SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Algeo TJ, Scheckler SE. 1998. Terrestrial–marine teleconnections in the Devonian: links between the evolution of land plants, weathering processes, and marine anoxic events. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Series B 353: 113130.
  • Bateman RM. 1994. Evolutionary-developmental change in the growth architecture of fossil rhizomorphic lycopsids: scenarios constructed on cladistic foundations. Biological Reviews 69: 527597.
  • Bateman RM, DiMichele WA. 1994. Saltational evolution of form in vascular plants: a neoGoldschmidtian synthesis. In: IngramDS, HudsonA, eds. Shape and form in plants and fungi. London, UK: Academic Press, 63102.
  • Bateman RM, DiMichele WA. 2002. Generating and filtering major phenotypic novelties: neoGoldschmidtian saltation revisited. In: CronkQCB, BatemanRM, HawkinsJA, eds. Developmental genetics and plant evolution. London, UK: Taylor & Francis, 109159.
  • Bateman RM, DiMichele WA, Willard DA. 1992. Experimental cladistic analysis of anatomically preserved arborescent lycopsids from the Carboniferous of Euramerica: an essay on paleobotanical phylogenetics. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 79: 500559.
  • Bateman RM, Crane PR, DiMichele WA, Kenrick P, Rowe NP, Speck T, Stein WE. 1998. Early evolution of land plants: phylogeny, physiology and ecology of the primary terrestrial radiation. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 263292.
  • Beerling DJ, Osborne CP, Chaloner WG. 2001. Evolution of leaf-form in land plants linked to atmospheric CO2 decline in the Late Palaeozoic era. Nature 410: 352354.
  • Beerling DJ, Royer DL. 2002. Reading a CO2 signal from fossil stomata. New Phytologist 153: 387397.
  • Bhalerao R, Nilsson P, Sandberg G. 2003. Out of the woods: forest biotechnology enters the genomic era. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 14: 206213.
  • Biehle G, Speck T, Spatz HC-H. 1998. Hydrodynamics and biomechanics of the submerged water moss Fontinalis antipyretica: a comparison of specimens from habitats with different flow velocities. Botanica Acta 111: 4250.
  • Böhle U-R, Hilger HH, Martin WF. 1996. Island colonisation and evolution of the insular woody habit in Echium L. (Boraginaceae). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 93: 1174011745.
  • Braam J. 1992. Regulated expression of the calmodulin-related TCH genes in cultured Arabidopsis cells: induction by calcium and heat shock. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 89: 32133216.
  • Braam J, Davis RW. 1990. Rain-, wind-, and touch-induced expression of calmodulin-related genes in Arabidopsis. Cell 60: 357364.
  • Brüchert F, Becker G, Speck T. 2000. The mechanics of Norway spruce [Picea abies (L.) Karst]: mechanical properties of standing trees from different thinning regimes. Forest Ecology and Management 135: 4562.
  • Caballé G. 1998. Le port autoportant des lianes tropicales: une synthèse des stratégies de croissance. Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 17031716.
  • Caballé G, Martin A. 2001. Thirteen years of change in trees and lianas in a Gabonese rainforest. Plant Ecology 152: 167173.
  • Chaffey N. 2002. Why is there so little research into the cell biology of the secondary vascular system of trees? New Phytologist 153: 213223.
  • Chaffey N, Cholewa E, Regan S, Sundberg B. 2001. Secondary xylem development in Arabidopsis: a model for wood formation. Physiologia Plantarum 114: 594600.
  • Civeyrel L, Rowe NP. 2001. Phylogenetic relationships of Secamonoideae based on the plastid gene matK, morphology and biomechanics. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 88: 583602.
  • Cronk QCB. 2001. Plant evolution and development in a post-genomic context. Nature Reviews Genetics 2: 607619.
  • Cronk QCB, Bateman RM, Hawkins JA, eds. 2002. Developmental genetics and plant evolution. London, UK: Taylor & Francis.
  • Crook MJ, Ennos AR. 1996. Mechanical differences between free-standing and supported wheat plants, Triticum aestivum L. Annals of Botany 77: 197202.
  • Cseke LJ, Podila GK. 2004. MADS-box genes in dioecious aspen II: a review of MADS-box genes from trees and their potential in forest biotechnology. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants 10: 728.
  • Ennos AR. 1997. Wind as an ecological factor. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12: 108111.
  • Funk VA. 1982. Systematics of Montanoa (Asteraceae: Helianthae). Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 36: 1135.
