Detection of plot-level changes in ectomycorrhizal communities across years in an old-growth mixed-conifer forest
Version of Record online: 8 FEB 2005
Volume 166, Issue 2, pages 619–630, May 2005
How to Cite
Izzo, A., Agbowo, J. and Bruns, T. D. (2005), Detection of plot-level changes in ectomycorrhizal communities across years in an old-growth mixed-conifer forest. New Phytologist, 166: 619–630. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01354.x
- Issue online: 8 FEB 2005
- Version of Record online: 8 FEB 2005
- Received: 31 August 2004 Accepted: 6 December 2004
- 1997. Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST – a new generation of protein database search programs. Nucleic Acids Research 25: 3389–3402. , , , , , , .
- 1995. Thoughts on the processes that maintain local species diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Plant and Soil 170: 63–73. .
- 2001. The R package for multivariate and spatial analysis, Version 4.0. – User's Manual. Montreal, Canada: University of Montreal. , .
- 2000. Ectomycorrhizal specificity patterns in a mixed Pinus contorta and Picea engelmannii forest in Yellowstone National Park. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 66: 4988–4991. , , , .
- 2002. Vertical niche differentiation of ectomycorrhizal hyphae in soil as shown by T-RFLP analysis. New Phytologist 156: 527–535. , , .
- 2003. Influence of drying-rewetting frequency on soil bacterial community structure. Microbial Ecology 45: 63–71. , , .
- 1984. Effects of soil trenching and coring on the formation of ectomycorrhizas on birch seedlings grown around mature trees. New Phytologist 98: 143–153. .
- 1993. ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes – application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2: 113–118. , .
- 1996. Community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Pinus muricata forest: Above- and below-ground views. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 1572–1583. , .
- 2001. The age of fine-root carbon in three forests of the eastern United States measured by radiocarbon. Oecologia 129: 420–429. , , , , , .
- 1998. Ectomycorrhizal fungal community structure of pinyon pines growing in two environmental extremes. Ecology 79: 1562–1572. , , , .
- 2000. Global patterns of root turnover for terrestrial ecosystems. New Phytologist 147: 13–31. , .
- 2002. Soil compaction effects on growth of young ponderosa pine following litter removal in California's Sierra Nevada. Soil Science 66: 1334–1343. , , , .
- 1978. Seasonal distribution of ectomycorrhizae in mature Douglas-fir/Larch forest soil in Western Montana. Forest Science 24: 203–208. , , .
- 1992. The demography of fine roots in a northern hardwood forest. Ecology 73: 1094–1104. , .
- 1996. Temporal and depth-related patterns of fine root dynamics in northern hardwood forests. Journal of Ecology 84: 167–176. , .
- 2002. Molecular approaches to ectomycorrhizal diversity studies: Variation in ITS at a local scale. Plant and Soil 244: 29–39. .
- 1998. Multiple-host fungi are the most frequent and abundant ectomycorrhizal types in a mixed stand of Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and bishop pine (Pinus muricata). New Phytologist 139: 331–339. , .
- 2001. The molecular revolution in ectomycorrhizal ecology: Peeking into the black-box. Molecular Ecology 10: 1855–1871. , .
- 1999. Ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with Arctostaphylos contribute to Pseudotsuga menziesii establishment. Canadian Journal of Botany 77: 93–102. , , .
- 2000. Spatiotemporal distribution of an ectomycorrhizal community in an oligotrophic Swedish Picea abies forest subjected to experimental nitrogen addition: Above- and below-ground views. Forest Ecology and Management 132: 143–156. , , .
- 1999. Continuity of ectomycorrhizal fungi in self-regenerating boreal Pinus sylvestris forests studied by comparing mycobiont diversity on seedlings and mature trees. New Phytologist 142: 151–162. , , , , .
- 1999. Ectomycorrhizal fungi in Lyman Lake Basin: a comparison between primary and secondary successional sites. Mycologia 91: 575–582. , , .
- 1997. Inter- and intraspecific variation in the ITS region of rDNA of ectomycorrhizal fungi in Fennoscandia as detected by endonuclease analysis. New Phytologist 136: 313–325. , , , , .
- 2003. There is high potential for the formation of common mycorrhizal networks between understorey and canopy trees in a mixed evergreen forest. Journal of Ecology 91: 1071–1080. , , .
