SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abuzinadah RA, Read DJ. 1986. The role of proteins in the nitrogen nutrition of ectomycorrhizal plants. I. Utilization of peptides and proteins by ectomycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 103: 481493.
  • Agerer R. 2001. Exploration types of ectomycorrhizae. Mycorrhiza 11: 107114.
  • Arnebrant K. 1994. Nitrogen amendments reduce the growth of extramatrical ectomycorrhizal mycelium. Mycorrhiza 5: 715.
  • Chen DM, Cairney JWG. 2002. Investigation of the influence of prescribed burning on ITS profiles of ectomycorrhizal and other soil fungi at three Australian sclerophyll forest sites. Mycological Research 106: 532540.
  • Coleman MD, Bledsoe CS, Lopushinsky W. 1989. Pure culture response of ectomycorrhizal fungi to imposed water stress. Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 2939.
  • Colwell RK. 2000. estimateS: Statistical Estimation of Species Richness and Shared Species from Samples, version 6.0b1, User's Guide and application. http://viceroy.eeb.uconn.edu/estimates
  • Dahlberg A. 2001. Community ecology of ectomycorrhizal fungi: an advancing interdisciplinary field. New Phytologist 150: 555562.
  • Dahlberg A, Jonsson L, Nylund J-E. 1997. Species diversity and distribution of biomass above and below ground among ectomycorrhizal fungi in an old-growth Norway spruce forest in south Sweden. Canadian Journal of Botany 75: 13231335.
  • Danielson RM. 1984. Ectomycorrhizal associations in jack pine stands in northeastern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Botany 62: 932939.
  • Dickie IA, Koide RT, Stevens CM. 1998. Tissue density and growth response of ectomycorrhizal fungi to nitrogen source and concentration. Mycorrhiza 8: 145148.
  • Dickie IA, Xu B, Koide RT. 2002. Vertical niche differentiation of ectomycorrhizal hyphae in soil as shown by T-RFLP analysis. New Phytologist 156: 527535.
  • Duddridge JA, Malibari A, Read DJ. 1980. Structure and function of mycorrhizal rhizomorphs with special reference to their role in water transport. Nature 287: 834846.
  • Gardes M, Bruns TD. 1993. ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes – application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2: 113118.
  • Gardes M, Bruns TD. 1996. Community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Pinus muricata forest: above- and below-ground views. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 15721583.
  • Gehring CA, Theimer TC, Whitham TG, Keim P. 1998. Ectomycorrhizal fungal community structure of pinyon pines growing in two environmental extremes. Ecology 79: 15621572.
  • Gotelli NH, Entsminger GL. 2001. EcoSim: Null Models Software for Ecology. Version 7.44. Burlington, VT, USA: Acquired Intelligence Inc. & Kesey-Bear. http://www.garyentsminger.com/ecosim/index.htm
  • Grogan P, Baar J, Bruns TD. 2000. Below-ground ectomycorrhizal community structure in a recently burned bishop pine forest. Journal of Ecology 88: 10511062.
  • Hobbie EA, Weber NS, Trappe JM, Van Klinken GJ. 2002. Using radiocarbon to determine the mycorrhizal status of fungi. New Phytologist 156: 129136.
  • Horton TR, Bruns TD. 2001. The molecular revolution in ectomycorrhizal ecology: peeking into the black-box. Molecular Ecology 10: 18551871.
  • Hurlbert SH. 1971. The nonconcept of species diversity: a critique and alternative parameters. Ecology 52: 577585.
  • Jonsson L, Dahlberg A, Nilsson M-C, Kårén O, Zackrisson O. 1999a. Continuity of ectomycorrhizal fungi in self-regenerating boreal Pinus sylvestris forests studied by comparing mycobiont diversity on seedlings and mature trees. New Phytologist 142: 151162.
  • Jonsson L, Dahlberg A, Nilsson M-C, Kårén O, Zackrisson O. 1999b. Ectomycorrhizal fungal communities in late-successional Swedish boreal forests and their composition following wildfire. Molecular Ecology 8: 205215.
  • Kårén O, Nylund J-E. 1996. Effects of N-free fertilization on ectomycorrhiza community structure in Norway spruce stands in southern Sweden. Plant and Soil 181: 295305.
  • Kårén O, Nylund J-E. 1997. Effects of ammonium sulphate on the community structure and biomass of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Norway spruce stand in southwestern Sweden. Canadian Journal of Botany 75: 16281642.
  • Keller G. 1996. Utilization of inorganic and organic nitrogen sources by high-subalpine ectomycorrhizal fungi of Pinus cembra in pure culture. Mycological Research 100: 989998.
  • Koide RT, Wu T. 2003. Ectomycorrhizas and retarded decomposition in a Pinus resinosa plantation. New Phytologist 158: 401407.
  • Kreader CA. 1996. Relief of amplification inhibition in PCR with bovine serum albumin or T4 gene 32 protein. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 62: 11021106.
  • Krebs CJ. 1999. Ecological Methodology. Menlo Park, CA, USA: Addison-Wesley Longman.
  • Landeweert R, Leeflang P, Kuyper TW, Hoffland E, Rosling A, Wernars K, Smit E. 2003. Molecular identification of ectomycorrhizal mycelium in soil horizons. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 69: 327333.
  • Landeweert R, Leeflang P, Smit E, Kuyper TW. 2005. Diversity of an ectomycorrhizal fungal community studied by a root tip and total soil DNA approach. Mycorrhiza. (In press).
  • Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological Diversity and its Measurement. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
  • Mahmood S, Finlay RD, Erland S. 1999. Effects of repeated harvesting of forest residues on the ectomycorrhizal community in a Swedish spruce forest. New Phytologist 142: 577585.
  • Read DJ. 1991. Mycorrhizas in ecosystems. Experientia 47: 376391.
  • Rousseau JVD, Sylvia DM, Fox AJ. 1994. Contribution of ectomycorrhizae to the potential nutrient-absorbing surface area of pine. New Phytologist 128: 639644.
  • Roux KH. 1995. Optimization and troubleshooting in PCR. PCR Methods and Applications 4: S185S194.
  • Smith SE, Read DJ. 1997. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis, 2nd edn. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press.
  • Stendell ER, Horton TR, Bruns TD. 1999. Early effects of prescribed fire on the structure of the ectomycorrhizal fungus community in a Sierra Nevada ponderosa pine forest. Mycological Research 103: 13531359.
  • Taylor AFS. 2002. Fungal diversity in ectomycorrhizal communities: sampling effort and species detection. Plant and Soil 244: 1928.
  • Vogt KA, Blomfield J, Ammirati JF, Ammirati SR. 1992. Sporocarp production by basidiomycetes with emphasis on forest ecosystems. In: CarrollGC, WicklowDT, eds. The Fungal Community, its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem. New York, NY, USA: Marcel Dekker, 563581.
  • Watson RJ, Blackwell B. 2000. Purification and characterization of a common soil component which inhibits the polymerase chain reaction. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 46: 633642.