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Keywords:

  • Nitric oxide pollution;
  • CO2 enrichment;
  • net photosynthesis;
  • stomatal resistance;
  • Lycopersicon lycopersicum

SUMMARY

Net photosynthesis of 5-week-old tomato plants (Lycopersicon lycopersicum L. cv. Abunda), was measured in clean air or with NO fumigation, for five consecutive days under simulated winter glasshouse conditions: temperature 22 °C, VPD 04 kPa, irradiance 30 W m−2 and daylength 8–9 h. NO concentrations applied were 0 or 1 μl 1−1 in combination with CO, concentrations of 350 or 1000 μl −1.

A reduction in net photosynthesis due to NO became apparent on the third day of measurement. On the fifth day this reduction was 38%, of the control at 350 μl −1 CO2 and 24%, at 1000 μl −1 CO2. The increase in photosynthesis due to CO, enrichment was initially 40%; this effect was strongly reduced after 5 d in the presence of NO. Plants did not recover in the dark after the daily fumigation treatment, the level to which photosynthesis was reduced at the end of the day being the level at which it started the next day. The decrease in photosynthesis could not be explained by an increased stomatal resistance, and the plants did not show visible symptoms of injury. Practical implications of the results are discussed.