SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

references

  • Ahmajian, V. (1967). The Lichen Symbioses. Blaisdell Publishing Co., Waltham , Mass .
  • Anglesea, D., Greenhbenhalgh, G. N., & Veltkamp, C. (1983). The structure of the thallus tip in Usnuea subftoridana. Lichettotogist 15, 7380.
  • Becking, J. H. (1978). Ecology and physiological adaptations of Anabaena in the Azolla Anabaena symbiosis. Ecological Bulletin (Stockholm) 26, 258273.
  • Bergman, B. & Hoillbom (1982). Nostoc of Peltigera canina when lichenized and isolated. Canadian Journal of Botany 60, 20922098.
  • Boissière, M.-C. (1982). Cytochemieal ultrastructure of Peltigera canina: some features related to its symbiosis. Lichienologist 14, 127.
  • Boissière, M.-C. (1987). Ultrastructural evidence for polvglucosidic reserves in Nostoc cells in Peltigera and Collema and the effect of thallus hydration. Biblotcca Lichenologica 25, 109116.
  • Bossert, P., & Uunn, K. W. (1986). Regulation of intracellular algae by various strains of the symbiotic Hydra viridissima. Journal of Cell Science 85, 187195.
  • Brown, D. H. (1987). The location of mineral elements in lichens; implications for metabolism. Bibloteca Lichenotogica 25, 361375.
  • Burggraaf, A. J. P., & Beringer, J. E. (1989). Absence of nuclear DNA synthesis in vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi during in vitro development. New Phytologisi 111, 2533.
  • Calvert, H. E. & Peters, M. K., & Peters, G. A. (1985). Ultrastructural ontogeny of leaf cavity trichomes in Azolla implies a functional role in metabolite exchange. Protoplasma 129, 1027.
  • Calvert, H. E., & Peters, G. A. (1981). The Azolla Anabaena azollae relationship. IX. Morphological analysis of leaf cavity hair populations. New Phytologist 89, 327335.
  • Cooper, S. (1979). A unifying model for the Gl period in Prokaryota and Eukaryota. Nature 280, 1719.
  • de Jongh P. (1938). On the symbiosis of Ardisia crispa (Thunb.) A. DC. Verhandelingen der Koninklijhe nederlandsche Akademie van Wetenschappen atdeeling. Naturkunde Seetie, 11 (37), 174.
  • Donachie, W. D. (1981). The cell cycle of Escherichia coli. In: The Cell Cycle (Ed. by P. C. L.John), pp. 6383. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge .
  • Donnan, L., Carvill, F. P., Gilliland, T. J., & John, P. C. L. (1985). The cell cycles of Chlamydomonas and Chlorella. New Phytologist 89, 140.
  • Donnan, L., & John, P. C. I. (1984). Timer and sizer controls in the cell cycles of Chlamyilomonas and Chlorella, In: The Microbial Cell Cycle (Ed, by P.Nurs, & E.Strciblova), pp. 231251. Chemical Rubber Company Press, Cleveland .
  • Douglas, A.E., & Smith, D. C. (1984). The green Hydra symbiosis VIII. Mechanisms in symbiont regulation. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series B, 221, 291319.
  • Dunn, K. (1987). Growth of endosymbiotic algae in the green Hydra viridissima. Journal of Cell Science 88, 571578.
  • Englund, H. (1977). The physiology of the lichen Peltigera aphthosa with special reference to the blue green phycobiont (Nostoc sp.). Physiologia Plantarum 41, 298304.
  • Fsarrar, J. F. (1976). The lichen as an ecosystem: observation and experiment. In: Lichenology: Progress and Problems (Ed. by I. D. H.Brown, D. L.Hawkswort & R. H.Bailey), pp. 385406. Academic Press, London , New York .
