Nitrogen uptake and metabolism in Populus × canescens as affected by salinity
Article first published online: 30 OCT 2006
Volume 173, Issue 2, pages 279–293, January 2007
How to Cite
Dluzniewska, P., Gessler, A., Dietrich, H., Schnitzler, J.-P., Teuber, M. and Rennenberg, H. (2007), Nitrogen uptake and metabolism in Populus × canescens as affected by salinity. New Phytologist, 173: 279–293. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2006.01908.x
- Issue published online: 30 OCT 2006
- Article first published online: 30 OCT 2006
- Received: 24 July 2006 Accepted: 6 September 2006
- amino acids;
- glutamate synthase;
- nitrogen net uptake;
- • External salinization can affect different steps of nitrogen (N) metabolism (ion uptake, N assimilation, and amino acid and protein synthesis) depending on the inorganic N source.
- • Here, we assessed the net uptake of N supplied as nitrate or ammonium and N assimilation (combining metabolite analyses with molecular biological approaches) in grey poplar (Populus × canescens) plants grown under saline (75 mm NaCl) and control conditions.
- • The specific (µmol N g−1 dry weight fine roots h−1) and total plant (µmol N per plant h−1) N net uptake rates, total plant N content, total plant biomass and total leaf protein concentration were reduced under saline conditions when plants were supplied with ammonium. In both nutritional groups, salt treatment caused pronounced accumulation of soluble N compounds in the leaves. The mRNAs of genes coding for enzymes catalyzing rate-limiting steps of both proline synthesis and degradation (delta-1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthase and proline dehydrogenase) as well as for NADH-dependent glutamate synthase were accumulated under saline conditions.
- • Whereas under control conditions the plant N status seemed to be superior when ammonium was supplied, the N balance of ammonium-fed plants was more severely affected by salt stress than that of plants supplied with nitrate. Possible metabolic implications of stress-related accumulation of particular amino acids are discussed.