SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Aarssen LW. 2000. Why are most selfers annuals? A new hypothesis for the fitness benefit of selfing. Oikos 89: 606612.
  • Aitchison J. 1982. The statistical analysis of compositional data. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B – Methodological 44: 139177.
  • Aitchison J. 1986. The statistical analysis of compositional data. New York, NY, USA: Chapman & Hall.
  • Anderson GJ, Bernardello G, Stuessy TF, Crawford DJ. 2001. Breeding system and pollination of selected plants endemic to Juan Fernandez Islands. American Journal of Botany 88: 220233.
  • Anselin L, Bera AK. 1998. Spatial dependence in linear regression models with an introduction to spatial econometrics. In: UllahA, GilesDEA, eds. Handbook of applied economic statistics. New York, NY, USA: Marcel Dekker, 237289.
  • Baker HG. 1955. Self-compatibility and establishment after ‘long-distance’ dispersal. Evolution 9: 347349.
  • Baker HG. 1974. The evolution of weeds. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 5: 124.
  • Berry PE, Calvo RN. 1989. Wind pollination, self-incompatibility, and altitudinal shifts in pollination systems in the high Andean genus Espeletia (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany 76: 16021614.
  • Besag J. 1974. Spatial interaction and the statistical analysis of lattice systems. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series B – Statistical Methodology 36: 192236.
  • Besag J, Kooperberg CL. 1995. On conditional and intrinsic autoregressions. Biometrika 82: 733746.
  • Besag J, York J, Mollie A. 1991. Bayesian image restoration, with two applications in spatial statistics (with discussion). Annals of the Institute of Statistical Mathematics 43: 159.
  • Billheimer D, Guttorp P. 1995. Spatial models for discrete compositional data. Technical report. Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington, Department of Statistics.
  • Billheimer D, Cardoso T, Freeman E, Guttorp P, Ko H, Silkey M. 1997. Natural variability of benthic species in the Delaware Bay. Journal of Environmental and Ecological Statistics 4: 9115.
  • Billheimer D, Guttorp P, Fagan WF. 1998. Statistical analysis and interpretation of discrete compositional data. NRCSE Technical Report Series 011. Seattle, WA, USA: University of Washington.
  • Billheimer D, Guttorp P, Fagan WF. 2001. Statistical interpretation of species composition. Journal of the American Statistical Association 96: 12051214.
  • Bliss LC. 1962. Adaptations of arctic and alpine plants to environmental conditions. Arctic 15: 117144.
  • Brooks SP, Gelman A. 1998. General methods for monitoring convergence of iterative simulations. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 7: 434455.
  • Brooks SP, Roberts GO. 1998. Assessing convergence of Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithms. Statistics and Computing 8: 319335.
  • Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe. 1993. Geologische Karte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1 : 1 000 000. Hanover, Germany: Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe.
  • Couderc H. 1978. Adaptation de la fleur entomophile de l’Anthyllis vulneraria L. a l’autogamy. Bulletin de la Societé Botanique de France 125: 369378.
  • Cressie NAC. 1993. Statistics for spatial data. Cambridge, MA, USA: Wiley.
  • Culley TM, Weller SG, Sakai AK. 2002. The evolution of wind pollination in angiosperms. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 17: 361369.
  • Deutschewitz K, Lausch A, Kühn I, Klotz S. 2003. Native and alien plant species richness in relation to spatial heterogeneity on a regional scale in Germany. Global Ecology and Biogeography 12: 299311.
  • Díaz S, Cabido M, Zak M, Carretero EM, Araníbar J. 1999. Plant functional traits, ecosystem structure and land-use history along a climatic gradient in central-western Argentina. Journal of Vegetation Science 10: 651660.
  • Dray S, Chessel D, Thioulouse J. 2003. Co-inertia analysis and the linking of ecological data tables. Ecology 84: 30783089.
  • Dupont YL. 2002. Evolution of apomixis as a strategy of colonization in the dioecious species Lindera glauca (Lauraceae). Population Ecology 44: 293297.
  • Durka W. 2002. Blüten- und Reproduktionsbiologie. In: KlotzS, KühnI, DurkaW, eds. BIOLFLOR – eine Datenbank zu biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen der Gefäßpflanzen in Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde, 38 . Bonn, Germany: Bundesamt für Naturschutz, 133175.
  • Ellenberg H. 1996. Vegetation Mitteleuropas mit den Alpen, 5th edn. Stuttgart, Germany: Ulmer.
  • Francis AP, Currie DJ. 2003. A globally consistent richness-climate relationship for angiosperms. American Naturalist 161: 523536.
  • Geiger R . 1966. The climate near the ground. Cambridge, MA, USA: Harvard University Press.
  • Gilks WR, Richardson S, Spiegelhalter DJ. 1996. Markov chain Monte Carlo in practice. London, UK: Chapman & Hall.
  • Gugerli F. 1998. Effect of elevation on sexual reproduction in alpine populations of Saxifraga oppositifolia (Saxifragaceae). Oecologia (Berlin) 114: 6066.
