Pattern formation in the vascular system of monocot and dicot plant species


  • Enrico Scarpella,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Botany, University of Toronto, 25 Willcocks Street, Toronto ON, Canada M5S 3B2,
    2. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, CW405 Biological Sciences Building, Edmonton AB, Canada T6G 2E9,
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  • Annemarie H. Meijer

    1. Insitute of Biology, Leiden University, Clusius Laboratory, Wassenaarseweg 64, 2333 AL Leiden, The Netherlands
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Author for correspondence:
Enrico Scarpella Tel: +1-416-9467441/+1-780-4922869 Fax: +14169785878/+1-780-4929234 Email:



  •  Summary

  • I. Introduction
  • II. The plant vascular system
  • III. Ontogeny of the vascular tissues
  • IV. Procambium development
  • V. The organisation of the vascular tissues
  • VI. The regulation of longitudinal vascular pattern formation
  • VII. The regulation of radial vascular pattern formation
  • VIII. Genetic screens for vascular development mutants
  • IX. Genes involved in vascular development identified through reverse genetics approaches 
  • X. Conclusions and perspectives
  •  Note added at the revision stage

  •  Acknowledgements

  •  References


Plant vascular tissues are organised in continuous strands, the longitudinal and radial patterns of which are intimately linked to the signals that direct plant architecture as a whole. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms underlying vascular tissue patterning is expected to shed light on patterning events beyond those that organise the vascular system, and thus represents a central issue in plant developmental biology. A number of recent advances, reviewed here, are leading to a more precise definition of the signals that control the formation of vascular tissues and their integration into a larger organismal context.