Key word Index


15N, 179

18O, 321

18O-CO2, 321

18O-leaf water, 321

Acer, 409

acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS), 251

acetolactate synthase (ALS), 251

actinorhizal symbiosis, 681

Adansonia, 549

adaptive evolution, 409

additive variance, 729

aerenchyma, 123

aerobic–anaerobic, 571

algal dispersal, 331

algal switch, 331

allelopathy, 571

allometry, 221

allopolyploidy, 431

alluvial terraces, 299

alpine communities, 6

alpine ecology, 59

alternative electron pathways, 95

altitude, 291

aluminium, 515

Amaranthus powellii (green pigweed), 251

amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP), 431

anatomy, 279, 643

anion channel, 647

anther smut disease, 741

Aquilegia yabeana, 237

Arabidopsis thaliana, 623

arabinogalactan-proteins, 445

arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs), 479

Arachnitis, 191

arid environments, 6

assimilation, 265

association and introgression mapping, 9

ATP, 399

automatic processing, 623

backcross inbred line, 199

bioassay, 571

biogeography, 603

biological nitrogen fixation (BNF), 157

biomass, 451, 525

biomass partitioning, 85

Bombacaceae, 549

Bombus, 640

bottom-up control, 829

breeding systems, 589

buoyancy regulation, 109

Burgundy blood, 109

calcareous grasslands, 243

calcium (Ca), 579

carbon allocation, 809

carbon gain, 537

carbon isotope discrimination (Δ), 765

carbon reserve, 223

carbonic anhydrase, 321

carboxylates, 515

Caryophyllaceae, 589, 640, 667, 707

Casuarina glauca, 681

Cavendishia, 355

cell expansion, 445

cell-wall expansion, 479

cereals, 223

chemical defenses, 561

chitin degradation, 389

chitinase, 389

Chlorella vulgaris, 95

chlorophyll, 451

chlorophyll (Chl), 525

chlorophyll fluorescence imaging, 779

climate change, 9

climate gradients, 309

coastal dunes, 829

colinearity, 753

competition, 6, 8

condensed tannins, 561

conifer, 35

Coniophora arida, 389

conservation, 71

correlated evolution, 409

corridors, 71

costs of defense, 561

cushion plants, 59

cyanobacteria, 109

cytosolic Ca2+, 209

degradation, 448, 493

dendroecology, 299

developmental plasticity, 237

Dianthus, 640

Dianthus carthusianorum, 699

diatoms, 95

Dicymbe corymbosa (Caesalpiniaceae), 579

dispersal, 345

dissolved organic carbon (DOC), 809

disturbance, 6

diurnal pollinators, 689

drought, 299, 379

drought tolerance, 765

dynamic light, 95

eco-devo, 2

ecophysiology, 589

ectendomycorrhiza, 355

ectomycorrhiza, 367

ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi, 179

ectomycorrhizal ecology, 345

ectomycorrhizal fungi, 169, 819

ectomycorrhizas (EM), 579

Editorial board, 2

elevated CO2, 157

elicitor, 209

embryogenesis, 35

Ericaceae, 355

Eriophorum angustifolium, 809

Evernia mesomorpha, 331

evolution, 221, 279

evolution of plant breeding systems, 741

expressed sequence tags (ESTs), 681

exudation, 367

FV/FM, 525

facilitation, 6, 59, 169

field experiment, 169

flooding, 299

floral evolution, 729

floral scent, 707

flowering phenology, 243

fluorescence, 451

fluorogenic substrates, 389

folial Na+ and Cl concentrations, 123

forage and amenity grasses, 9

forest community, 537

formaldehyde, 135

Frankia, 681

fructan, 45

fructose, 45

fruit set, 615

functional diversity, 179

functional gender, 741

functional genomics, 453

functional groups, 571

fungal ecology, 8, 579

fungal specificity, 331

Fusarium, 209

Gadgil effect, 579

GC–EAD (gas chromatography coupled to electroantennographic detection), 707

gene flow, 689

genetic variability, 623

genetic variation, 505

genomics, 2

genotypic diversity, 765

germination, 35

global change, 799

Glomus sp., 379

glucose, 45

glutamine synthetase (GS), 35, 265

grain filling, 223, 448

grain protein content, 753

grassland, 85

green algae, 95

growth balance, 95

