SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Atkin OK, Evans JR, Ball MC, Lambers H, Pons TL. 2000. Leaf respiration of snow gum in the light and the dark. Interactions between temperature and irradiance. Plant Physiology 122: 915923.
  • Baldocchi DD, Amthor JS. 2001. Canopy photosynthesis. In: RoyJ, SaugierB, MooneyHA, eds. Terrestrial global productivity. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, 931.
  • Barnes BV, Zak DR, Denton SR, Spurr SH. 1998. Forest ecology, 4th edn. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Barr AG, Griffis TJ, Black TA, Lee X, Staebler RM, Fuentes JD, Chen Z, Morgenstern K. 2002. Comparing the carbon budgets of boreal and temperate deciduous forest stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32: 813822.
  • Callaway RM, Brooker RW, Choler P, Kikvidze Z, Lortie CJ, Michalet R, Paolini L, Pugnaire FI, Newingham B, Cook BJ, Aschehoug ET. 2002. Positive interactions among alpine plants increase with stress. Nature 417: 844848.
  • Cardinale BJ, Ives AR, Inchausti P. 2004. Effects of species diversity on the primary productivity of ecosystems: extending our spatial and temporal scales of inference. Oikos 104: 437450.
  • Cernusca A. 1976. Energy exchange within individual layers of a meadow. Oecologia 23: 141149.
  • Ciais P, Reichstein M, Viovy N et al . 2005. Europe-wide reduction in primary productivity caused by the heat and drought in 2003. Nature 437: 529533.
  • Davidson EA, Belk E, Boone RD. 1998. Soil water content and temperature as independent or confounded factors controlling soil respiration in a temperate mixed hardwood forest. Global Change Biology 10: 161169.
  • De Boeck HJ, Lemmens CMHM, Bossuyt H, Malchair S, Carnol M, Merckx R, Nijs I, Ceulemans R. 2006. How do climate warming and plant species richness affect water use in experimental grasslands? Plant and Soil 288: 249261.
  • De Boeck HJ, Lemmens CMHM, Gielen B, Bossuyt H, Malchair S, Carnol M, Merckx R, Ceulemans R, Nijs I. 2007. Combined effects of climate warming and plant diversity loss on above- and below-ground grassland productivity. Environmental and Experimental Botany 60: 95104.
  • Dijkstra FA, Hobbie SE, Reich PB, Knops JMH. 2005. Divergent effects of elevated CO2, N fertilization, and plant diversity on soil C and N dynamics in a grassland field experiment. Plant and Soil 272: 4152.
  • Edwards EJ, Benham DG, Marland LA, Fitter AH. 2004. Root production is determined by radiation flux in a temperate grassland community. Global Change Biology 10: 209227.
  • Gelman A, Carlinc JB, Stern HS, Rubin DB. 2003. Bayesian Data Analysis, 2nd edn. New York: Chapman & Hall.
  • Gielen B, De Boeck H, Lemmens CMHM, Valcke R, Nijs I, Ceulemans R. 2005. Grassland species will not necessarily benefit from future elevated air temperatures: a chlorophyll fluorescence approach to study autumn physiology. Physiologia Plantarum 125: 5263.
  • Gillman LN, Wright SD. 2006. The influence of productivity on the species richness of plants: a critical assessment. Ecology 87: 12341243.
  • Gorissen A, Tietema A, Joosten NN, Estiarte M, Penuelas J, Sowerby A, Emmett BA, Beier C. 2004. Climate change affects carbon allocation to the soil in shrublands. Ecosystems 7: 650661.
  • Harper CW, Blair JM, Fay PA, Knapp AK, Carlisle JD. 2005. Increased rainfall variability and reduced rainfall amount decreases soil CO2 flux in a grassland ecosystem. Global Change Biology 11: 322334.
  • Hooper DU, Chapin FS, Ewel JJ, Hector A, Inchausti P, Lavorel S, Lawton JH, Lodge DM, Loreau M, Naeem S, Schmid B, Setala H, Symstad AJ, Vandermeer J, Wardle DA. 2005. Effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functioning: a consensus of current knowledge. Ecological Monographs 75: 335.