  • Gallenmüller F, Rowe NP, Speck T. 2004. Development and growth form of the neotropical liana Croton nuntians: the effect of light and mode of attachment on the biomechanics of the stem. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation. (in press.)
  • Gartner BL. 1991a. Is the climbing habit of poison oak ecotypic? Functional Ecology 5: 696704.
  • Gartner BL. 1991b. Structural stability and architecture of vines vs. shrubs of poison oak, Toxicodendron diversilobum. Ecology 72: 20052015.
  • Granados J, Korner C. 2002. In deep shade, elevated CO2 increases the vigour of tropical climbing plants. Global Change Biology 8: 11091117.
  • Greaves AJ, Buwalda JG. 1996. Observations of diurnal decline of photosynthetic gas exchange in kiwifruit and the effect of external CO2 concentration. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science 24: 361369.
  • Hegarty EE. 1991. Vine–host interactions. In: PutzFE, MooneyHA, eds. The biology of vines. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 7397.
  • Hertzberg M, Aspeborg H, Schrader J, Andersson A, Erlandsson R, Blomqvist K, Bhalerao R, Uhlén M, Teeri TT, Lundeberg J, Sundberg B, Nilsson P, Sandberg G. 2001. A transcriptional roadmap to wood formation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 98: 1473214737.
  • Hoffman B, Chabbert B, Monties B, Speck T. 2002. Mechanical, chemical and X-ray analysis of wood in the two tropical lianas Bauhinia guianensis and Condylocarpon guianense: variations during ontogeny. Planta 217: 3240.
  • Iliev EA, Xu W, Polisensky DH, Oh M-H, Torisky RS, Clouse SD, Braam J. 2002. Transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation of Arabidopsis TCH4 expression by diverse stimuli. Roles of cis regions and brassinosteroids. Plant Physiology 130: 770783.
  • Isnard S, Rowe NP, Speck T. 2003. Growth habit and mechanical architecture of the sand dune-adapted climber Clematis flammula var. maritima L. Annals of Botany 91: 407417.
  • Jaffe MJ. 1973. Thigmomorphogenesis: the response of plant growth and development to mechanical stress. Planta 114: 143157.
  • Jaffe MD, Leopold AC, Staples RC. 2002. Thigmo responses in plants and fungi. American Journal of Botany 89: 375382.
  • Johnson KA, Sistrunk ML, Polisensky DH, Braam J. 1998. Arabidopsis thaliana responses to mechanical stimulation do not require ETR1 or EIN2. Plant Physiology 116: 643649.
  • Kellog EA. 2002. Are macroevolution and microevolution qualitatively different? Evidence from Poaceae and other families. In: CronkQCB, BatemanRM, HawkinsJA, eds. Developmental genetics and plant evolution. London, UK: Taylor and Francis, 7084.
  • Kenrick P. 2001. Turning over a new leaf. Nature 410: 309310.
  • Kirst M, Johnson AF, Baucom C, Ulrich E, Hubbard K, Staggs R, Paule C, Retzel E, Whetten R, Sederoff R. 2003. Apparent homology of expressed genes from wood-forming tissues of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) with Arabidopsis thaliana. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 100: 73837388.
  • McElwain JC. 1998. Do fossil plants signal palaeoatmospheric CO2 concentration in the geological past. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Series B 353: 8396.
  • McElwain JC, Beerling DJ, Woodward FI. 1999. Fossil plants and global warming at the Triassic–Jurassic boundary. Science 285: 13861390.
  • McKinney ML. 2001. Selectivity during extinction. In: BriggsDEG, CrowtherPR, eds. Palaeobiology II. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science, 198202.
  • Niklas KJ. 1990. Biomechanics of Psilotum nudum and some early Palaeozoic sporophytes. American Journal of Botany 77: 590606.
  • Niklas KJ. 1998. A statistical approach to biological factors of safety: bending and shearing in Psilotum axes. Annals of Botany 82: 177187.
  • Niklas KJ. 1999. The mechanical stability of vertical stems. In: KurmannMH, HemsleyAR, eds. The evolution of plant architecture. Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, 377397.
  • Niklas KJ, Speck T. 2001. Evolutionary trends in safety factors against wind-induced stem failure. American Journal of Botany 88: 12661278.
  • Osborne CP, Chaloner WG, Beerling DJ. 2003. Falling atmospheric CO2– the key to megaphyll leaf origins. In: PooleI, HemsleyAR, eds. The evolution of plant physiology. Kew, UK: Elsevier Academic Press, 197215.