  • Franche, C., & Cohen-Bazirk, G. (1987). Evolutionary divergence in the nif H.D.K. gene region among nine symbiotic Anabaena azollae and between Anabaena azollae and some free living heterocystous cyanobaeteria. Symbiosis 3, 159178.
  • Gates, J. E., Fisher, R. W., Groggin, T. W., & Azrolan, N. I. (1980). Antigenic differences between Anabaena azollae fresh from the Azolla fern leaf cavity and Tree living eyanobaeteria. Archives of Microbiology 128, 126129.
  • Greenhailghi, G. N., & Anglesea, G. (1979). The distribution of algal cells in the lichen thalli. Lichenologist 11, 283292.
  • Greenhalgh, G. N., & Whttfield, A. (1987). Thallus tip structure and matrix development in Bryona fiiscescens. Lichenologist 19, 295305.
  • Hill, D. J. (1975). The pattern of development of Anabaena in the Azolla-Anabaena symbiosis. Planta 122, 179184.
  • Hill, D. J. (1977). The role of Anabaena in the Azolla Anabnena symbiosis. New Phytologist 78, 611616.
  • Hill, D.J. (1981). The growth of lichens with special reference to the modelling of circular thalli. Lichenologist 13, 265287.
  • Hill, D. J. (1985). Changes in photobiont dimensions and numbers during co-development of lichen symbionts. In: Lichen Physiology and Cell Biology (Ed. by D. H.Brown), pp. 303317. Plenum, New York .
  • Hill, D. J. Smith, D. C. (1972). Lichen physiology. Xiii. The inhibition technique. New Phytatogist 71, 1530.
  • Hionegger, R. (1985). Fine structure of different types of symbiotic relationships in lichens. In: Lichen Physiology and Cell Biology (Ed. by D. H.Brown), pp. 287302 Plenum, New York .
  • Honeggr, R. (1987). Questions about pattern formation in the algal layer of lichens with stratified (heteromerous) thalli. Bibloteca Lichcnologica 25, 5971.
  • Houk, E. J., & Griffiths, G. W. (1980). Intracellular symbiotes of the Homoptera. Annual Review of Entomology 25, 161187.
  • Ingraham, J. L., Masloe, O., & Neidhardt, F. C. (1983). Growth of the Bacterial Cell. Sinauer, Sunderland , Mass .
  • Jolly, E., & Smith, D. C. (1978). The green alga symbiosis I. Isolation, culture and characteristics of the Chlorella symbiont of ‘European’ Hydra viridis. New Phytologisi 81, 637645.
  • Kershaw, K. A. (1985). Physiological Ecology of Lichens. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge .
  • Ladha, J. K., & Watanabe, I. (1982). Antigenic similarity among Anabaena azollae separated from different species of Azolla. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 109, 675682.
  • Ladha, J. K., & Waianabe, I. (1984). Antigenic analysis of Anabaena azollae and presence of leetin in Azolla-Anahaena association. In: Advances in Nitrogen Fixation Research (Ed. By C.Veege & N. E.Newton), pp. 421. Martinus Nijhoff, The Hague .
  • Lersten, N. R., & Horner, H. T. (1976). Bacterial leaf nodule symbiosis m angiosperms with emphasis on Rubiaceae and Myrsinaceae. Botanical Reviews 42, 145214.
  • Ludwig, R. A. & De Vries, G. E. (1986). Biochemical Physiology of Rhizobium dinitrogen fixation. In: Nitrogen Fixation , vol. 4. Molecular Biology (Ed. by W. T.Broughton and A.Fuhler), pp. 5069. Oxford University Press, Oxford, London .
  • McAuley, P. J. (1981). Control of cell division of the intracellular Chlorella symbionts in green hydra. Journal of Cell Science 47, 197206.
  • McAuley, P. J. (1985). The cell cycle of symbiotic Chlorella. I. The relationship between host feeding and algal cell growth and division. Journal of Cell Science 77, 225240.