  • Haining RP. 2003. Spatial data analysis: theory and practice. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Harvey PH, Pagel MD. 1991. The comparative method in evolutionary biology. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  • Hawkins BA, Field R, Cornell HV, Currie DJ, Guegan JF, Kaufman DM, Kerr JT, Mittelbach GG, Oberdorff T, O’Brien EM, Porter EE, Turner JRG. 2003. Energy, water, and broad-scale geographic patterns of species richness. Ecology 84: 31053117.
  • Hollingsworth ML, Hollingsworth PM, Jenkins GI, Bailey JP, Ferris C. 1998. The use of molecular markers to study patterns of genotypic diversity in some invasive alien Fallopia spp. (Polygonaceae). Molecular Ecology 7: 16811691.
  • Jacquemyn H, Micheneau C, Roberts DL, Pailler T. 2005. Elevational gradients of species diversity, breeding system and floral traits of orchid species on Reunion Island. Journal of Biogeography 32: 17511761.
  • Kalisz S, Vogler DW. 2003. Benefits of autonomous selfing under unpredictable pollinator environments. Ecology 84: 29282942.
  • Kalisz S, Vogler DW, Hanley KM. 2004. Context-dependent autonomous self-fertilization yields reproductive assurance and mixed mating. Nature 430: 884887.
  • Kevan PG, Tikhmenev EA, Usui M. 1993. Insects and Plants in the Pollination Ecology of the Boreal Zone. Ecological Research 8: 247267.
  • Kier G, Mutke J, Dinerstein E, Ricketts TH, Kuper W, Kreft H, Barthlott W. 2005. Global patterns of plant diversity and floristic knowledge. Journal of Biogeography 32: 11071116.
  • Klotz S, Kühn I, Durka W. 2002. BIOLFLOR – eine Datenbank zu biologisch-ökologischen Merkmalen der Gefäßpflanzen in Deutschland. Schriftenreihe für Vegetationskunde, 38 . Bonn, Germany: Bundesamt für Naturschutz.
  • Körner C. 2003. Alpine plant life. functional plant ecology of high mountain ecosystems. Berlin, Germany: Springer.
  • Krause A. 1998. Floras Alltagskleid oder Deutschlands 100 häufigste Pflanzenarten. Natur und Landschaft 73: 486491.
  • Kühn I, May R, Brandl R, Klotz S. 2003. Plant distribution patterns in Germany – will aliens match natives? Feddes Repertorium 114: 559573.
  • Kühn I, Durka W, Klotz S. 2004. BiolFlor – a new plant-trait database as a tool for plant invasion ecology. Diversity and Distributions 10: 363365.
  • Kunin WE. 1992. Density and reproductive success in wild populations of Diplotaxis-Erucoides (Brassicaceae). Oecologia 91: 129133.
  • Lande R, Shannon S. 1996. The role of genetic variation in adaptation and population persistence in a changing environment. Evolution 50: 434437.
  • Legendre P. 1993. Spatial autocorrelation – trouble or new paradigm. Ecology 74: 16591673.
  • Legendre P, Legendre L. 1998. Numerical ecology. Developments in environmental modelling 20 . Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.
  • Legendre P, Galzin R, Harmelin-Vivien ML. 1997. Relating behaviour to habitat: solutions to the fourth-corner problem. Ecology 78: 547562.
  • Liedtke H, Marcinek J. 2002. Physische Geographie Deutschlands. Stuttgart, Germany: Klett-Perthes.
  • Lososova Z, Chytry M, Cimalova S, Kropac Z, Otypkova Z, Pysek P, Tichy L. 2004. Weed vegetation of arable land in Central Europe: Gradients of diversity and species composition. Journal of Vegetation Science 15: 415422.
  • MacGillivray CW, Grime JP, The Integrated Screening Programme (ISP) Team . 1995. Testing predictions of the resistance and resilience of vegetation subjected to extreme events. Functional Ecology 9: 640649.
  • Mayfield MM, Ackerly D, Daily GC. 2006. The diversity and conservation of plant reproductive and dispersal functional traits in human-dominated tropical landscapes. Journal of Ecology 94: 522536.
  • McIntyre S, Díaz S, Lavorel S, Cramer W. 1999. Plant functional types and disturbance dynamics – introduction. Journal of Vegetation Science 10: 604608.
  • Midgley JJ, Bond WJ. 1991a. Ecological aspects of the rise of angiosperms – a challenge to the reproductive superiority hypotheses. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 44: 8192.
  • Midgley JJ, Bond WJ. 1991b. How important is biotic pollination and dispersal to the success of the angiosperms. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B –Biological Sciences 333: 209215.
  • Niklas KJ. 1985. The aerodynamics of wind pollination. Botanical Review 51: 328386.
  • Packer JG. 1974. Differentiation and dispersal in alpine floras. Arctic and Alpine Research 6: 117128.
