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Epigenetics and plant evolution

Authors

  • Ryan A. Rapp,

    1. Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
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  • Jonathan F. Wendel

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA
      Author for correspondence: Jonathan F. Wendel Tel: +1 515 294 7172 Fax: +1 515 294 1337 Email: jfw@iastate.edu
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Author for correspondence: Jonathan F. Wendel Tel: +1 515 294 7172 Fax: +1 515 294 1337 Email: jfw@iastate.edu

Summary

A fundamental precept of evolutionary biology is that natural selection acts on phenotypes determined by DNA sequence variation within natural populations. Recent advances in our understanding of gene regulation, however, have elucidated a spectrum of epigenetic molecular phenomena capable of altering the temporal, spatial, and abundance patterns of gene expression. These modifications may have morphological, physiological, and ecological consequences, and are heritable across generations, suggesting they are important in evolution. A corollary is that genetic variation per se is not always a prerequisite to evolutionary change. Here, we provide an introduction to epigenetic mechanisms in plants, and highlight some of the empirical studies illustrative of the possible connections between evolution and epigenetically mediated alterations in gene expression and morphology.

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