SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anonymous. 1977. Technicon Industrial Method 334–74W/B+. Tarrytown, NY, USA: Technicon Industrial Systems.
  • Bergström R, Bergqvist G. 1997. Frequencies and patterns of browsing by large herbivores on conifer seedlings. Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research 12: 288294.
  • Chen Z, Kolb TE, Clancy KM. 2002. Effects of artificial and western spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) defoliation on growth and Biomass allocation of Douglas-Fir seedlings. Journal of Economic Entomology 95: 587594.
  • Edwards PJ, Kollmann J, Fleischmann K. 2002. Life history evolution in Lodoicea maldivica (Arecaceae). Nordic Journal of Botany 22: 227237.
  • Ekpete DM, Cornfield AH. 1964. Comparison of Kjeldahl and sulphuric acid–hydrogen peroxide methods and their salicylic acid-thiosulphate modifications for determining total nitrogen in grasses. Analyst 89: 670673.
  • Fenner M. 1985. Seed ecology. London, UK: Chapman & Hall.
  • Fenner M. 1987. Seedlings. In: RorisonIH, GrimeJP, HuntR, HendryGAF, LewisDH (eds). Frontiers of comparative plant ecology. New Phytologist 106: 3547.
  • Fenner M, Hanley ME, Lawrence R. 1999. Comparison of seedling and adult palatability in annual and perennial plants. Functional Ecology 13: 546551.
  • Grime JP. 2001. Plant strategies, vegetation processes and ecosystem properties, 2nd edn. Chichester, UK: Wiley and Sons.
  • Grubb PJ. 1977. The maintenance of species-richness in plant communities: the importance of the regeneration niche. Biology Reviews 52: 107114.
  • Hanley ME. 1998. Seedling herbivory, community composition and plant life history traits. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 1: 191205.
  • Hanley ME, Fenner M, Edwards PJ. 1995a. The effect of seedling age on the likelihood of herbivory by the slug Deroceras reticulatum. Functional Ecology 9: 754759.
  • Hanley ME, Fenner M, Edwards PJ. 1995b. An experimental field study of the effects of mollusc grazing on seedling recruitment and survival in grassland. Journal of Ecology 84: 754759.
  • Hunt R, Neal AM, Laffarga J, Montserrat-Marti G, Stockey A, Whitehouse J. 1993. Mean relative growth rate. In: HendryGAF, GrimeJP (eds). Methods in comparative plant ecology: a laboratory manual. London, UK: Chapman & Hall, 98102.
  • Kitajima K, Fenner M. 2000. Ecology of seedling regeneration. In: Fenner, M, ed. Seeds: the ecology of regeneration in plant communities. Wallingford, UK: CABI Publishing, 331359.
  • Kolb TE, Dodds KA, Clancy KM. 1999. Effect of Western spruce budworm defoliation on the physiology and growth of potted Douglas-Fir seedlings. Forest Science 45: 280291.
  • Lancashire PD, Bleiholder H, Van Den Boom T, Langelûddeke P, Stauss R, Weber E, Witzenberger A. 1991. A uniform decimal code for growth stages of crops and weeds. Annals of Applied Biology 119: 561601.
  • Rousi M, Mattson WJ, Javanainen J, Koike T, Uotila I. 1996. Growth and hare resistance of birches-testing defence theories. Oikos 77: 2030.
  • Sattin M, Satorato I. 1997. Role of seedling growth on weed-crop competition. In: PraczykT (ed.). Proceedings of the 10th EWRS Symposium, Poznan, Poland. European Weed Research Society, Poznan, Poland, 312.
  • Underwood AJ. 1997. Experiments in ecology. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Yuen SH, Pollard AG. 1954. Determination of nitrogen in agricultural materials by the Nessler Reagent. II. Micro-determinations in plant tissue and in soil extracts. Journal of Science, Food and Agriculture 5: 364369.
  • Zadoks JC, Chang TT, Konzak CF. 1974. A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals. Weed Research 14: 415421.