SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bach W. 1988. Development of climatic scenarios: from general to circulation models. In: ParryML, Carter TR, Konjin NT, eds. The impact of climatic variations on agriculture: assessment of cool and temperate regions, Vol. 1. Dortdrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 125157.
  • Benson EE, Lynch PT, Jones J. 1999. The detection of lipid peroxidation products in cryoprotected and frozen rice cells: consequences to post-thaw survival. Plant Science 85: 107114.
  • Cakmak I, Atli M, Kaya R, Evliya H, Marschner H. 1995. Association of high light and zinc deficiency in cold induced leaf chlorosis in grapefruit and mandarin trees. Journal of Plant Physiology 146: 355360.
  • Cannell MGR. 1990. Modelling the phenology of trees. Silva Genetica 15: 1127.
  • Cannell MGR, Smith RI. 1986. Climatic warming, spring budburst and frost damage on trees. Journal of Applied Ecology 23: 177191.
  • Fuchigami LH, Weiser CJ, Kobayashi K, Timmis R, Gusta LV. 1982. A degree growth stage (°GS) model and cold acclimation in temperate woody plants. In: LiPH, Sakai A, eds. Plant cold hardiness and freezing stress mechanism and crop implications, Vol. 2. New York, USA: Academic Press, 93116.
  • Gansert D. 2002. Betula ermanii, a dominant subalpine and subarctic treeline tree species in Japan: ecological traits of deciduous tree life in winter. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 34: 5764.
  • Gansert D, Backes K, Kakubari Y. 1999. Altitudinal and seasonal variation of frost resistance of Fagus crenata and Betula ermanii along the Pacific slope of Mt. Fuji, Japan. Journal of Ecology 87: 382390.
  • Häkkinen R, Linkosalo T, Hari P. 1998. Effects of dormancy and environmental factors on timing of bud burst in Betula pendula. Tree Physiology 18: 707712.
  • Hänninen H. 1991. Does climatic warming increase the risk of frost damage in northern trees? Plant, Cell & Environonment 14: 449454.
  • Hänninen H. 1995. Effects of climatic change on trees from cool and temperate regions: an ecophysiological approach to modelling of bud burst phenology. Canadian Journal of Botany 73: 183199.
  • Heide OM. 1993. Daylength and thermal time responses of budburst during dormancy release in some northern deciduous trees. Physiologia Plantarum 88: 531540.
  • Hodges DM, DeLong JM, Forney CF, Prange RK. 1999. Improving the thiobarbituric acid-reactive-substances assay for estimating lipid peroxidation from plant tissues containing anthocyanin and other interfering compounds. Planta 207: 604611.
  • Houghton JT, Ding Y, Griggs DJ, Noguer M, Van Der Linden PJ, Xiaosu D. 2001. Climate change 2001. In: The scientific basis contribution of working group I to the third assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change (IPCC). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Kullman L. 1993. Tree limit dynamics of Betula pubescens ssp. tortuosa in relation to climate variability: evidence from central Sweden. Journal of Vegetational Science 4: 764772.
  • Kullman L. 2001. 20th century climate warming and tree-limit rise in the Southern Scandes of Sweden. Ambio 30: 7280.
  • Leinonen I. 1996a. A simulation model for the annual frost hardiness and freeze damage of Scots pine. Annals of Botany 78: 687693.
  • Leinonen I. 1996b. Dependence of dormancy release on temperature in different origins of Pinus sylvestris and Betula pendula seedlings. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 11: 122128.
  • Linkosalo T, Carter TR, Häkkinen R, Hari P. 2000. Predicting spring phenology and frost damage risk of Betula spp. under climatic warming: a comparison of two models. Tree Physiology 20: 11751182.
  • Maxwell B. 1992. Arctic Climate: Potential for Change under global warming. In: ChapinFS, Shaver GR, Svoboda J, Chu EW, eds. Arctic ecosystems in changing climate an ecophysiological perspective. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, 1134.
  • Murray RD. 1995. Plant responses to carbon dioxide. American Journal of Botany 82: 690697.
  • Murray MB, Cannell MGR, Smith RI. 1989. Date of budburst of fifteen tree species in Britain following climatic warming. Journal of Applied Ecology 26: 693700.
  • Myking T, Heide O. 1995. Dormancy release and chilling requirement of buds of latitudinal ecotypes of Betula pendula and B. pubescens. Tree Physiology 15: 697704.