  • Planty-Tabacchi AM, Tabacchi E, Naiman RJ, DeFerrari C, Decamps H. 1996. Invasibility of species rich communities in riparian zones. Conservation Biology 10: 598607.
  • Quinn RM, Lawton JH, Eversham BC, Wood SN. 1994. The biogeography of scarce vascular plants in Britain with respect to habitat preference, dispersal ability and reproductive biology. Biological Conservation 70: 149157.
  • R Development Core Team. 2004. Royal: a language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: Royal Foundation for Statistical Computing.
  • Regal PJ. 1982. Pollination by wind and animals – ecology of geographic patterns. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 13: 497524.
  • Richards AJ. 1997. Plant breeding systems, 2nd edn. Cheltenham, UK: Stanley Thornes.
  • Rusch GM, Pausas JG, Leps J. 2003. Plant functional types in relation to disturbance and land use: Introduction. Journal of Vegetation Science 14: 307310.
  • Schoen DJ, Morgan MT, Bataillon T. 1996. How does self-pollination evolve? Inferences from floral ecology and molecular genetic variation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B – Biological Sciences 351: 12811290.
  • Settele J, Hammen V, Hulme PE, Karlson U, Klotz S, Kotarac M, Kunin WE, Marion G, O’Connor M, Petanidou T, Peterseon K, Potts S, Pritchard H, Pysek P, Rounsevell M, Spangenberg J, Steffan-Dewenter I, Sykes MT, Vighi M, Zobel M, Kühn I. 2005. ALARM: Assessing LArge scale environmental Risks for biodiversity with tested Methods. GAIA – Ecological Perspectives in Science, Humanities, and Economics 14: 6972.
  • Skarpe C. 1996. Plant functional types and climate in a southern African savanna. Journal of Vegetation Science 7: 397404.
  • Ssymank A, Haucke U, Rückriem U, Schröder E. 1998. Das europäische Schutzgebietssystem Natura 2000. Schriftenreihe für Landschaftspflege und Naturschutz 53 . Bonn–Bad Godesberg, Germany: Landwirtschaftsverlag Hiltrup.
  • Statistisches Bundesamt. 1997. Daten zur Bodenbedeckung für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1 : 100.000. Wiesbaden, Germany: Statistisches Bundesamt.
  • Succow M, Joosten H. 2001. Landschaftsökologische Moorkunde. Stuttgart: Schweizerbart.
  • Tamura S, Kudo G. 2000. Wind pollination and insect pollination of two temperate willow species, Salix miyabeana and Salix sachalinensis. Plant Ecology 147: 185192.
  • Tauber H. 1965. Differential pollen dispersion and the interpretation of pollen diagrams. Danmarks Geologiske Underøgelse, Raecke 2 89: 170.
  • Thomas A, Best N, Lunn D, Arnold R, Spiegelhalter DJ. 2004. GeoBugs user manual. http://www.mrc-bsu.cam.ac.uk/bugs/winbugs/geobugs.shtml
  • Thuiller W, Lavorel S, Midgley G, Lavergne S, Rebelo T. 2004. Relating plant traits and species distributions along bioclimatic gradients for 88 Leucadendron taxa. Ecology 85: 16881699.
  • Traiser C, Klotz S, Uhl D, Mosbrugger V. 2005. Environmental signals from leaves – a physiognomic analysis of European vegetation. New Phytologist 166: 465484.
  • Venables WN, Ripley BD. 2002. Modern applied statistics with S, 4th edn. New York, NY, USA: Springer.
  • Weiher E, Van Der Werf A, Thompson K, Roderick M, Garnier E, Eriksson O. 1999. Challenging Theophrastus: a common core list of plant traits for functional ecology. Journal of Vegetation Science 10: 609620.
  • Whitehead DR. 1968. Wind pollination in the angiosperms: evolutionary and environmental considerations. Evolution 23: 2835.
  • Whitehead DR. 1983. Wind pollination: some ecological and evolutionary perspectives. In: RealL, ed. Pollination biology. Orlando, FL, USA: Academic Press, 97108.
  • Wright IJ, Reich PB, Westoby M, Ackerly DD, Baruch Z, Bongers F, Cavender-Bares J, Chapin T, Cornelissen JHC, Diemer M, Flexas J, Garnier E, Groom PK, Gulias J, Hikosaka K, Lamont BB, Lee T, Lee W, Lusk C, Midgley JJ, Navas ML, Niinemets U, Oleksyn J, Osada N, Poorter H, Poot P, Prior L, Pyankov VI, Roumet C, Thomas SC, Tjoelker MG, Veneklaas EJ, Villar R. 2004. The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature 428: 821827.
  • Wright IJ, Reich PB, Cornelissen JHC, Falster DS, Garnier E, Hikosaka K, Lamont BB, Lee W, Oleksyn J, Osada N, Poorter H, Villar R, Warton DI, Westoby M. 2005. Assessing the generality of global leaf trait relationships. New Phytologist 166: 485496.