The transcriptome of Populus in elevated CO2
Article first published online: 11 MAY 2005
Volume 167, Issue 1, pages 143–154, July 2005
How to Cite
Taylor, G., Street, N. R., Tricker, P. J., Sjödin, A., Graham, L., Skogström, O., Calfapietra, C., Scarascia-Mugnozza, G. and Jansson, S. (2005), The transcriptome of Populus in elevated CO2. New Phytologist, 167: 143–154. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2005.01450.x
- Issue published online: 11 MAY 2005
- Article first published online: 11 MAY 2005
- Received: 7 March 2005 Accepted: 11 March 2005
- elevated [CO2];
- FACE (free-air CO2 enrichment);
- gene expression;
- leaf development;
- • The consequences of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide for long-term adaptation of forest ecosystems remain uncertain, with virtually no studies undertaken at the genetic level. A global analysis using cDNA microarrays was conducted following 6 yr exposure of Populus × euramericana (clone I-214) to elevated [CO2] in a FACE (free-air CO2 enrichment) experiment.
- • Gene expression was sensitive to elevated [CO2] but the response depended on the developmental age of the leaves, and < 50 transcripts differed significantly between different CO2 environments. For young leaves most differentially expressed genes were upregulated in elevated [CO2], while in semimature leaves most were downregulated in elevated [CO2].
- • For transcripts related only to the small subunit of Rubisco, upregulation in LPI 3 and downregulation in LPI 6 leaves in elevated CO2 was confirmed by anova. Similar patterns of gene expression for young leaves were also confirmed independently across year 3 and year 6 microarray data, and using real-time RT–PCR.
- • This study provides the first clues to the long-term genetic expression changes that may occur during long-term plant response to elevated CO2.