SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Altschul SF, Madden TL, Schaffer AA, Zhang JH, Zhang Z, Miller W, Lipman DJ. 1997. Gapped BLAST and PSI-BLAST – a new generation of protein database search programs. Nucleic Acids Research 25: 33893402.
  • Bruns TD. 1995. Thoughts on the processes that maintain local species diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi. Plant and Soil 170: 6373.
  • Casgrain P, Legendre P. 2001. The R package for multivariate and spatial analysis, Version 4.0. – User's Manual. Montreal, Canada: University of Montreal.
  • Cullings KW, Vogler DR, Parker VT, Finley SK. 2000. Ectomycorrhizal specificity patterns in a mixed Pinus contorta and Picea engelmannii forest in Yellowstone National Park. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 66: 49884991.
  • Dickie IA, Xu B, Koide RT. 2002. Vertical niche differentiation of ectomycorrhizal hyphae in soil as shown by T-RFLP analysis. New Phytologist 156: 527535.
  • Fierer N, Schimel JP, Holden PA. 2003. Influence of drying-rewetting frequency on soil bacterial community structure. Microbial Ecology 45: 6371.
  • Fleming LV. 1984. Effects of soil trenching and coring on the formation of ectomycorrhizas on birch seedlings grown around mature trees. New Phytologist 98: 143153.
  • Gardes M, Bruns TD. 1993. ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes – application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2: 113118.
  • Gardes M, Bruns TD. 1996. Community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi in a Pinus muricata forest: Above- and below-ground views. Canadian Journal of Botany 74: 15721583.
  • Gaudinski JB, Trumbore SE, Davidson EA, Cook AC, Markewitz D, Richter DD. 2001. The age of fine-root carbon in three forests of the eastern United States measured by radiocarbon. Oecologia 129: 420429.
  • Gehring CA, Theimer TC, Whitham TG, Kiem P. 1998. Ectomycorrhizal fungal community structure of pinyon pines growing in two environmental extremes. Ecology 79: 15621572.
  • Gill RA, Jackson RB. 2000. Global patterns of root turnover for terrestrial ecosystems. New Phytologist 147: 1331.
  • Gomez A, Powers RF, Singer MJ, Horwath WR. 2002. Soil compaction effects on growth of young ponderosa pine following litter removal in California's Sierra Nevada. Soil Science 66: 13341343.
  • Harvey AE, Jurgensen MF, Larsen MJ. 1978. Seasonal distribution of ectomycorrhizae in mature Douglas-fir/Larch forest soil in Western Montana. Forest Science 24: 203208.
  • Hendrick R, Pregitzer K. 1992. The demography of fine roots in a northern hardwood forest. Ecology 73: 10941104.
  • Hendrick RL, Pregitzer KS. 1996. Temporal and depth-related patterns of fine root dynamics in northern hardwood forests. Journal of Ecology 84: 167176.
  • Horton TR. 2002. Molecular approaches to ectomycorrhizal diversity studies: Variation in ITS at a local scale. Plant and Soil 244: 2939.
  • Horton TR, Bruns TD. 1998. Multiple-host fungi are the most frequent and abundant ectomycorrhizal types in a mixed stand of Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and bishop pine (Pinus muricata). New Phytologist 139: 331339.
  • Horton TR, Bruns TD. 2001. The molecular revolution in ectomycorrhizal ecology: Peeking into the black-box. Molecular Ecology 10: 18551871.
  • Horton TR, Bruns TD, Parker VT. 1999. Ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with Arctostaphylos contribute to Pseudotsuga menziesii establishment. Canadian Journal of Botany 77: 93102.
  • Jonsson L, Anders D, Tor-Erik B. 2000. Spatiotemporal distribution of an ectomycorrhizal community in an oligotrophic Swedish Picea abies forest subjected to experimental nitrogen addition: Above- and below-ground views. Forest Ecology and Management 132: 143156.
  • Jonsson L, Dahlberg A, Nilsson MC, Kåren O, Zackrisson O. 1999. Continuity of ectomycorrhizal fungi in self-regenerating boreal Pinus sylvestris forests studied by comparing mycobiont diversity on seedlings and mature trees. New Phytologist 142: 151162.
  • Jumpponen A, Trappe JM, Cazares E. 1999. Ectomycorrhizal fungi in Lyman Lake Basin: a comparison between primary and secondary successional sites. Mycologia 91: 575582.
  • Kåren O, Hogberg N, Dahlberg A, Jonsson L, Nylund J-E. 1997. Inter- and intraspecific variation in the ITS region of rDNA of ectomycorrhizal fungi in Fennoscandia as detected by endonuclease analysis. New Phytologist 136: 313325.
  • Kennedy PG, Izzo AD, Bruns TD. 2003. There is high potential for the formation of common mycorrhizal networks between understorey and canopy trees in a mixed evergreen forest. Journal of Ecology 91: 10711080.
  • Legendre P, Legendre L. 1998. Numerical Ecology. Elsevier.
  • Lilleskov E, Bruns T, Horton T, Taylor D, Grogan P. 2004. Detection of forest stand-level spatial structure in ectomycorrhizal fungal communities. FEMS Microbiology Ecology 49: 319332.
  • Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological Diversity and its Measurement. London, UK: Croom-Helm.
