SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ackerly DD, Bazzaz FA. 1995. Seedling crown orientation and interception of diffuse radiation in tropical forest gaps. Ecology 76: 11341146.
  • Adam B, Donès N, Sinoquet H. 2004. VegeSTAR3.1. Calcul de l’Interception Lumineuse et de la Photosynthèse. Technical Notice. Clermont-Ferrand, France: UMR INRA-UBP PIAF.
  • Adam B, Sinoquet H, Godin C, Donès N. 1999. 3A – Software for the Acquisition of Plant Architecture, Version 2.0. Clermont-Ferrand, France: UMR INRA-UBP PIAF.
  • Baker FS. 1949. A revised tolerance table. Journal of Forestry 47: 179181.
  • Beaudet M, Messier C. 1998. Growth and morphological responses of yellow birch, sugar maple, and beech seedlings growing under a natural light gradient. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Forestiere 28: 10071015.
  • Boudon F. 2004. Représentation géométrique multi-echelles de l’architecture des plantes. Montpellier, France: Université Montpellier II. PhD Thesis.
  • Bretz F, Hothorn T, Westfall P. 2004. Multcomp: Multiple Tests and Simultaneous Confidence Intervals. R Package, Version 0.4-8.
  • Canham CD, Denslow JS, Platt WJ, Runkle JR, Spies T, White PS. 1990. Light regimes beneath closed canopies and tree-fall gaps in temperate and tropical forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Forestiere 20: 620631.
  • Carter GA, Smith WK. 1985. Influence of shoot structure on light interception and photosynthesis in conifers. Plant Physiology 79: 10381043.
  • Cescatti A. 1997. Modelling the radiative transfer in discontinuous canopies of asymmetric crowns. 1. Model structure and algorithms. Ecological Modelling 101: 263274.
  • Claveau Y, Messier C, Comeau PG. 2005. Interacting influence of light and size on aboveground biomass distribution in sub-boreal conifer saplings with contrasting shade tolerance. Tree Physiology 25: 373384.
  • Claveau Y, Messier C, Comeau PG, Coates KD. 2002. Growth and crown morphological responses of boreal conifer seedlings and saplings with contrasting shade tolerance to a gradient of light and height. Canadian Journal of Forest Research-Revue Canadienne de Recherche Forestiere 32: 458468.
  • Coleman JS, McConnaughay KDM, Ackerly DD. 1994. Interpreting phenotypic variation in plants. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 9: 187191.
  • Delagrange S, Messier C, Lechowicz MJ, Dizengremel P. 2004. Physiological, morphological and allocational plasticity in understory deciduous trees: importance of plant size and light availability. Tree Physiology 24: 775784.
  • Den Dulk JA. 1989. The interpretation of remote sensing, a feasibility study. Wageningen, the Netherlands: Wageningen University. PhD Thesis.
  • Falster DS, Westoby M. 2003. Leaf size and angle vary widely across species: what consequences for light interception? New Phytologist 158: 509525.
  • Farnsworth KD, Niklas KJ. 1995. Theories of optimization, form and function in branching architecture in plants. Functional Ecology 9: 355363.
  • Farque L, Sinoquet H, Colin F. 2001. Canopy structure and light interception in Quercus petreae seedlings in relation to light regime and plant density. Tree Physiology 21: 12571267.
  • Fleck S, Niinemets U, Cescatti A, Tenhunen JD. 2003. Three-dimensional lamina architecture alters light-harvesting efficiency in Fagus: a leaf-scale analysis. Tree Physiology 23: 577589.
  • Forcier LK. 1975. Reproductive strategies and the co-occurrence of climax tree species. Science 189: 808810.
  • Frazer GW, Canham CD, Lertzman KP. 1999. Gap Light Analyzer (GLA): Imaging Software to Extract Canopy Structure and Gap Light Transmission Indices from True-Colour Fisheye Photographs, Users Manual and Program Documentation. Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada: Simon Fraser University (also Millbrook, New York, USA: Institute of Ecosystem Studies).