growth rate, 451, 525

Guiana shield, 579

gynodioecy, 589, 741

Hadena, 640

Hadena and Perizoma, 667

Hadena bicruris, 707, 719

Hebeloma crustuliniforme, 367

herbicide resistance, 251

heterobaric, 643

heterogeneity, 643

higher plants, 647

homeodomain leucine- zipper (HD-ZIP) protein, 469

homobaric, 643

homobaric leaves, 779

Hordeum (Poaceae, Triticeae), 603

hybrid poplars, 765

hybridization, 431

hydraulic constraints, 279

hyperaccumulation, 505

hyphae, 191, 819

Hypholoma capnoides, 389

inbreeding depression, 419

inflorescence size, 409

Inocybe, 169

interannual variability, 85

intergenomic recombination, 431

interspecific differences, 169

intraleaf variations, 321

introgression, 431

ion channel, 209

irradiance, 291

ISI impact factor, 2

isoflux, 321

jasmonic acid (JA), 135

Lake Zürich, 109

Larrea tridentata, 799

lateral CO2 flux, 779

lateral diffusion, 643

leaf-area index (LAI), 145

leaf development, 623

leaf flushing, 549

leaf lifespan, 309

leaf life span, 537

leaf morphology, 291

leaf nitrogen, 309

leaf–root, 571

leaf sap osmotic potential, 123

leaf size, 409

leaf traits, 765

legume, 157

lichen algae, 331

light-harvesting complex of photosystem II (LHCII), 789

light/shade border (LSB), 779

lilac aldehydes, 707

litter feedback, 27

Lolium and Festuca, 9

Lolium perenne, 45

long-distance dispersal, 603

low-temperature (77 K) chlorophyll fluorescence, 789

lupin (Lupinus angustifolius), 399

Lupinus albus (white lupin), 515

maintenance of genetic variation, 729

marsh reed grass (Calamagrostis canadensis), 561

mass spectrometry, 453

mating competition, 409

metabolism, 453

metabolomics, 453

meta-data synthesis, 85

metapopulation, 71

methyl proline, 123

methyl salicylate, 135

microbial bottleneck, 27

Microbotryum violaceum, 719, 741

Microbotryum violaceum (anther smut), 729

microclimate, 59

microRNA, 469

microtubules, 819

migration pattern, 71

miR166, 469

mitochondria, 819

model, 448, 493

monoterpenes, 135

moth attraction, 707

moths, 667

multitrophic interactions, 829

mutualism, 640, 667, 719

mycelial connections, 169

mycelium, 367

myco-heterotroph, 191

mycophagy, 345

mycorrhizal symbiont, 419

mycorrhizas, 8

NADP-glutamate dehydrogenase (NADP-GDH), 179

Narthecium ossifragum, 809

nectar, 419

nematode control, 829

neotropical mountain rain forest, 355

net photosynthetic rate, 789

net photosynthetic rates, 135

net primary productivity (NPP), 85

networks, 2

nickel (Ni), 505, 819

nitrogen, 157, 265, 799

nitrogen cycling, 389

nitrogen (N) cycling, 27

nitrogen (N) regulation, 179

nitrogen remobilization, 448

nocturnal pollinators, 689

nodules, 399

Nothofagus cunninghamii (Southern beech), 291

nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), 453

nursery pollination, 640, 667, 719

nutrient competition, 169

nutrient status, 451, 525

O-J-I-P, 525

Olea europaea, 379

open access, 2

open field, 765

Orchidaceae, 419

organelles, 819

organic acids, 809

organic anions, 647

Oryza sativa, 199

osmotic stress, 647

oviposition, 719

oxalate, 367

palaeoecology, 291

parasitism, 667

pasture, 157

pathways, 453

Paxillus involutus, 819

peatland, 809

PEPc (phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase), 399

perennial ryegrass, 45

periplasm, 479

pH, 515

Phaeodactylum tricornutum, 95

phenolic glycosides, 561

phenology, 549

phenotypic analysis, 623

phenotypic selection, 729

phosphate, 515

phosphorus, 157

phosphorus deficiency, 399

photosynthesis, 35, 95, 309, 779, 799

photosystem II (PSII), 789

phylogeny, 603

physical map, 753

physiological markers, 265

phytoalexin, 209

phytoplankton, 451, 525

PIABS, 525

Pinus sylvestris, 367

Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine), 299

Planktothrix rubescens, 109

plant–animal interactions, 243

