond., 207, 48.
  • Hedberg, O. (1964). Features of afroalpine plant ecology. Acta phytogeogr. suec, 49, 1.
  • Heezen, B. C., Macgregor, I. D., Foreman, H. P., Forristal, G., Hekel, H., Hesse, R., Hoskins, R. H., Jones, E. J. W., Kaneps, A., Krashennikov, V. A., Okada, H. & Ruef, M. H. (1973). Dia-chronous deposits: a kinematic interpretation of the post-Jurassic sedimentation sequence on the Pacific plate. Nature, Lond., 241, 25.
  • Johnson, C. G. & Bowden, J. (1973). Problems related to the transoceanic transport of insects, especially between the Amazon and Congo areas. In: Tropical ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review (Ed. by B. J.Meggers, E. S.Ayensu and W. D.Duckworth), p. 207. Smithsonian Inst., Washington .
  • Mabberley, D. J. (1973). Evolution in the Giant Groundsels. Kew Bull., 28, 61.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (1974a). Branching in pachycaul Senecios: the Durian Theory and the evolution of angiospermous trees and herbs. New Phytol., 73, 967.
  • Mabberley, D. J. (1974b). The pachycaul Lobelias of Africa and St Helena. Kew Bull., 29 (in press).
  • Moeliono, B. (1960). Lobelia. In: Campanulaceae (Ed. by B. Moeliono and B.Tuyn), Flora Malesiana, 6, 107.
  • Moreau, R. E. (1952). Africa since the Mesozoic with particular reference to certain biological problems. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 121, 869.
  • Muller, J. (1970). Palynological evidence on early differentiation of Angiosperms. Biol. Rev., 45, 417.
  • Paulian, R. & Villiers, A. (1940). Les coléoptères des Lobelias des montagnes du Cameroun. Revue Fr. Ent., 7, 72.
  • Raven, P. H. & Axelrod, D. I. (1972). Plate tectonics and Australasian palaeobiogeography. Science, N.Y., 176, 1379.
  • Rock, J. F. (1919). A monographic study of the Hawaiian species of the tribe Lobelioideae, family Campanulaceae. Mem. Bernice P. Bishop Mus., 7(2), 1.
  • Scott, H. (1935). Coleoptera associated with the giant Lobelias and arborescent Senecios of Eastern Africa. J. Linn. Soc. (Zool.), 39, 235.
  • Scott, H. (1952). Journey to the Gughé Highlands (Southern Ethiopia), 1948–1949; biogeographical research at high altitudes. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., 163, 85.
  • Scott, H. (1958). Biographical research in High Simien (Northern Ethiopia), 1952–1953. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., 170, 1.
  • Skottsberg, C. (1927). lakttagelser över blomningen hos Cyanea hirtella (H. Mann) Rock. Meddn Göteborgs bot. träd., 3, 43.
  • Skottsberg, C. (1928). On some arborescent species of Lobelia from Tropical Asia. Acta Horti gothoburg., 4, 1.
  • Skottsberg, C. (1939). Remarks on the Hawaiian flora. Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., 151, 181.
  • Smith, A. C. (1973). Angiosperm evolution and the relationship of the floras of Africa and America. In: Tropical ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review (Ed. by B. J.Meggers, E. S.Ayensu and W. D.Duckworth), p. 49. Smithsonian Inst., Washington .
  • Spieth, H. T. (1966). Hawaiian honeycreeper, Vestiaria coccinea (Foster) feeding on Lobelioid flowers, Clermontia arborescens (Mann) Hillebr. Am. Nat., 100, 470.
  • Stapf, O. (1893). The genus Trematocarpus. Ann. Bot., 7, 396.
  • Van Steenis, C. G. G. J. (1934). On the origin of the Malaysian mountain flora. Part I. Facts and statement of the problem. Bull. Jard. bot. Buitenzorg III, 13, 135.
  • van Steenis, C. G. G. J. (1962). The land-bridge theory in Botany. Blumea, II, 235.
  • Thorne, R. F. (1973). Floristic relationships between Tropical Africa and Tropical America. In: Tropical ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review (Ed. by B. J.Meggers, E. S.Ayensu and W. D.Duckworth), p. 27. Smithsonian Inst., Washington .
  • Tuyama, T. (1953). On the phytogeographical status of the Bonin and Volcano Islands. Proc. Pacif. Sci. Congr., 71(V), Bot., 208.
  • Vanzolini, P. E. (1973). Palaeoclimates, relief, and species multiplication in equatorial forests. In: Tropical ecosystems in Africa and South America: a comparative review (Ed. by B. J.Meggers, E. S.Ayensu and W. D.Duckworth), p. 255. Smithsonian Inst., Washington .
  • Verdcourt, B. (1963). The Miocene Mollusca of Rusinga Island, Lake Victoria and other localities in Kenya, Palaeontographica, 121A, 1.
  • Werth, E. (1915). Kurzer Überblick über die Gesamtfrage der Ornithophilie. Bot. Jb., 53, Beibl. 116, 314.
  • Wimmer, F. E. (1953). Campanulaceae- Lobelioideae. II Teil. in: A.Engler and L.Diels, Das Pflanzenreich, Regni vegetabilis conspectus IV, 276b, 261. Akad. Verlag, Berlin .
  • Wimmer, F. E. (1956). I Teil. Idem 276a, 1 (reprint of 1943 ed.).
  • Wimmer, F. E. (1968). Supplementum. Idem 276c, 815.
  • Ydrac, F. L. (1905). Recherches anatomiques sur les Lobeliacées. Univ. Paris, École sup. de Pharm. 1904–5, No. 10. Declume, Lons-le-Saunier .