Occurrence of soluble carbohydrates on the phylloplane of maize (Zea mays L.): variations in relation to leaf heterogeneity and position on the plant
Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
Volume 115, Issue 4, pages 609–615, August 1990
How to Cite
FIALA, V., GLAD, C., MARTIN, M., JOLIVET, E. and DERRIDJ, S. (1990), Occurrence of soluble carbohydrates on the phylloplane of maize (Zea mays L.): variations in relation to leaf heterogeneity and position on the plant. New Phytologist, 115: 609–615. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.1990.tb00492.x
- Issue published online: 28 APR 2006
- Article first published online: 28 APR 2006
- (Received 16 October 1989; accepted 29 March 1990)
- Zea mays;
- leaf surface;
Two techniques for collection of water-soluble substances, particularly carbohydrates, from the leaf surfaces (phylloplane) of maize (Zea mays L.) were compared in order to explain the oviposition preference of the European corn borer.
By dipping the leaves in water, smaller amounts of substances were obtained than by spraying water. The total amounts of three sugars (glucose, fructose and sucrose) collected from maize phylloplane ranged from 0.6 to 3.6 mg m−2 of leaf surface.
The quantities of these substances varied with the variety of maize, with leaf position, and with the part of the leaf. Sugar ratios on the phylloplane were quite different from those observed within the leaf.