• Allessio, M. L. & Tieszen, L. L. (1975) Patterns of carbon allocation in an arctic tundra grass, Dupontia fischer. (Gramineae) at Barrow, Alaska. American Journal of Botan., 62, 797807.
  • Amor, R. L. (1971) A study of the ecology and control of blackberr. (Rubus fruticosus L.). Ph.D. thesis, Monash University, Victoria , Australia .
  • Ashmun, J. W., Thomas, R. J. & Pitelka, L. F. (1982) Translocation of photoassimilates between sister ramets in two rhizomatous forest herbs. Annals of Botan., 49, 403415.
  • Callaghan, T. V. (1984) Growth and translocation in a clonal southern hemisphere sedge, Uncinia meridensis. Journal of Ecolog., 72, 529546.
  • Ginzo, H. D. & Lovell, P. H. (1973a) Aspects of the comparative physiology of Ranunculus bulbosu. L. and Ranunculus repen. L. I. Response to nitrogen. Annals of Botan., 37, 753764.
  • Ginzo, H. D. & Lovell, P. H. (1973b) Aspects of the comparative physiology of Ranunculus bulbosu. L. and Ranunculus repen. L. II. Carbon dioxi de assimilation and distribution of photosynthates. Annals of Botan., 37, 765776.
  • Guttridge, C. B. (1959) Evidence of a flower inhibitor and growth promoter in the strawberry. Annals of Botan., 23, 351360.
  • Hartnett, D. C. & Bazzaz, F. A. (1983) Physiological integration among intraclonal ramets in Solidago canadensis. Ecolog., 64, 779788.
  • Hutchings, M. J. (1975) The dynamics of shoot populations of a woodland perennial her. (Mercurialis perennis L.) growing in pure stands. Ph.D. thesis, University of East Anglia.
  • Hutchings, M. J. & Barkham, J. P. (1976) An investigation of shoot interactions in Mercurialis perenni. L., a rhizomatous perennial herb. Journal of Ecolog., 64, 723743.
  • Kirby, K. J. (1980). Experiments on vegetative reproduction in bramble (Rubus vestitus). Journal of Ecolog., 68, 513520.
  • Lovett Doust, L. (1981) Intraclonal variation and competition in Ranunculus repens. New Phytologis., 89, 495502.
  • Newell, S. J. (1982) Translocation of 14C-photoassimilate in two stoloniferous Viol. species. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Clu., 109, 306317.
  • Noble, J. C. (1976) The population biology of rhizomatous plants. Ph.D. thesis, University of Wales.
  • Noble, J. C. & Marshall, C. (1983) The population biology of plants with clonal growth. II. The nutrient strategy and modular physiology of Carex arenaria. Journal of Ecolog., 71, 865877.
  • Ong, C. K. & Marshall, C. (1979) The growth and survival of severely shaded tillers in Lolium perenn. L. Annals of Botan., 43, 147155.
  • Ong, C. K., Marshall, C. & Sagar, G. R. (1978) The physiology of tiller death in Lolium perenn. L. II. Causes of tiller death in a grass sward. Journal of the British Grassland Societ., 33, 205211.
  • Pitelka, L. F. (1984) Application of the -3/2 power law to clonal plants. American Naturalis., 123, 442449.
  • Pitelka, L. F. & Ashmun, J. W. (1985). Physiology and integration of ramets in clonal plants. Population Biology and Evolution of Clonal Organism. (Ed. by J. B. C.Jackson, L. W.Buss & R. E.Cook), pp. 399435. Yale University Press.
  • Salzman, A. G. & Parker, M. A. (1985) Neighbours ameliorate local salinity stress for a rhizomatous plant in a heterogeneous environment. Oecologi., 65, 273277.
  • Sarukhán, J. & Harper, J. L. (1973) Studies on plant demography: Ranunculus repen. L., R. bulbosu. L. and R. acri. L. I. Population flux and survivorship. Journal of Ecolog., 61, 675716.
  • Slade, A. J. & Hutchings, M. J. (1987a) The effects of nutrient availability on foraging in the clonal herb Glechoma hederacea. Journal of Ecolog., 75, 95112.
  • Slade, A. J. & Hutchings, M. J. (1987b). Clonal integration and plasticity in foraging behaviour in Glechom. hederacea. Journal of Ecolog., 75, (In press).
  • Tietema, T. (1980) Ecophysiology of the sand sedge Carex arenaria. II. The distribution of 14C assimilates. Acta Botanica Neerlandic., 29, 165178.