  • McAuley, P. J. (1986). The cell cycle of symbiotic Chlorella. III. Numbers of algae m green hydra digestive cells are regulated at digestive cell division. Journal of Cell Science 85, 6371.
  • McAuley, P. J. (1987). Nitrogen limitation and amino-acid metabolism of Chlorella symbiotic with green hydra. Planta 1718, 532538.
  • McAuley, P. J., & Muscatine, L. (1986). The cell cycle of symbiotic Chlorella. IV. DNA content of algae slowly increases during host starvation of green hydra. Journal of Cell Science 85, 7384.
  • Meeks, J. C., Joseph, C.M. & Hasei Kokn, R. (1988). Organisation of the nil genes in cyanobacteria in symbiotic association with Azolla and Anthoceros. Archives of Microbiology 150, 6171.
  • Miller, I. M., Gardner, I.C., & Scott, A. (1983a). The development of marginal leaf nodules in Ardisia crispa (Thunb.) A. DC. Myrsinaceae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 86, 237252.
  • Miller, I. M., & Reporter, M. (1987). Bacterial leaf symbiosis in Dioscorea sansibarensis: morphology and ultrastructure of the acuminate leaf glands. Plant, Cell and Environment 10, 413424.
  • Miller, I. M., Scott, A. Gardner, I. C. (1983b). Leaf nodule development in Psychotria kirkii Hiern. (Rubiaceae). Annals of Botany 52, 791802.
  • Miller, I. M., Scott, A., & Gardner, I. C. (1983c). Gtycogen accumulation by the leaf nodule bacteria in Psychotria punctata Vakke (Rubiaceae). Microbios Letters 23, 149154.
  • Pardy, R. L., & Iikacox, A. E. (1976). Growth of algal symbionts in regulating hydra. Nature 260, 809810.
  • Peters, G. A., & Calvert, H. E. (1983). The Azolla Anabaena azollae symbiosis. In: Algal Symbiosis (Ed. by L. J.Goff), pp. 109145. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge .
  • Peters, G. A., Toia, R. E., Calvert, H. E., & Marsh, H. B. (1986). Lichens to Gunnera with emphasis on Azolla Plant and Soil 90, 1734.
  • Peters, G. A., Toia, R. E., Evans, W. R., Crist, D. K., Mayne B. C., & Pool, R. E. (1980). Characteristics and comparisons of five N-fixing Azolla Anabaena associations. I. Optimal growth conditions for biomass increase and N content in controlled environments. Plant, Cell and Environment 3, 261269.
  • Petro, M. J., & Gates, J. E. (1987). Distribution of Arthrobacter, sp. in the leaf cavities of four species of the N-fixing Azolla fern. Symbiosis 3, 4148.
  • Rai, A. N., Rowell, P., & Stewart, W. D. P. (1981a). N2 incorporation and metabolism in the lichen Peltigera abhthosa Willd. Plant 152, 544552.
  • Rai, A. N., Rowki, L. P., & Stewart, W.D.I. (1981b). Nitrogenase activity and dark CO2 fixation in the lichen Peltigera aphthosa Willd. Planta 151, 256264.
  • Rai, A. N., Rowell, P., & Stiewart, W. D. P. (1981). Myeobiont cyanobiont interactions during dark nitrogen fixation by the lichen Peltigera aphthosa. Physiologia Plantarum, 57 285290.
  • Raven, J. A. (1986). Plasticity in algae. Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology, no. 30, pp. 347372.
  • Rees, T. A. Y. (1987). The green hydra symbiosis and ammonium I. The role of the host in ammonium assimilation and Us possible regulatory significance. Proceedings of the Royal Society, Series B 229, 299314.
  • Reisser, W. (1984). Endosymbiotic cyanohacteria and cvanellae. In: Cellular Interactions. Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology New Series, vol. 17 (Ed. by H. F.Linsken & J.Heslop-Harrison), pp. 91112. Springer Yerlag, Berlin .
