Sección de Microbiologia, Estación Experimental del Zaidin, Granada, Spain.
INFLUENCE OF PLANT INTERACTIONS ON VESICULAR-ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL INFECTIONS. I. HOST AND NON-HOST PLANTS GROWN TOGETHER
Article first published online: 2 MAY 2006
Volume 84, Issue 1, pages 27–35, January 1980
How to Cite
OCAMPO, J. A., MARTIN, J. and HAYMAN, D. S. (1980), INFLUENCE OF PLANT INTERACTIONS ON VESICULAR-ARBUSCULAR MYCORRHIZAL INFECTIONS. I. HOST AND NON-HOST PLANTS GROWN TOGETHER. New Phytologist, 84: 27–35. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1980.tb00746.x
- Issue published online: 2 MAY 2006
- Article first published online: 2 MAY 2006
- ((Accepted 6 April 1979))
Mycorrhizal infections formed by different endophytes were examined in 10 crop species grown separately and in pairs in sterilized and unsterile soils. No infection was observed in cabbage, kale, rape or swede (in the supposedly non-mycorrhizal family Cruciferae) and only traces were seen in sugar beet (supposedly non-mycorrhizal Chenopodiaceae) when these plants were grown alone. However, slight (< 5 %) infection (cortical mycelium and vesicles, but no arbuscules) developed in some when a mycorrhizal host plant was present and there were many clumps of endophyte mycelium on their root surfaces, usually attached to entry points which had often aborted. Glomus fasciculatus‘E3’ was a more infective endophyte than Gigaspora margarita. Infection was usually well developed in the host plants barley, lettuce, maize, potato and onion. It was depressed only in a few pairs but no more by the presence of a ‘non-host’ plant than by a host plant. The results suggest that the barriers to mycorrhizal infection in ‘non-hosts’ are intrinsic and more probably related to characteristics of the root cortex or epidermis than to any infection-inhibiting factors that might be released in root exudates.