SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ågren J. 1996. Population size, pollinator limitation, and seed set in the self-incompatible herb Lythrum salicaria. Ecology 77: 17791790.
  • Alexandersson R, Ågren J. 1996. Population size, pollinator visitation and fruit production in the deceptive orchid Calypso bulbosa. Oecologia 107: 533540.
  • Ashman TL, Morgan MT. 2004. Explaining phenotypic selection on plant attractive characters: male function, gender balance or ecological context? Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B – Biological Sciences 271: 553559.
  • Ashman TL, Knight TM, Steets JA, Amarasekare P, Burd M, Campbell DR, Dudash MR, Johnston MO, Mazer SJ, Mitchell RJ, Morgan MT, Wilson WG. 2004. Pollen limitation of plant reproduction: ecological and evolutionary causes and consequences. Ecology 85: 24082421.
  • Baker AM, Barrett SCH, Thompson JD. 2000. Variation of pollen limitation in the early flowering Mediterranean geophyte Narcissus assoanus (Amaryllidaceae). Oecologia 124: 529535.
  • Baker K, Richards AJ, Tremayne M. 1994. Fitness constraints on flower number, seed number and seed size in the dimorphic species Primula farinosa L. and Armeria maritima (Miller) Willd. New Phytologist 128: 563570.
  • Burd M. 1994. Bateman's principle and plant reproduction: the role of pollen limitation in fruit and seed set. Botanical Review 60: 83139.
  • Campbell DR. 1987. Interpopulational variation in fruit production – the role of pollination-limitation in the Olympic mountains. American Journal of Botany 74: 269273.
  • Caruso CM. 2000. Competition for pollination influences selection on floral traits of Ipomopsis aggregata. Evolution 54: 15461557.
  • Caruso CM, Peterson SB, Ridley CE. 2003. Natural selection on floral traits of Lobelia (Lobeliaceae): spatial and temporal variation. American Journal of Botany 90: 13331340.
  • Crawley MJ. 2002. Statistical Computing: An Introduction to Data Analysis Using s-plus. Chichester, UK: Wiley.
  • Dieringer G. 1992. Pollinator limitation in populations of Agalinis strictifolia (Scrophulariaceae). Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 119: 131136.
  • Dudash MR, Fenster CB. 1997. Multiyear study of pollen limitation and cost of reproduction in the iteroparous Silene virginica. Ecology 78: 484493.
  • Dukas R. 2001. Effects of perceived danger on flower choice by bees. Ecology Letters 4: 327333.
  • Ehrlén J, Käck S, Ågren J. 2002. Pollen limitation, seed predation and scape length in Primula farinosa. Oikos 97: 4551.
  • Fenster CB, Armbruster WC, Wilson P, Dudash MR, Thomson JD. 2004. Pollination syndromes and floral specialization. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 35: 375403.
  • Goodwillie C. 2001. Pollen limitation and the evolution of self-compatibility in Linanthus (Polemoniaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 162: 12831292.
  • Hainsworth FR, Wolf LL, Mercier T. 1984. Pollination and pre-dispersal seed predation: net effects on reproduction and inflorescence characteristics in Ipomopsis aggregata. Oecologia 63: 405409.
  • Hambler DJ, Dixon JM. 2003. Primula farinosa L. Journal of Ecology 91: 694705.
  • Kingsolver JG, Hoekstra HE, Hoekstra JM, Berrigan D, Vignieri SN, Hill CE, Hoang A, Gibert P, Beerli P. 2001. The strength of phenotypic selection in natural populations. American Naturalist 157: 245261.
  • Klinkhamer PGL, De Jong TJ, De Bruyn GJ. 1989. Plant size and pollinator visitation in Cynoglossum officinale. Oikos 54: 201204.
  • Kotanen PM, Bergelson J. 2000. Effects of simulated grazing on different genotypes of Bouteloua gracilis: how important is morphology? Oecologia 123: 6674.
  • Lagerberg T. 1957. Vilda Växter I Norden, 3rd edn. Stockholm, Sweden: Natur och kultur.
  • Lavorel S, McIntyre S, Landsberg J, Forbes TDA. 1997. Plant functional classifications: from general groups to specific groups based on response to disturbance. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12: 474478.
  • Lindborg R, Ehrlén J. 2002. Evaluating the extinction risk of a perennial herb: demographic data versus historical records. Conservation Biology 16: 683690.
  • Maad J. 2000. Phenotypic selection in hawkmoth-pollinated Platanthera bifolia: targets and fitness surfaces. Evolution 54: 112123.
  • Miller RB. 1981. Hawkmoths and the geographic patterns of floral variation in Aquilegia caerulea. Evolution 35: 763774.
  • Munoz AA, Arroyo MTK. 2004. Negative impacts of a vertebrate predator on insect pollinator visitation and seed output in Chuquiraga oppositifolia, a high Andean shrub. Oecologia 138: 6673.
  • O’Connell LM, Johnston MO. 1998. Male and female pollination success in a deceptive orchid, a selection study. Ecology 79: 12461260.
  • Omura H, Honda K. 2005. Priority of color over scent during flower visitation by adult Vanessa indica butterflies. Oecologia 142: 588596.
  • Peakall R, Handel SN. 1993. Pollinators discriminate among floral heights of a sexually deceptive orchid: implications for selection. Evolution 47: 16811687.
  • Price MV, Waser NM, Irwin RE, Campbell DR, Brody AK. 2005. Temporal and spatial variation in pollination of a montane herb: a seven-year study. Ecology 86: 21062116.
  • R Development Core Team. 2005. r 2.1.0 – A Language and Environment. http://www.r-project.org
  • Sauer D, Feir D. 1973. Studies on the natural populations of Oncopeltus fasciatus (Dallas), the large milkweed bug. American Midland Naturalist 90: 1337.
  • Schemske DW. 1980. Evolution of floral display in the orchid Brassavola nodosa. Evolution 34: 489493.
  • Schemske DW, Horvitz CC. 1989. Temporal variation in selection on a floral character. Evolution 43: 461465.
  • StatSoft, Inc. 2005. STATISTICA (data analysis software system), version 7.1. http://www.statsoft.com
  • Sterner R, Lundqvist Å. 1986. Ölands Kärlväxtflora, 2nd edn. Lund and Stockholm, Sweden: Svensk botanisk tidskrift; Forskningsrådens förlagstjänst.
  • Totland Ö. 2001. Environment-dependent pollen limitation and selection on floral traits in an alpine species. Ecology 82: 22332244.
  • Traveset A. 1995. Spatio-temporal variation in predispersal reproductive losses of a Mediterranean shrub, Euphorbia dendroides L. Oecologia 103: 118126.
  • Tutin TG, Heywood VH, Burges NA, Valentine DH, eds 1972. Flora Europaea, Vol. 3. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Verbeek NAM, Boasson R. 1995. Flowering height and postfloral elongation of flower stalks in 13 species of angiosperms. Canadian Journal of Botany 73: 723727.