  • Mason PA, Last FT, Wilson J, Deacon JW, Fleming LV, Fox FM. 1987. Fruiting and successions of ectomycorrhizal fungi. In: PeggGF, AyresPG, eds. Fungal Infection in Plants. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 253268.
  • Matsuda Y, Hijii N. 1998. Spatiotemporal distribution of fruitbodies of ectomycorrhizal fungi in an Abies firma forest. Mycorrhiza 8: 131138.
  • McCune B, Medford M. 1999. PC-ORD, Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Data. Gleneden Beach, OR, USA: MJM Software Design.
  • Nantel P, Neumann P. 1992. Ecology of ectomycorrhizal-basidiomycete communities on a local vegetation gradient. Ecology 73: 99117.
  • North M, Oakley B, Chen J, Erickson H, Gray A, Izzo A, Johnson D, Ma S, Marra J, Meyer M, Purcell K, Rambo T, Roath B, Rizzo D, Schowalter T. 2002. Vegetation and ecological characteristics of mixed-conifer and red-fir forests at the Teakettle Experimental Forest. USDA Forest Service General Techical Report, PSW-GTR-186.
  • Parke JL, Linderman RG, Black CH. 1983. The role of ectomycorrhizas in drought tolerance of Douglas-fir seedlings. New Phytology 94: 8395.
  • Perry DA, Bell T, Amaranthus MP. 1992. Mycorrhizal fungi in mixed-species forests and other tales of positive feedback, redundancy and stability. In: CannelMGR, MalcolmDC, RobertsonPA, eds. The Ecology of Mixed-Species Stands of Trees. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific, 15179.
  • Perry DA, Margolis H, Choquette C, Molina R, Trappe JM. 1989. Ectomycorrhizal mediation of competition between coniferous tree species. New Phytologist 112: 501512.
  • Peter M, Ayer F, Egli S, Honegger R. 2001. Above- and below-ground community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi in three Norway spruce (Picea abies) stands in Switzerland. Canadian Journal of Botany 79: 11341151.
  • Pigott C. 1982. Survival of mycorrhiza formed by Cenococcum geophilum Fr. in dry soils. New Phytologist 92: 513517.
  • Read D. 2002. Towards ecological relevance – progress and pitfalls in the path towards an understanding of mycorrhizal functions in nature. In: Heijden M. v. D., Sanders I., eds. Mycorrhizal Ecology, Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 157.
  • Redecker D, Szaro TM, Bowman RJ, Bruns TD. 2001. Small genets of Lactarius xanthogalactus, Russula cremoricolor and Amanita francheti in late-stage ectomycorrhizal successions. Molecular Ecology 10: 10251034.
  • Rosling A, Landeweert R, Lindahl BD, Larsson KH, Kuyper TW, Taylor AFS, Finlay RD. 2003. Vertical distribution of ectomycorrhizal fungal taxa in a podzol soil profile. New Phytologist 159: 775783.
  • Salerni E, Lagana A, Perini C, De Dominicis V. 2000. Effects of various forestry operations on the fungal flora of fir woods: First results. Czech Mycology 52: 209218.
  • Simard SW, Perry DA, Smith JE, Molina R. 1997. Effects of soil trenching on occurrence of ectomycorrhizas on Pseudotsuga menziesii seedlings grown in mature forests of Betula papyrifera and Pseudotsuga menziesii. New Phytologist 136: 327340.
  • Smith S, Read D. 1997. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. London, UK: Academic Press, Inc.
  • Swaty RL, Gehring CA, Van Ert M, Theimer TC, Keim P, Whitham TG. 1998. Temporal variation in temperature and rainfall differentially affects ectomycorrhizal colonization at two contrasting sites. New Phytologist 139: 733739.
  • Swofford DL. 2002. paup: Phylogenetic Analysis Using Parsimony (*and Other Methods) Sunderland, MA, USA: Sinauer Associates.
  • Taberlet P, Gielly L, Pautou G, Bouvet J. 1991. Universal primers for amplification of three non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA. Plant Molecular Biology 17: 11051109.
  • Taylor AFS. 2002. Fungal diversity in ectomycorrhizal communities: Sampling effort and species detection. Plant and Soil 244: 1928.
  • Tedersoo L, Koljalg U, Hallenberg N, Larsson KH. 2003. Fine scale distribution of ectomycorrhizal fungi and roots across substrate layers including coarse woody debris in a mixed forest. New Phytologist 159: 153165.
  • Treseder K, Masiello C, Lansing J, Allen M. 2004. Species-specific measurements of ectomycorrhizal turnover under N-fertilization: combining isotopic and genetic approaches. Oecologia 138: 419425.
  • White TJ, Bruns TD, Lee SB, Taylor JW. 1990. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. In: InnisMA, GelfandDH, SninskyJJ, WhiteTJ, eds. PCR Protocols – a Guide to Methods and Applications. New York, USA: Academic Press, 315322.
  • Zhou Z, Hogetsu T. 2002. Subterranean community structure of ectomycorrhizal fungi under Suillus grevillei sporocarps in a Larix kaempferi forest. New Phytologist 154: 529539.
  • Zhou ZH, Miwa M, Matsuda Y, Hogetsu T. 2001. Spatial distribution of the subterranean mycelia and ectomycorrhizae of Suillus grevillei genets. Journal of Plant Research 114: 179185.