Keyword Index


α-difluoromethylornithine, 847

abi1, 401

abi3, 401

aboveground–belowground interactions, 801

acclimatization, 449

aco1, 401

actin filaments, 613

action potential, 610

adaptation, 199

adaptive radiation, 253

aerenchyma, 35

allocation, 449

allopolyploidy, 165

altitude, 585

ancestral state, 97

ancient DNA, 339

apoplastic pH, 595

apoptosis, 35

Aquilegia, 113

Arabidopsis, 781

arbuscular mycorrhiza, 517, 877

arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM), 503

arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, 387

arbuscular mycorrhizas, 485, 495

archeology, 339

Arctic flora, 211

Asclepias, 265

aspen (Populus tremuloides), 791

assortative mating, 703

asymmetric introgression, 151

β-thujaplicin, 723

balsam fir (Abies balsamea), 291

barley (Hordeum vulgare), 595, 735, 749

Bayesian phylogenetic analysis, 517

below-ground mycelium, 539

beneficial fungi, 326

Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds (BVOC), 21

biological control, 569

bottleneck, 97

Brassica spp, 801

C3 plants, 371

C3–C4 photosynthesis, 341

Ca2+, 723

calcareous grassland, 279

calcium, 435, 557

California Floristic Province, 253

Calochortus, 253

cAMP, 723

candidate gene approach, 225

canopy structure, 459

carbohydrate content, 819

carbohydrate metabolism, 735

carbohydrates, 495

carbon concentration, 341

carbon dioxide, 791

Carex flacca, 279

caspase 3-like, 557

catalase, 791

cell wall, 641

ceramide, 677

Cerastium, 199

chaparral, 21

chilling, 415

chitosan, 557

chlorophyll fluorescence imaging, 715, 781

chloroplast DNA, 151

chloroplast sequences, 235

chromosomal rearrangements, 107

cladistics, 11

Clarkia, 71

CO2, 21

CO2 enrichment, 827

coalescence, 51

cold acclimation, 773

conifer foliage, 291

consecutive epidemics, 569

consequent radiation, 253

continuous cropping, 569

convergence, 253

crystals, 435

Cupressus lusitanica, 723

cyclohexylamine, 847

cytokinins, 761

cytoplasmic capture, 151

cytoskeleton, 613

cytotypes, 612

Darwinism, 11

defoliation, 811

dehydrins, 773

Dicorynia guianensis, 865

discriminant analysis, 291

disease assessment, 577

disease dynamics, 569

diversification, 97, 113

diversity, 503

DNA, 17

DNA quantification, 539

DNA sequence, 339

DNA sequences, 13

DNA sequence databanks, 15

DNA sequence databases, 17

dormancy, 415

dry Afromontane forest, 517

dynamic system analysis, 595

eco-devo, 3

ecology, 173

ecological divergence, 91, 225

ecological opportunity, 91

ectomycorrhiza, 335, 539

ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi, 326

ectomycorrhizal symbiosis, 549

ectomycorrhizas, 313, 529

efficiency, 865

eif3c, 401

electrical signalling, 610

electrical signals, 715

elevated CO2, 819

elevation, 291

elicitor, 723

elicitor perception, 595

endomycorrhiza, 335

environmental plasticity, 329

enzyme action and activity, 641

enzymes, 371

Eperua falcata, 865

Ericaceae, 773

Ethiopia, 517

ethylene, 723

evolution, 8

evolutionary convergence, 235

Fst, 51

Festuca ovina, 811

fireweed (Chamerion angustifolium), 612

Flaveria, 341

floating macrophyte, 449

floral isolation, 113, 265

floral syndromes, 253

floral transition, 393

flowering, 837

foliar physiognomy, 329

free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE), 459

fructan, 735, 749

fructosyltransferase, 749

fruiting, 837

fungal genets, 313

fungal material, 13

gas exchange, 577

GenBank, 15

gene expression, 529, 855

gene flow, 51, 59, 133

genetics, 173

genome evolution, 165

genomics, 173

genotype, 585

genotypic control, 329

geographic cohesion, 253

geographic isolation, 703

germination, 415

glacial refugia, 211

global change, 459

global warming, 819

Glomus coronatum, 485

Glomus intraradices, 335, 877

Glomus mosseae, 495, 855