  • Houghton TJ, Ding Y, Griggs DJ, Noguer M, Van Der Linden PJ, Dai X, Maskell K, Johnson CA. 2001. IPCC 2001. Climate Change 2001: the scientific basis. Contribution of working group I to the second assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Janssens IA, Pilegaard K. 2003. Large seasonal changes in Q10 of soil respiration in a beech forest. Global Change Biology 9: 911918.
  • Jones MB, Donnelly A. 2004. Carbon sequestration in temperate grassland ecosystems and the influence of management, climate and elevated CO2. New Phytologist 164: 423439.
  • Kennedy TA, Naeem S, Howe KM, Knops JMH, Tilman D, Reich P. 2002. Biodiversity as a barrier to ecological invasion. Nature 417: 636638.
  • Kirschbaum MUF. 2004. Soil respiration under prolonged soil warming: are rate reductions caused by acclimation or substrate loss? Global Change Biology 10: 18701877.
  • Knapp AK, Fay PA, Blair JM, Collins SL, Smith MD, Carlisle JD, Harper CW, Danner BT, Lett MS, McCarron JK. 2002. Rainfall variability, carbon cycling and plant species diversity in a mesic grassland. Science 268: 22022205.
  • Larcher W. 2003. Physiological plant ecology, 4th edn. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
  • Lemmens CMHM, De Boeck HJ, Gielen B, Bossuyt H, Malchair S, Carnol M, Merckx R, Nijs I, Ceulemans R. 2006. End-of-season effects of elevated temperature on ecophysiological processes of grassland species at different species richness levels. Environmental and Experimental Botany 56: 245254.
  • Levine JM, Kennedy T, Naeem S. 2002. Neighbourhood scale effects of species diversity on biological invasions and their relationship to community patterns. In: LoreauM, NaeemS, InchaustiP, eds. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, pp. 114124.
  • Llorens L, Penuelas J, Estiarte M. 2003. Ecophysiological responses of two Mediterranean shrubs, Erica multiflora and Globularia alypum, to experimental drier and warmer conditions. Physiologia Plantarum 119: 231243.
  • Luo YQ, Wan SQ, Hui DF, Wallace LL. 2001. Acclimatization of soil respiration to warming in a tall grass prairie. Nature 413: 622625.
  • Marchand FL, Nijs I, De Boeck HJ, Kockelbergh F, Mertens S, Beyens L. 2004. Increased turnover but little change in the carbon balance of high-arctic tundra exposed to whole growing season warming. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research 36: 298307.
  • Mertens S, Nijs I, Heuer M, Kockelbergh F, Beyens L, Van Kerckvoorde A, Impens I. 2001. Influence of high temperature on end-of-season tundra CO2 exchange. Ecosystems 4: 226236.
  • Michalet R, Brooker RW, Cavieres LA, Kikvidze Z, Lortie CJ, Pugnaire FI, Valiente-Banuet A, Callaway RM. 2006. Do biotic interactions shape both sides of the humped-back model of species richness in plant communities? Ecology Letters 9: 767773.
  • Middelboe AL, Binzer T. 2004. Importance of canopy structure on photosynthesis in single- and multi-species assemblages of marine macroalgae. Oikos 107: 422432.
  • Myneni RB, Keeling CD, Tucker CJ, Asrar G, Nemani RR. 1997. Increased plant growth in the northern high latitudes from 1981 to 1991. Nature 386: 698702.
  • Naeem S, Li SB. 1997. Biodiversity enhances ecosystem reliability. Nature 390: 507509.
  • Oechel WC, Hastings SJ, Vourlitis G, Jenkins M, Riechers G, Grulke N. 1993. Recent change of arctic tundra ecosystems from a net carbon-dioxide sink to a source. Nature 361: 520523.
  • Pacala SW. 1997. Dynamics of plant communities. In: CrawleyMJ, ed. Plant ecology. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Scientific, 532555.
  • Pfisterer AB, Schmid B. 2002. Diversity-dependent production can decrease the stability of ecosystem functioning. Nature 416: 8486.