  • Gàlvez D, Pearcy RW. 2003. Petiole twisting in the crowns of Psychotria limonensis: implications for light interception and daily carbon gain. Oecologia 135: 2229.
  • Gendron F, Messier C, Comeau PG. 2001. Temporal variations in understory photosynthetic photon flux density of a deciduous stand: effects of canopy development, solar elevation & sky conditions. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 106: 2340.
  • Goulet J, Messier C, Nikinmaa E. 2000. Effect of branch position and light availability on shoot growth of understory sugar maple and yellow birch saplings. Canadian Journal of Botany-Revue Canadienne de Botanique 78: 10771085.
  • Hallé F, Oldeman RAA, Tomlinson PB. 1978. Tropical Trees and Forests: an Architectural Analysis. New York, NY, USA: Springer Verlag.
  • Huber H, Stuefer JF. 1997. Shade-induced changes in the branching pattern of a stoloniferous herb: functional response or allometric effect? Oecologia 110: 478486.
  • Kawamura K, Takeda H. 2002. Light environment and crown architecture of two temperate Vaccinium species: inherent growth rules versus degree of plasticity in light response. Canadian Journal of Botany-Revue Canadienne de Botanique 80: 10631077.
  • Kikuzawa K. 2003. Phenological and morphological adaptations to the light environment in two woody and two herbaceous plant species. Functional Ecology 17: 2938.
  • King DA, Maindonald JH. 1999. Tree architecture in relation to leaf dimensions and tree stature in temperate and tropical rain forests. Journal of Ecology 87: 10121024.
  • Kitajima K. 1994. Relative importance of photosythetic traits and allocation patterns as correlates of seedling shade tolerance of 13 tropical trees. Oecologia 98: 419428.
  • McConnaughay KDM, Coleman JS. 1999. Biomass allocation in plants: ontogeny or optimality? A test along three resource gradients. Ecology 80: 25812593.
  • Messier C, Doucet R, Ruel JC, Claveau Y, Kelly C, Lechowicz MJ. 1999. Functional ecology of advance regeneration in relation to light in boreal forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29: 812823.
  • Messier C, Nikinmaa E. 2000. Effects of light availability and sapling size on the growth, biomass allocation, and crown morphology of understory sugar maple, yellow birch, and beech. Ecoscience 7: 345356.
  • Millet J, Bouchard A, Edelin C. 1998. Plagiotropic architectural development of four tree species of the temperate forest. Canadian Journal of Botany-Revue Canadienne de Botanique 76: 21002118.
  • Montgomery RA, Chazdon RL. 2002. Light gradient partitioning by tropical tree seedlings in the absence of canopy gaps. Oecologia 131: 165174.
  • Müller I, Schmid B, Weiner J. 2000. The effect of nutrient availability on biomass allocation patterns in 27 species of herbaceous plants. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 3: 115127.
  • Muraoka H, Koizumi H, Pearcy RW. 2003. Leaf display and photosynthesis of tree seedlings in a cool-temperate deciduous broadleaf forest understorey. Oecologia 135: 500509.
  • Naumburg E, Ellsworth DS, Pearcy RW. 2001. Crown carbon gain and elevated [CO2] responses of understorey saplings with differing allometry and architecture. Functional Ecology 15: 263273.
  • Niinemets U, Sparrow A, Cescatti A. 2005. Light capture efficiency decreases with increasing tree age and size in the southern hemisphere gymnosperm Agathis australis. Trees-Structure and Function 19: 177190.
  • Niklas KJ. 1989. The effect of leaf-lobing on the interpretation of direct solar radiation. Oecologia 80: 5964.
  • Norman JM, Welles JM. 1983. Radiative transfer in an array of canopies. Agronomy Journal 75: 481488.
  • Oker-Blom P, Smolander H. 1988. The ratio of shoot silhouette area to total needle area in Scots pine. Forest Science 34: 906.