glucosinolates, 801

glucosylceramide, 677

glycanases, 641

Glycine max (soybean), 495

Glycine subgenus Glycine (perennial soybeans), 121

Golgi system, 641

Gossypium, 133

GPI-anchor, 677

grafting, 393

graminan, 735

grass, 811

greenup onset, 837

growth, 865

H2O2, 791

Hebeloma cylindrosporum, 539

hemicelluloses, 641

heterostyly, 235

horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), 415

human disturbance, 539

hybrid fitness, 83

Hybrid poplar, 577

hybrid speciation, 225

hybrid zone, 83

hybridization, 91, 113, 121, 133, 143, 165, 225

hypoxia, 35

Iberian peninsula, 837

incongruence, 121

individual variation, 473

induced defences, 801

infiltration, 595

inoculum dynamics, 569

inositolphosphorylceramide, 677

insectivorous (‘motorized’) plants, 610

intact leaf, 595

interaction range, 303

intraspecific variation, 473

introgression, 59, 121, 133, 143

invasive species, 91, 827

invertase, 495, 735

in vitro culture, 877

in vitro shoot organogenesis, 761

ion flux, 723

IP3, 610

Ipomopsis, 83

irradiance, 193, 449

isotopic discrimination, 371

ITS, 517

jasmonic acid, 801

karyotype, 107

karyotypic evolution, 107

key innovation, 113

Koeleria macrantha, 279

Laccaria bicolor, 326, 335, 529

Lamiaceae, 473

Lavandula latifolia, 473

Layia, 71

LbRAS-interacting Ap-180 like proteins, 529

leaf area index, 459

leaf development, 193, 324

leaf freezing tolerance, 773

leaf size, 585

leaf senescence, 781

leaf spot, 577

leaf-unfolding, 837

Lemna minor, 435, 449

Leontodon hispidus, 279

Lewontin–Krakauer test, 51

light conditions, 393

Lindera umbellata, 427

lineage sorting, 121

linkage disequilibrium, 51

local adaptation, 51

Lolium perenne, 811

long-chain base, 677

Lonicera japonica, 827

Louisiana Irises, 143

LRR-structured model, 427

luciferase, 387

Lycopersicon esculentum, 485, 761

Lycopersicon esculentum (tomato), 393

macroevolution, 341

magnesium, 199

maize (Zea mays), 35

Manuscript Central, 3

Marssonina brunnea, 577

matrix protein, 435

mean crowding, 473

Medicago truncatula, 855, 877

Mediterranean, 235

Mediterranean-type ecosystem, 21

membrane potential, 610

membranes, 435

meristem identity, 393

metabolic modeling, 371

metachromasy, 387

metal tolerance, 199

methylglyoxal bis-[guanyl hydrazone], 847

metrics, 3

microgametophyte competition, 473

microsatellite markers, 313

microsensors, 595

Microstegium vimineum, 827

microtubules, 613

milkweed, 265

Mimosa pudica, 715

model, 459

molecular clock, 211

molecular diversity, 517

molecular signalling, 324

monoterpenes, 21

morphogenesis, 613

morphology, 811

morphometry, 235

multiple origins, 121

Mycorrhizal mutants, 485

nanoinfusion, 324

natural selection, 225

nested clade analysis, 211

Net Ecosystem Exchange (NEE), 21

nickel, 199

nitrate, 749

nitrate reductase activity, 449

nitrate uptake, 449

nitrogen, 459, 749, 811

nocturnal warming, 819

nodal roots, 811

nonphotochemical quenching, 781

non-radioactive tracer, 303

Nothofagus cunninghamii, 585

null-balance chambers, 21

nurse plant, 485

nutrient uptake, 549

open access, 3

ornithine decarboxylase, 847

oxalate, 435

oxidative stress, 791

ozone, 791

palaeoecology, 339, 585

palaeogenetics, 339

paleobotany, 329

paleoecology, 329

paper birch (Betula papyrifera), 791

paradigms, 11

parallel evolution, 199, 253

Paris-type arbuscular mycorrhizas, 865

partial least squares (PLS) regression, 291

pathogen resistance, 595

PCR, 339

pectins, 641

peroxisomes, 791

phenological shifts, 837

Phoma, 15

phosphorus, 865

phosphorus limitation, 279

phosphorus uptake, 279

photoinhibition, 781

photoprotection, 781

photorespiration, 341

photosynthesis, 341, 459, 819

photosynthesis-disease-light relations, 577

Photo system II electron quantum yield, 715

phylogenetics, 13

