• Chloride;
  • photosynthesis;
  • salt stress;
  • stomata;
  • Vitis vinifera.


An investigation of the time-course of inhibition of photosynthesis in salt-stressed grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.) leaves revealed two types of stomatal behaviour. Up to tissue concentrations of 165 mM chloride the inhibition was due to a uniform decrease in stomatal conductance, as indicated from autoradiograms of 14CO2 fixation and no change in the relationship of assimilation to calculated intercellular partial pressure of CO2 (A-C1) compared with control plants. The occurrence of non-stomatal inhibition of photosynthesis at higher levels of leaf chloride, suggested by a decline in the slope of the calculated (A-C1) relationship, was associated with non-uniform 14CO2uptake over the leaf surface similar to that previously observed for ABA-treated and water-stressed grapevine leaves where non-stomatal inhibition of photosynthesis was shown to be an artifact arising from non-uniform stomatal behaviour. These observations also provide an explanation for the stimulation of photorespiration during salt stress.