SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

references

  • Barèl, D. & Barsdate, R. J. (1978). Phosphorus dynamics of wet coastal tundra soils near Barrow, Alaska. In: Environmental Chemistry and Cycling Processes (Ed. by I. L.Brisbin & D. C.Adriano), pp. 516537. DOE Symposium series Conf. 760429. Washington , D.C .
  • Berendse, F. & Jonasson, S. (1991). Nutrient use and nutrient cycling. In: Arctic Ecosystems in a Changing Climate: An Ecophysiological Perspective (Ed. by F. S.Chapin, III, R. L.Jefferies, J.Reynolds, G. R.Shaver & J.Svoboda). Academic Press, New York (in the press).
  • Bieleski, R. L. (1973). Phosphate pools, phosphate transport, and phosphate availability. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 24, 225252.
  • Boggie, R., Hunter, R. F. & Knight, A. H. (1958). Studies of the root development of plants in the field using radioactive tracers. Journal of Ecology 46, 621639.
  • Caldwell, M. M., Eissenstat, D. M., Richards, J. H. & Allen, M. F. (1985). Competition for phosphorus: differential uptake from dual-isotope-labeled soil interspaces between shrub and grass. Science 229, 384386.
  • Caldwell, M. M. & Richards, J. H. (1986). Competing root systems: morphology and models of absorption. In: On the Economy of Plans Form and Function (Ed. by T. J.Givnish), pp. 251273. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge .
  • Chapin, F. S. III. (1980). The mineral nutrition of wild plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 11, 233260.
  • Chapin, F. S. III, Barsdate, R. J. & Barèl, D. (1978). Phosphorus cycling in Alaskan coastal tundra: a hypothesis for the regulation of nutrient cycling. Oikos 31, 189199.
  • Chapin, F. S. III, & Holleman, D. F. (1974). Radioassay of 32P in intact plant roots using Cerenkov radiation detection. International Journal of Applied Radiation and Isotopes 25, 209226.
  • Chapin, F. S. III, Johnson, D. A. & Mc-Kendrick, J. D. (1980). Seasonal movement of nutrients in plants of different growth forms in Alaskan tundra ecosystems: implications for herbivory. Journal of Ecology 68, 189209.
  • Chapin, F. S. III, & Kedrowski, R. A. (1983). Seasonal changes in nitrogen and phosphorus fractions and autumn retranslocation in evergreen and deciduous taiga trees. Ecology 64, 376391.
  • Chapin, F. S. III, & Shaver, G. R. (1981). Changes in soil properties and vegetation following disturbance of Alaskan arctic tundra. Journal of Applied Ecology 18, 605617.
  • Chapin, F. S. III & Shaver, G. R. (1989). Differences in growth and nutrient use among arctic plant growth forms. Functional Ecology 3, 7380.
  • Chapin, F. S. III, Shaver, G. R. & Kedrowski, R. A. (1986). Environmental controls over carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus fractions in Eriophorum vaginatum in Alaskan tussock tundra. Journal of Ecology 74, 167195.
  • Chapin, F. S. III, & Tryon, P. R. (1982). Phosphate absorption and root respiration of different plant growth forms from northern Alaska. Holarctic Ecology 5, 164171.
  • Chapin, F. S. III, van Cleve, K. & Chapin, M. C. (1979). Soil temperature and nutrient cycling in the tussock growth form of Eriophorum vaginatum L. Journal of Ecology 67, 169189.
  • Chapin, F. S. III, van Cleve, K. & Tieszen, L. L. (1975). Seasonal nutrient dynamics of tundra vegetation at Barrow, Alaska. Arctic and Alpine Research 7, 209226.
  • Cole, D. W. & Rapp, M. (1981). Elemental cycling in forest ecosystems. In: Dynamic Properties of Forest Ecosystems (Ed. By D. E.Richele), pp. 341409. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge .
  • Dowding, P., Chapin, F. S. III, Wielgolaski, F. E. & Kilfeather, P. (1981). Nutrients in tundra ecosystems. In: Tundra Ecosystems: a Comparative Analysis (Ed. by L. C.Bliss, O. W.Heal & J. J.Moore), pp. 647683. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge .
  • Gersper, P. L., Alexander, V., Barkley, S. A., Barsdate, R. J. & Flint, P. S. (1980). The soils and their nutrients. In: An Arctic Ecosystem. The Coastal Tundra at Barrow, Alaska (Ed. by J.Brown, P. C.Miller, L. L.Tieszen & F. L.Bunnell), pp. 219254. Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsberg .
  • Goodman, G. T. & Perkins, D. R. (1959). Mineral uptake and retention in cotton-grass (Eriophorum vaginatum L.). Nature 184, 467468.
  • Harrison, A. F., Hatton, J. C. & Taylor, K. (1986). Application of a root bioassay for determination of P- deficiency in high-altitude grasslands. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 37, 1011.
  • Harrison, A. F. & Helliwell, D. R. (1979). A bioassay for comparing phosphorus availability in soils. Journal of Applied Ecology 16, 497505.
  • Headley, A. D., Callaghan, T. V. & Lee J. A. (1985). The phosphorus economy of the evergreen tundra plant. Lycopodium annotinum. Oikos 45, 235245.
  • Headley, A. D., Callaghan, T. V. & Lee, J. A. (1988). Phosphate and nitrate movement in the clonal plants Lycopodium annotinum L. and Diphasiastrum Complanatum (L.) Holub. New Phytologist 110, 487495.
  • Jonasson, S. (1985). Implications of leaf longevity, leaf nutrient reabsorption and translocation for the resource economy of five evergreen species. Oikos 55, 121131.
  • Jonasson, S. & Chapin, F. S., III. (1985). Significance of sequential leaf development for nutrient balance of the cottonsedge. Eriophorum vaginatum L. Oecologia (Berlin) 67, 511518.
  • Jonasson, S. & Sköld, S. E. (1983). Influences of frost heaving on vegetation and nutrient regime of polygon-patterned ground. Vegetatio 53, 97112.
  • Jónsdóttir, I. S. & Callaghan, T. V. (1990). Intraclonal translocation of ammonium and nitrate nitrogen in Carex biegelowii Torr. ex Schwein. using 15N and nitrate reductase assays. New Phytologist 114, 419428.
  • Kedrowski, R. A. (1983). Extraction and analysis of nitrogen, phosphorus and carbon fractions in plant material. Journal of Plant Nutrition 6, 9891011.
  • Kielland, K. (1990). Processes controlling nitrogen release and turnover in arctic tundra. Dissertation, University of Alaska, Fairbanks.
  • Kummerow, J., Ellis, B. A., Kummerow, S & Chapin, F. S., III (1983). Spring growth of shoots and roots in shrubs of an Alaskan muskeg. American Journal of Botany 70, 15091515.
  • Malmer, N. (1962) Studies on mire vegetation in the Archaean area of southwestern Götaland (South Sweden). II. Distribution and seasonal variation in elementary constituents on some mire sites. Opera Botanica 7, 167.
  • Nye, P. H. (1977). The rate limiting step in plant nutrient absorption from soil. Soil Science 123, 292297.
  • Ovington, J D. (1965). Organic production, turnover and mineral cycling in woodlands. Biological Review 40, 295336.
  • Shaver, G. R., Chapin, F. S. III & Gartner, B. L. (1986). Factors limiting seasonal growth and peak biomass accumulation in Eriophorum Vaginatum in Alaskan tussock tundra. Journal of Ecology 74, 257278.
  • Sjörs, H. (1967). Nordisk Växtgeografi, (2nd Edn.) Scandinavian University Books. Köpenhamn , Oslo , Stockholm .
  • Small, E. (1972). Photosynthetic rates in relation to nitrogen recycling as an adaptation to nutrient deficiency in peat bog plants. Canadian Journal of Botany 50, 22272233.
  • Stachurski, A. & Zimka, J. R. (1975). Methods of studying forest ecosystems: leaf area, leaf production and withdrawal of nutrients from leaves of trees. Ecologia Polski 23, 637648.
  • Tamm, C. O. (1954). Some observations on the nutrient turn-over in a hog community dominated by Eriophorum vaginatum L. Oikos 5, 189194.
  • Wein, R. W. (1973). Biological flora of the British Isles: Eriophorum vaginatum L. Journal of Ecology 61, 601615.