phylogeny, 97, 165, 235

phylogeny reconstruction, 8

phylogeography, 211

phytoalexin, 723

phytoremediation, 549

Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine), 549

plant, 35

plant competition, 485

plant evolution, 211

plant functional type, 503

Plant speciation, 8, 11, 143, 173

plant–pollinator interactions, 235

pollen competition, 703

pollen database, 339

pollen tube numbers, 473

pollinator behavior, 83, 265

pollinator constancy, 113

pollinator fidelity, 703

pollutant N deposition, 279

polyamines, 847

polyphosphate, 387

polyphosphate kinase, 387

polyploid speciation, 703

polyploidy, 8, 91, 121, 173, 612

polysaccharides, 641

population size, 59

population structure and dynamic, 539

population subdivision, 59

Populus deltoides (cottonwood), 819

Populus trichocarpa, 335

postzygotic isolation, 703

potential evapotranspiration, 837

prezygotic isolation, 703

principal components analysis, 291

Programmed Cell Death, 35, 557

Prunus africana, 517

Prunus avium, 401

Pseudomonas fluorescens, 855

public DNA databases, 13

Qst, 51

quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), 877

quantitative trait loci (QTL), 225

Quaternary, 211

Quercus petraea, 151

Quercus robur, 151

rainfall changes, 837

recalcitrant seed, 415

reciprocal transplant, 83

recombination, 107

red spruce (Picea rubens), 291

reflectance spectra, 291

regeneration gene Rg-1, 761

regulation, 735, 749

reproductive isolation, 59, 71, 107, 265, 612

respiration, 819

reticulation, 121

RGR, 427

Rhizoctonia solani, 569

Rhizopogon, 313

Rhododendron, 773

rice (Oryza sativa), 35, 459

rmc, 485

root colonization, 855

root vs shoot uptake, 449

root-surface phosphomonoesterase, 279

S-adenosyl-methionine decarboxylase, 847

salicylic acid, 801

salt tolerance, 225

saprotrophic, 569

Saxifraga oppositifolia (Purple saxifrage), 211

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, 847

seed dispersal, 151

seed dormancy, 401

seedlings, 865

selection, 59, 199

selective sweep, 59

self-incompatibility, 97

semispecies, 143

sequence mismatches, 15

sequences, 17

serpentine, 199

shoot demography, 427

shoot nitrogen, 503

shoot phosphorus, 503

signal transduction, 557

signalling, 193

simulation, 703

Sinorhizobium meliloti, 855

soil DNA, 539

Southern beech, 585

soybean (Glycine max) cells, 557

Spartina, 165

spatial patterns, 303

speciation, 59, 71, 83, 91, 97, 107, 113, 133, 165, 612

spermidine synthase, 847

sphingolipid, 677

SSU sequences, 17

stage, 427

Stephanomeria, 71

stomata, 193

stomatal complexes, 613

stomatal density, 585

stratification, 415

strontium, 303

succession, 151

sucrose, 495

sucrose synthase, 495

sucrose: fructan-6-fructosyltransferase (6-SFT), 735

sucrose: sucrose-1-fructosyltransferase (1-SST), 735

sucrose transport, 393

sugar sensing, 781

Suillus bovinus, 549

symbiosis-regulated Ras-like protein, 326

symbiotic signaling, 326

synthetic theory, 11

systemic, 193

systemic signalling, 324

Tagetes erecta, 517

Tansley, 3

taxonomic misidentification, 13

temperature, 819

terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP), 503

thermal time, 415

tobacco (Nicotiana tabaccum), 193

Toluidine Blue O, 387

tomato, 761, 877

topology, 811

transgressive segregation, 225

trehalose, 749

tropical rainforest, 865

tuberculate, 313

understory communities, 827

UNIFLORA gene, 393

United States Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (JGI), 335

uptake, 303

vacuole, 435

validity, 17

Verne Grant, 8, 143

voucher material, 15

wall assembly, 641

wall loosening and tightening, 641

weighted average, 303

wild cherry, 401

woody plants, 773

xyloglucan, 641

yeast two-hybrid screens, 326

yeast two-hybrid system, 529

zeatin, 761

Zn tolerance, 549

Zn toxicity, 549

Ancillary