- 1998. Numerical Ecology. Elsevier. , .
- 2004. Detection of forest stand-level spatial structure in ectomycorrhizal fungal communities. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 49: 319–332. , , , , .
- 1988. Ecological Diversity and its Measurement. London, UK: Croom-Helm. .
- 1987. Fruiting and successions of ectomycorrhizal fungi. In: PeggGF, AyresPG, eds. Fungal Infection in Plants. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 253–268. , , , , , .
- 1998. Spatiotemporal distribution of fruitbodies of ectomycorrhizal fungi in an Abies firma forest. Mycorrhiza 8: 131–138. , .
- 1999. PC-ORD, Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data. Gleneden Beach, OR, USA: MJM Software Design. , .
- 1992. Ecology of ectomycorrhizal-basidiomycete communities on a local vegetation gradient. Ecology 73: 99–117. , .
- 2002. Vegetation and ecological characteristics of mixed-conifer and red-fir forests at the Teakettle Experimental Forest. USDA Forest Service General Techical Report, PSW-GTR-186. , , , , , , , , , , , , , , .
- 1983. The role of ectomycorrhizas in drought tolerance of Douglas-fir seedlings. New Phytology 94: 83–95. , , .
- 1992. Mycorrhizal fungi in mixed-species forests and other tales of positive feedback, redundancy and stability. In: CannelMGR, MalcolmDC, RobertsonPA, eds. The Ecology of Mixed-Species Stands of Trees. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific, 151–79. , , .
- 1989. Ectomycorrhizal mediation of competition between coniferous tree species. New Phytologist 112: 501–512. , , , , .
- 2001. Above- and below-ground community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi in three Norway spruce (Picea abies) stands in Switzerland. Canadian Journal of Botany 79: 1134–1151. , , , .
- 1982. Survival of mycorrhiza formed by Cenococcum geophilum Fr. in dry soils. New Phytologist 92: 513–517. .
- 2002. Towards ecological relevance – progress and pitfalls in the path towards an understanding of mycorrhizal functions in nature. In: Heijden M. v. D., Sanders I., eds. Mycorrhizal Ecology, Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 157. .
- 2001. Small genets of Lactarius xanthogalactus, Russula cremoricolor and Amanita francheti in late-stage ectomycorrhizal successions. Molecular Ecology 10: 1025–1034. , , , .
- 2003. Vertical distribution of ectomycorrhizal fungal taxa in a podzol soil profile. New Phytologist 159: 775–783. , , , , , , .
- 2000. Effects of various forestry operations on the fungal flora of fir woods: First results. Czech Mycology 52: 209–218. , , , .
- 1997. Effects of soil trenching on occurrence of ectomycorrhizas on Pseudotsuga menziesii seedlings grown in mature forests of Betula papyrifera and Pseudotsuga menziesii. New Phytologist 136: 327–340. , , , .
- 1997. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. London, UK: Academic Press, Inc. , .
- 1998. Temporal variation in temperature and rainfall differentially affects ectomycorrhizal colonization at two contrasting sites. New Phytologist 139: 733–739. , , , , , .
- 2002. paup: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods) Sunderland, MA, USA: Sinauer Associates. .
- 1991. Universal primers for amplification of three non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA. Plant Molecular Biology 17: 1105–1109. , , , .
- 2002. Fungal diversity in ectomycorrhizal communities: Sampling effort and species detection. Plant and Soil 244: 19–28. .
- 2003. Fine scale distribution of ectomycorrhizal fungi and roots across substrate layers including coarse woody debris in a mixed forest. New Phytologist 159: 153–165. , , , .
- 2004. Species-specific measurements of ectomycorrhizal turnover under N-fertilization: combining isotopic and genetic approaches. Oecologia 138: 419–425. , , , .
- 1990. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: InnisMA, GelfandDH, SninskyJJ, WhiteTJ, eds. PCR Protocols – a Guide to Methods and Applications. New York, USA: Academic Press, 315–322. , , , .
- 2002. Subterranean community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi under Suillus grevillei sporocarps in a Larix kaempferi forest. New Phytologist 154: 529–539. , .
- 2001. Spatial distribution of the subterranean mycelia and ectomycorrhizae of Suillus grevillei genets. Journal of Plant Research 114: 179–185. , , , .