  • Ögren E. 2001. Effects of climatic warming on cold hardiness of some northern woody plants assessed from simulation experiments. Physiologia Plantarum 112: 7177.
  • Polle A, Kröniger W, Rennenberg H. 1996. Seasonal fluctuations of ascorbate-related enzymes: acute and delayed effects of late frost in spring on antioxidative systems in needles of Norway spruce (Picea abies L.). Plant Cell Physiology 37: 717725.
  • Pop EW, Oberbauer SF, Starr G. 2000. Predicting vegetative bud break in two arctic deciduous shrub species, Salix pulchra and Betula nana. Oecologia 124: 176184.
  • Repo T. 1992. Seasonal changes of frost hardiness in Picea abies and Pinus sylvestris. Finland. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 22: 19491957.
  • Repo T, Hänninen H, Kellomäki S. 1996. The effects of long-term elevation of air temperature and CO2 on the frost hardiness of Scots pine. Plant, Cell & Environment 19: 209216.
  • Repo T, Mäkelä A, Hänninen H. 1990. Modelling frost resistance of trees. In: JozefekH, ed. Modelling to understand forest functions. Silva Carelica 15: 6174.
  • Sakai A, Larcher W. 1987. Frost Survival of Plants. Responses and Adaptation to Freezing Stress. In: BillingsWD, Golley F, Lange OL, Olson JS, Remmert H, eds. Ecological studies 62. Berlin, Germany: Springer Verlag.
  • Skre O. 1993. Growth of Mountain Birch (Betula pubescens Ehrh.) in Response to Changing Temperature. In: AldenJ, Mastrantonio JL, Ödum S, eds. Forest development in cold climates. London, UK: Plenum Press, 6578.
  • Steponkus PL. 1990. Cold Acclimation and Freezing Injury from a Perspective of the Plasma Membrane. In: KattermanF, ed. Environmetal injury to plants. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, –16.
  • Taulavuori E, Hellström E-K, Taulavuori K, Laine K. 2001. Comparison of two methods used to analyse lipid peroxidation from Vaccinium myrtillus (L.) during snow removal, reacclimation and cold acclimation. Journal of Experimental Botany 52: 23752380.
  • Taulavuori K, Laine K, Taulavuori E, Pakonen T, Saari E. 1997a. Accelerated dehardening in the bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) induced by a small elevation in air temperature. Environmental Pollution 98: 9195.
  • Taulavuori K, Niinimaa A, Laine K, Taulavuori E, Lähdesmäki P. 1997b. Modelling frost resistance of Scots pine seedlings using temperature, daylength and pH of cell effusate. Plant Ecology 133: 181189.
  • Taulavuori E, Taulavuori K, Laine K, Saari E, Pakonen T. 1997. Winter hardening and glutathione status in the bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in response to trace gases (CO2, O3) and nitrogen fertilization. Physiologia Plantarum 101: 192189.
  • Taulavuori K, Taulavuori E, Niinimaa A, Laine K. 2001. Acceleration of frost hardening in Vaccinium vitis-ideae (L.) by nitrogen fertilization. Oecologia 127: 321323.
  • Taulavuori K, Taulavuori E, Sarjala T, Savonen E-M, Pietiläinen P, Lähdesmäki P, Laine K. 2000. In vivo chlorophyll fluorescence is not always a good indicator of cold hardiness. Journal of Plant Physiology 157: 227229.
  • Tenow O. 1996. Hazards to a mountain birch forest – Abisko perspective. Ecological Bulletin 45: 104114.
  • Wang YR, Zeng SX, Liu HX. 1995. Effect of cold hardening on SOD and glutathione reductase activities and the contents of the reduced form of glutathione and ascorbic acid in rice and cucumber seedlings. Acta Botanica Sinica 37: 776780.
  • Yang SC, Xie CT, Zhang P, Jiang XX, Liao QL, Ding YL. 2002. Effects of cold hardening on membrane lipid peroxidation and activities of cell defence enzymes in leaves of Pritchhardia gaudichaudii seedling under low temperature stress. Journal of Plant Resource and Environment 11: 2528.
  • Zalasky H. 1976. Structural changes in tissues of caragana seedlings after frost damage. Canadian Journal of Plant Science 56: 941945.
  • Zhou W, Leul M. 1998. Uniconazole-induced alleviation of freezing injury in relation to changes in hormonal balance, enzyme activities and lipid peroxidation in winter rape. Plant Growth Regulation 26: 4147.