SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Alkan N, Gadkar V, Yarden O, Kapulnik Y. 2006. Analysis of quantitative interactions between two species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Glomus mosseae and G. intraradices, by real-time PCR. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72: 41924199.
  • Benedetto A, Magurno F, Bonfante P, Lanfranco L. 2005. Expression profiles of a phosphate transporter gene (GmosPT) from the endomycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae. Mycorrhiza 15: 620627.
  • Bever JD, Schultz PA, Pringle A, Morton JB. 2001. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: more diverse than meets the eye, and the ecological tale of why. Bioscience 51: 923931.
  • Boddington CL, Dodd JC. 1999. Evidence that differences in phosphate metabolism in mycorrhizas formed by species of Glomus and Gigaspora might be related to their life-cycle strategies. New Phytologist 142: 531538.
  • Burleigh SH, Cavagnaro T, Jakobsen I. 2002. Functional diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizas extends to the expression of plant genes involved in P nutrition. Journal of Experimental Botany 53: 15931601.
  • Clapp JP, Helgason T, Daniell TJ, Young JPW. 2002. Genetic studies of the structure and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. In: Van Der HeijdenMGA, SandersIR, eds. Mycorrhizal ecology. Berlin Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 201224.
  • Cornelissen JHC, Lavorel S, Garnier E, Diaz S, Buchmann N, Gurvich DE, Reich PB, Ter Steege H, Morgan HD, Van Der Heijden MGA, Pausas JG, Poorter H. 2003. A handbook of protocols for standardised and easy measurement of plant functional traits worldwide. Australian Journal of Botany 51: 335380.
  • Courty PE, Pritsch K, Schloter M, Hartmann A, Garbaye J. 2005. Activity profiling of ectomycorrhiza communities in two forest soils using multiple enzymatic tests. New Phytologist 167: 309319.
  • Diaz S, Cabido M. 2001. Vive la difference: plant functional diversity matters to ecosystem processes. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16: 646655
  • De La Providencia IE, De Souza FA, Fernandez F, Delmas NS, Declerck S. 2005. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi reveal distinct patterns of anastomosis formation and hyphal healing mechanisms between different phylogenic groups. New Phytologist 165: 261271.
  • Fitter AH. 2005. Darkness visible: reflections on underground ecology. Journal of Ecology 93: 231243.
  • Frey B, Schüepp H. 1993. The role of vesicular–arbuscular (VA) mycorrhizal fungi in facilitating inter-plant nitrogen transfer. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 25: 651658.
  • Friedrich MW. 2006. Stable-isotope probing of DNA: insights into the function of unultivated microorganisms from isotopically labeled metagenomes. Current Opinion in Biotechnology 17: 5966.
  • Friese CF, Allen MF. 1991. The spread of VA mycorrhizal hyphae in the soil: inoculum types and external hyphal architecture. Mycologia 83: 5356.
  • Giovannetti M, Azzolini D, Citernesi AS. 1999. Anastomosis formation and nuclear and protoplasmic exchange in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65: 55715575.
  • Grime JP. 1979. Plant strategies and vegetation processes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Grime JP, Mackey JML, Hillier SH, Read DJ. 1987. Floristic diversity in a model system using experimental microcosms. Nature 328: 420422.
  • Gustafson DJ, Casper BB. 2006. Differential host plant performance as a function of soil arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities: experimentally manipulating co-occurring Glomus species. Plant Ecology 183: 257263.
  • Harrison MJ. 2005. Signaling in the arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. Annual Review of Microbiology 59: 1942.
  • Hart MM, Reader RJ. 2002a. Host plant benefit from association with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: variation due to differences in size of mycelium. Biology and Fertility of Soils 36: 357366.
  • Hart MM, Reader RJ. 2002b. Taxonomic basis for variation in the colonization strategy of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 153: 335344.
  • Hart MM, Reader RJ, Klironomos JN. 2001. Life-history strategies of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in relation to their successional dynamics. Mycologia 93: 11861194.
  • Heemsbergen DA, Berg MP, Loreau M, Van Hal JR, Faber JH, Verhoef HA. 2004. Biodiversity effects on soil processes explained by interspecific functional dissimilarity. Science 306: 10191020.
  • Van Der Heijden MGA, Klironomos JN, Ursic M, Moutoglis P, Streitwolf-Engel R, Boller T, Wiemken A, Sanders IR. 1998. Mycorrhizal fungal diversity determines plant biodiversity, ecosystem variability and productivity. Nature 396: 7275.
  • Van Der Heijden MGA, Streitwolf-Engel R, Riedl R, Siegrist S, Neudecker A, Ineichen K, Boller T, Wiemken A, Sanders IR. 2006. The mycorrhizal contribution to plant productivity, plant nutrition and soil structure in experimental grassland. New Phytologist 172: 739752.
  • Helgason T, Merryweather JW, Denison J, Wilson P, Young JPW, Fitter AH. 2002. Selectivity and functional diversity in arbuscular mycorrhizas of co-occurring fungi and plants from a temperate deciduous woodland. Journal of Ecology 90: 371384.
  • Hodge A, Campbell CD, Fitter AH. 2001. An arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus accelerates decomposition and acquires nitrogen directly from organic material. Nature 413: 297299.
  • Husband R, Herre EA, Turner SL, Gallery R, Young JPW. 2002. Molecular diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and patterns of host association over time and space in a tropical forest. Molecular Ecology 11: 26692678.
  • Jakobsen I, Abbott LK, Robson AD. 1992. External hyphae of vesicular–arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with Trifolium subterraneum L. I: spread of hyphae and phosphorus inflow into roots. New Phytologist 120: 371380.