  • Pearcy RW, Muraoka H, Valladares F. 2005. Crown architecture in sun and shade environments: assessing function and trade-offs with a three-dimensional simulation model. New Phytologist 166: 791800.
  • Pearcy RW, Valladares F, Wright SJ, De Paulis EL. 2004. A functional analysis of the crown architecture of tropical forest Psychotria species: do species vary in light capture efficiency and consequently in carbon gain and growth? Oecologia 139: 163177.
  • Pearcy RW, Yang WM. 1996. A three-dimensional crown architecture model for assessment of light capture and carbon gain by understory plants. Oecologia 108: 112.
  • Phattaralerphong J, Sinoquet H. 2005. A method for 3D reconstruction of tree crown Volume from photographs: assessment with 3D-digitized plants. Tree Physiology 25: 12291242.
  • R Development Core Team. 2004. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Vienna, Austria: Foundation for Statistical Computing.
  • Planchais I, Sinoquet H. 1998. Foliage determinants of light interception in sunny and shaded branches of Fagus sylvatica. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 89: 241253.
  • Poorter L. 1999. Growth responses of 15 rain-forest tree species to a light gradient: the relative importance of morphological and physiological traits. Functional Ecology 13: 396410.
  • Poorter L, Werger MJA. 1999. Light environment, sapling architecture, and leaf display in six rain forest tree species. American Journal of Botany 86: 14641473.
  • Rakocevic M, Sinoquet H, Christophe A, Varlet-Grancher C. 2000. Assessing the geometric structure of a white clover (Trifolium repens L.) canopy using 3-D digitising. Annals of Botany 86: 519526.
  • Runkle JR. 1982. Pattern of disturbance in some old-growth mesic forests of eastern north America. Ecology 63: 15331546.
  • Sinoquet H, Rivet P. 1997. Measurement and visualization of the architecture of an adult tree based on a three-dimensional digitising device. Trees-Structure and Function 11: 265270.
  • Sinoquet H, Sonohat G, Phattaralerphong J, Godin C. 2005. Foliage randomness and light interception in 3-D digitized trees: an analysis from multiscale discretization of the canopy. Plant Cell and Environment 28: 11581170.
  • Sinoquet H, Thanisawanyangkura S, Mabrouk H, Kasemsap P. 1998. Characterization of the light environment in canopies using 3D digitising and image processing. Annals of Botany 82: 203212.
  • Sipe TW, Bazzaz FA. 1994. Gap partitioning among maples (Acer) in central New-England – shoot architecture and photosynthesis. Ecology 75: 23182332.
  • Sonohat G, Sinoquet H, Kulandaivelu V, Combes D, Lescourret F. 2006. Three-dimensional reconstruction of partially 3D digitized peach tree canopies. Tree Physiology 26: 337351.
  • Sterck FJ. 1997. Trees and light: tree development and morphology in relation to light availability in a tropical rain forest in French Guiana. Wageningen, the Netherlands: Wageningen Agricultural University. PhD Thesis.
  • Sterck FJ, Bongers F. 2001. Crown development in tropical rain forest trees: patterns with tree height and light availability. Journal of Ecology 89: 113.
  • Takenaka A, Takahashi K, Kohyama T. 2001. Optimal leaf display and biomass partitioning for efficient light capture in an understorey palm, Licuala arbuscula. Functional Ecology 15: 660668.
  • Valladares F, Pearcy RW. 1998. The functional ecology of shoot architecture in sun and shade plants of Heteromeles arbutifolia M. Roem., a Californian chaparral shrub. Oecologia 114: 110.
  • Valladares F, Skillman JB, Pearcy RW. 2002. Convergence in light capture efficiencies among tropical forest understory plants with contrasting crown architectures: a case of morphological compensation. American Journal of Botany 89: 12751284.
  • Walters MB, Reich PB. 1999. Low-light carbon balance and shade tolerance in the seedlings of woody plants: do winter deciduous and broad-leaved evergreen species differ? New Phytologist 143: 143154.