plant cell walls, 445

plant competition, 243

plant decomposition, 571

plant growth, 561

plant height, 615

plant hydraulics, 221

plant metabolism, 309

plant mutualists, 829

plant nutrition, 647

plant pathogen, 209, 719

plant pathogens, 741

plant physiology, 561

plant species, 27

plasma membrane, 445

pollen limitation, 615

pollination, 615, 689

pollination crisis, 699

pollination efficiency, 699

pollination environment, 237

pollinator limitation, 419, 699

pollinator-mediated selection, 699

pollinators, 729

population structure, 331

Populus, 2

positive spatial associations, 59

Pratylenchus sp., 829

precipitation, 85

precision breeding, 9

primary colonisation, 8

primary succession, 345

Primula, 615

procambium, 35

productivity, 765

proline, 123

PSII electron transport, 789

pyruvate synthesis, 399

QTL (quantitative trait locus), 9

quantitative genetics, 589

quantitative real time RT–PCR (qRT–PCR), 681

quantitative trait loci (QTL), 753

quantitative trait loci (QTL) analysis, 199

quantitative trait locus (QTL), 45

quantum yield, 779

Quercus ilex (holm oak), 135

radial growth, 299

Ranunculus nodiflorus, 71

reactive oxygen species (ROS), 209

regeneration, 8

relative fitness, 251

remobilization, 223, 265

removal experiments, 6

reproductive success, 71, 237

Resinicium bicolor, 389

resistance, 199

resource acquisition, 589

resource availability, 537

resource sharing, 8

reversible dissociation, 789

Rhamnus lycioides, 379

Rhizopogon, 345

rhizosphere, 515

rice, 493, 753

root exudation, 809

root : shoot ratio, 809

root-feeding nematodes, 829

roots, 647

Rubisco, 448, 493

Russula, 169

salinity, 123

salt-stress, 479

sap flow, 549

scaling rules, 221

Schiedea, 589

Sebacinales, 355

secondary growth, 469

seed predation, 640, 719

seed predators, 667

seed set, 615

seed size, 615

seedling establishment, 243

seedling herbivory, 243

seedling survival, 59

semiarid environments, 379

semiarid mountains, 59

Senecio, 431

senescence, 145, 223

serpentine, 505

sexual dimorphism, 589

shoot architecture, 537

shoot life span, 537

shoot shedding, 537

siderophores, 367

Silene, 640, 667

Silene acaulis, 741

Silene alba, 689

Silene dioica (red campion), 729

Silene latifolia, 707, 719

soil drying, 223

soil organic matter, 27

southern Ecuador, 355

soybean (Glycine max), 145

SoyFACE (soybean free-air concentration enrichment), 145

spatial associations, 6

spatio-temporal, 615

specific leaf area, 309

spore bank, 345

stable isotopes, 379

statistical analysis, 493

stigma presentation, 237

stomata, 643

stomatal conductance, 135, 379, 549, 779

stomatal density, 291

stomatal index, 291

Striga hermonthica, 199

successional status, 537

sucrose, 45

Suillus, 345

sustainability traits, 9

synthesis, 448, 493

systems biology, 453

tapering, 279

temperature, 85

Thlaspi, 505

trait dissection, 9

transcriptome, 469

Trebouxia jamesii, 331

tree height, 221, 279

tree rings, 299

trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides), 561

Trifolium repens (white clover), 157

Triticum aestivum (wheat), 265, 515

tropical dry forest, 549

tubular flowers, 699

turnover, 448, 493

vacuoles, 819

vascular cambium, 469

vegetative propagules, 191

vesicles, 191

vicariance, 603

visitation frequency, 699

VOC (volatile organic compound), 135

water deficit, 623

water relations, 799

water storage, 549

water stress, 6, 223

water table, 299

water use efficiency, 779

water use efficiency (WUE), 765

waterbloom formation, 109

waterlogging, 123

water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC), 45

water-use efficiency (WUE), 379

WBE theory, 221

wheat, 753

wind tunnel, 707

wood-rotting fungi, 389

woody species, 123

xylem conduits, 221, 279

Yariv reagent, 445, 479

Zea mays, 321

zinc (Zn), 505

Ancillary