  • Jansa J, Mozafar A, Kuhn G, Anken T, Ruh R, Sanders IR, Frossard E. 2003. Soil tillage affects the community structure of mycorrhizal fungi in maize roots. Ecological Applications 13: 11641176.
  • Johansen A, Jakobsen I, Jensen ES. 1992. Hyphal transport of N-15-labeled nitrogen by a vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus and its effect on depletion of inorganic soil-N. New Phytologist 122: 281288.
  • Johnson D, Krsek M, Wellington EMH, Stott AW, Cole L, Bardgett RD, Read DJ, Leake JR. 2005. Soil invertebrates disrupt carbon flow through fungal networks. Science 309: 10471047.
  • Klironomos JN. 2003. Variation in plant response to native and exotic arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Ecology 84: 22922301.
  • Koch AM, Croll D, Sanders IR. 2006. Genetic variability in a population of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi causes variation in plant growth. Ecology Letters 9: 103110.
  • Lavorel S, Garnier E. 2002. Predicting changes in community composition and ecosystem functioning from plant traits: revisiting the Holy Grail. Functional Ecology 16: 545556.
  • Lekberg Y, Koide RT, Rohr JR, Aldrich-Wolfe L, Morton JB. 2007. Role of niche restrictions and dispersal in the composition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. Journal of Ecology 95: 95105.
  • Merryweather J, Fitter A. 1998. The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi of Hyacinthoides non-scripta– II. Seasonal and spatial patterns of fungal populations. New Phytologist 138: 131142.
  • Miller RM, Jastrow JD. 2000. Mycorrhizal fungi influence soil structure. In: KapulnikY, DoudsDD, eds. Arbuscular mycorrhizae: molecular biology and physiology. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Press, 318.
  • Morton JB, Benny GL. 1990. Revised classification of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (Zygomycetes): a new order, Glomales, two new suborders, Glomineae and Gigasporineae, and two new families, Acaulosporaceae and Gigasporaceae, with an emendation of Glomaceae. Mycotaxon 37: 471491.
  • Munkvold L, Kjoller R, Vestberg M, Rosendahl S, Jakobsen I. 2004. High functional diversity within species of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New Phytologist 164: 357364.
  • Newsham KK, Fitter AH, Watkinson AR. 1995. Multi-functionality and biodiversity in arbuscular mycorrhizas. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 10: 407411.
  • Oehl F, Sieverding E, Ineichen K, Ris EA, Boller T, Wiemken A. 2005. Community structure of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi at different soil depths in extensively and intensively managed agroecosystems. New Phytologist 165: 273283.
  • Olsson PA, Johnson NC. 2005. Tracking carbon from the atmosphere to the rhizosphere. Ecology Letters 8: 12641270.
  • Öpik M, Moora M, Liira J, Zobel M. 2006. Composition of root-colonizing arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities in different ecosystems around the globe. Journal of Ecology 94: 778790.
  • Petchey OL, Gaston KJ. 2006. Functional diversity: back to basics and looking forward. Ecology Letters 9: 741758.
  • Ravnskov S, Jakobsen I. 1995. Functional compatibility in arbuscular mycorrhizas measured as hyphal P transport to the plant. New Phytologist 129: 611618.
  • Read DJ. 2002. Towards ecological relevance – progress and pitfalls in the path towards an understanding of mycorrhizal functions in nature. In: Van Der HeijdenMGA, SandersIR, eds. Mycorrhizal ecology. Berlin Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 329.
  • Rillig MC, Mummey DL. 2006. Mycorrhizas and soil structure. New Phytologist 171: 4153.
  • Scheublin TR, Ridgway KP, Young JPW, Van Der Heijden MGA. 2004. Nonlegumes, legumes, and root nodules harbor different arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 70: 62406246.
  • Schweiger PF, Jakobsen I. 1999. Direct measurement of arbuscular mycorrhizal phosphorus uptake into field-grown winter wheat. Agronomy Journal 91: 9981002.
  • Smith FA, Jakobsen I, Smith SE. 2000. Spatial differences in acquisition of soil phosphate between two arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in symbiosis with Medicago truncatula. New Phytologist 147: 357366.
  • Smith SE, Read DJ. 1997. Mycorrhizal symbiosis, 2nd edn. London, UK: Academic Press.
  • Smith SE, Smith FA, Jakobsen I. 2004. Functional diversity in arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) symbioses: the contribution of the mycorrhizal P uptake pathway is not correlated with mycorrhizal responses in growth or total P uptake. New Phytologist 162: 511524.
  • Staddon PL, Ramsey CB, Ostle N, Ineson P, Fitter AH. 2003. Rapid turnover of hyphae of mycorrhizal fungi determined by AMS microanalysis of C-14. Science 300: 11381140.
  • Van Straalen NM, Roelofs D. 2006. An introduction to ecological genomics. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  • Stukenbrock EH, Rosendahl S. 2005. Distribution of dominant arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi among five plant species in undisturbed vegetation of a coastal grassland. Mycorrhiza 15: 497503.
  • Tilman D, Knops J, Wedin D, Reich P, Ritchie M, Siemann E. 1997. The influence of functional diversity and composition on ecosystem processes. Science 277: 13001302.
  • Voets L, De La Providencia IE, Declerck S. 2006. Glomeraceae and Gigasporaceae differ in their ability to form hyphal networks. New Phytologist 172: 185188.
  • Vogelsang KM, Reynolds HL, Bever JD. 2006. Mycorrhizal fungal identity and richness determine the diversity and productivity of a tallgrass prairie system. New Phytologist 172: 554562.