  • Reisser, W. (1985). Endosymbinses: evolutionary trends in cellular compartmentalization. In: Compartments in Algal Cells and their Interaction (Ed. by W.Wiessner, D.Robinso & R. C.Starr), pp. 200206. Springer Verlag, Berlin .
  • Reisser, W. (1986). Endosymbiotie associations of freshwater protozoa and algae. Progress in Protozoology 195214.
  • Rodriques-Pereira, A. S., Houwen, P. J. W., Debhenberg-Vos H. W. J., & Pey, E. B. F. (1972). Cytokinins and the bacterial symbiosis of Ardisia species. Zeitschrift, für Pflanzenphyswlogie 68, 170177.
  • Rowell, P., Rai, A. N., & Stewart, W. D. P. (1985). Studies on the nitrogen metabolism of the lichens Peltigera aphthosa and P. canina.. In: Lichen Physiology and Cell Biology (Ed. by D. H.Brown), pp. 145160. Plenum, New York .
  • Setlik, I., & Zachleder, V. (1984a). The multiple fission cell reproduction patterns of algae. In: The Mierobiat Cell Cycle (Ed. by P.Nurs & E.Streiblova), pp. 254270. CRC Press Boca Raton, Florida .
  • Setlik, I., & Zachleder, V. (1984b). The role of chloroplast in the cell cycle control of algae dividing by multiple fissio. In: Compartments in Algal Cells and their Interaction (Ed. By W.Wiessner, D. G.Robinso & R.C.Starr), pp. 118127. Springer Verlag, Berlin .
  • Shi, D.-J., Brouers, M., Hail, D. O., & Robins, R. J. (1987). The effects of immobilization on the biochemical physiological and morphological features of Anabaena azollae Planta, 172 278308.
  • Shi, D.-J., & Hall, D. O. (1988). Azolla and immobilized cyanobaeteria (bluegreen algae): from traditional agriculture to biotechnology. Plants Today 1, 512.
  • Smith, D. C. (1987). Regulation and change in symbiosis. Annals of Botany, 60: Supplement 4, 115127.
  • Smith, D. C., & Douglas, A. E. (1987). The Biology of Symbiosis. Arnold, London .
  • Stewart, W. D. P., Rowell, P., & Rai, A. N. (1980). Symbiotic nitrogen fixation fixing cyanobacteria. In: Nitrogen Fixation (Ed. by W. D. P.Stewar & J. K.Gallon), pp. 239277. Academic Press, London , New York .
  • Sutton, W. D., Pankhurst L. E., & Craig, S. A. (1981). The Rhizobium bacteroid state. International Review of Cytology, Supplement 13, 149177.
  • Taylor, D. L. (1983). Autotrophic eukaryutic marine symbionts. In: Cellular Interactions. Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology New Series, vol. 17 (Ed. by H. F.Linsken & J.Heslop-Harrison), pp. 7590. Springer Verlag, Berlin .
  • Trench, R. K. (1980). Intergrative mechanisms in mutualistic syrnbiosis. In: Cellular Interactiions in Symbiosis anil Parasitism (Ed. by C. B.Cook, P. W.Pappa & E. D.Rudolph), pp. 275297. Ohio State University Press, Columbus , Ohio .
  • Watanabe, I., Espinas, C. R., Berja, N. S., & Alimagno, B. V. (1977). Utilization of the of the Azolla Anabaena complex as nitrogen fertihzer for rice. International Rice Research Institute Papers Series 11, 115.
  • Wrissner, W., Robinson, D. G., & Starr, R. C. (1984). Compartments in Algal Cells and their Interaction. Springer Verlag, Berlin .
  • Welburn, S. C, Maudlin, I., & Ellis, D. S. (1987). In vitro cultivation of riekettsia-like organisms from Glossina spp. Annals of ‘I’ropical Medicine and Care 81, 331335.