  • Phillips OL, Martínez RV, Arroyo L, Baker TR, Killeen T, Lewis SL, Malhi Y, Mendoza AM, Neill D, Vargas PN, Alexiades M, Cerón C, DiFiore AE, Rwin T, Jardim A, Palacios W, Saldias M, Vinceti B. 2002. Increasing dominance of large lianas in Amazonian forests. Nature 418: 770774.
  • Pigliucci M. 2002. Touchy and bushy: phenotypic plasticity and integration in response to wind stimulation in Arabidopsis thaliana. International Journal of Plant Science 163: 399408.
  • Poole I, Kürschner WM. 1999. Stomatal density and index: the practice. In: JonesTP, RoweNP, eds. Fossil plants and spores: modern techniques. London, UK: Geological Society, 257260.
  • Pruyn ML, Ewers FW, Telewski FW. 2000. Thigmomorphogenesis: changes in the morphology and mechanical properties of two Populus hybrids in response to mechanical perturbation. Tree Physiology 20: 535540.
  • Putz FE, Holbrook NM. 1991. Biomechanical studies of vines. In: PutzFE, MooneyHA, eds. The biology of vines. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 7397.
  • Putz FE, Parker GG, Archibald RM. 1984. Mechanical abrasion and intercrown spacing. The American Midland Naturalist 112: 2428.
  • Ross SE, Callaghan TV, Ennos AR, Sheffield E. 1998. Mechanics and growth form of the moss Hylocomium splendens. Annals of Botany 82: 787793.
  • Rowe NP. 2000. The insides and outsides of plants: the long and chequered evolution of secondary growth. In: SpatzH-C, SpeckT, eds. Plant biomechanics 2000, proceedings of the 3rd Plant Biomechanics Conference. Freiburg-Badenweiler, Germany: Georg Thieme Verlag, 129140.
  • Rowe NP, Speck T. 1996. Biomechanical characteristics of the ontogeny and growth habit of the tropical liana Condylocarpon guianense (Apocynaceae). International Journal of Plant Science 157: 406417.
  • Rowe NP, Speck T. 2003. Hydraulics and mechanics of plants: novelty, innovation and evolution. In: PooleI, HemsleyAR, eds. The evolution of plant physiology. Kew, UK: Elsevier Academic Press, 297325.
  • Royer DL. 2001. Stomatal density and stomatal index as indicators of palaeoatmospheric CO2 concentration. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 114: 128.
  • Schnitzer SA, Bongers F. 2002. The ecology of lianas and their role in forests. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 223230.
  • Speck T, Rowe NP. 1994. Biomechanical analysis of Pitus dayi: Early seed plant vegetative morphology and its implications on growth habit. Journal of Plant Research 107: 443460.
  • Speck T, Rowe NP. 1999. A quantitative approach for analytically defining growth form and habit in living and fossil plants. In: KurmannMH, HemsleyAR, eds. The evolution of plant architecture. Kew, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens, 447479.
  • Speck T, Rowe NP. 2003. Modelling primary and secondary growth processes in plants: a summary of the methodology and new data on an early lignophyte. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B – Biology 358: 14731485.
  • Speck T, Rowe NP, Civeyrel L, Classen-Bockhoff R, Neinhuis C, Spatz H-C. 2003. The potential of plant biomechanics in functional biology and systematics. In: StuessyTF, MayerV, HörandlE, eds. Deep morphology: toward a renaissance of morphology in plant systematics. Königstein, Germany: Koeltz, 241271.
  • Telewski FW, Jaffe MD. 1986. Thigmomorphogenesis: the role of ethylene in the response of Pinus taeda and Abies fraseri to mechanical perturbation. Physiologia Plantarum 66: 227233.
  • Wainwright SA, Biggs WD, Currey JD, Gosline JM. 1976. Mechanical design in organisms. New York, NY, USA: John Wiley.
  • Woodward FI. 1987. Stomatal numbers are sensitive to increases in CO2 from pre-industrial levels. Nature 327: 616617.
  • Woodward FI, Lake JA, Quick WP. 2002. Stomatal development and CO2: ecological consequences. New Phytologist 153: 477484.
  • Wright SJ, Calderón O, Hernandéz A, Paton S. 2004. Are lianas increasing in importance in tropical forests? a 17 year record from Panama. Ecology 85: 484489.