  • Reichstein M, Ciais P, Papale D et al . 2007. Reduction of ecosystem productivity and respiration during the European summer 2003 climate anomaly: a joint flux tower, remote sensing and modelling analysis. Global Change Biology 13: 634651.
  • Roscher C, Temperton VM, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Schmitz M, Schumacher M, Schmid B, Buchmann N, Weisser WW, Schulze E-D. 2005. Overyielding in experimental grassland communities – irrespective of species pool or spatial scale. Ecology Letters 8: 419429.
  • Van Ruijven J, Berendse F. 2005. Diversity-productivity relationships: Initial effects, long-term patterns, and underlying mechanisms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 102: 695700.
  • Sala OE, Chapin FS III, Armesto JJ, Berlow E, Bloomfield J, Dirzo R, Huber-sanwald E, Huenneke LF, Jackson RB, Kinzig A, Leemans R, Lodge DM, Mooney HA, Oesterheld M, Poff NL, Sykes MT, Walker BH, Walker M, Wall DH. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287: 17701774.
  • Saleska SR, Harte J, Torn MS. 1999. The effect of experimental ecosystem warming on CO2 fluxes in a montane meadow. Global Change Biology 5: 125141.
  • Saleska SR, Shaw MR, Fischer ML, Dunne JA, Still CJ, Holman ML, Harte J. 2002. Plant community composition mediates both large transient decline and predicted long-term recovery of soil carbon under climate warming. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16: 1055.
  • Spehn EM, Joshi J, Schmid B, Diemer M, Korner C. 2000. Aboveground resource use increases with plant species richness in experimental grassland ecosystems. Functional Ecology 14: 326337.
  • Spehn EM, Hector A, Joshi J et al . 2005. Ecosystem effects of biodiversity manipulations in European grasslands. Ecological Monographs 75: 3763.
  • Stephan A, Meyer AH, Schmid B. 2000. Plant diversity affects culturable soil bacteria in experimental grassland communities. Journal of Ecology 88: 988998.
  • Thomas CD, Cameron A, Green RE, Bakkenes M, Beaumont LJ, Collingham YC, Erasmus BFN, Ferreira de Siqueira M, Grainger A, Hannah L, Hughes L, Huntley B, Van Jaarsveld AS, Midgley GF, Miles L, Ortega-Huerta MA, Peterson AT, Phillips OL, Williams SE. 2004. Extinction risk from climate change. Nature 427: 145148.
  • Tilman D, Reich PB, Knops JMH. 2006. Biodiversity and ecosystem stability in a decade-long grassland experiment. Nature 441: 629632.
  • Van Peer L, Nijs I, Reheul D, De Cauwer B. 2004. Species richness and susceptibility to heat and drought extremes in synthesized grassland ecosystems: compositional vs. physiological effects. Functional Ecology 18: 769778.
  • Vicca S, Serrano-Ortiz P, De Boeck HJ, Lemmens CHMH, Nijs I, Ceulemans R, Kowalski AS, Janssens IA. 2007. Effects of climate warming and declining species richness in grassland model ecosystems: acclimation of CO2 fluxes. Biogeosciences 4: 2736.
  • Walther G-R. 2003. Plants in a warmer world. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 6: 169185.
  • Welker JM, Fahnestock JT, Henry GHR, O'Dea KW, Chimners RA. 2004. CO2 exchange in three Canadian High Arctic ecosystems: response to long-term experimental warming. Global Change Biology 10: 198795.
  • Wythers KR, Reich PB, Tjoelker MG, Bolstad PB. 2005. Foliar respiration acclimation to temperature and temperature variable Q10 alter ecosystem carbon balance. Global Change Biology 11: 435449.
  • Zak DR, Holmes WE, White DC, Peacock AD, Tilman D. 2003. Plant diversity, soil microbial communities, and ecosystem function: are there any links? Ecology 84: 204250.
  • Zavaleta ES, Shaw MR, Chiariello NR, Mooney HA, Field CB. 2003. Additive effects of simulated climate changes, elevated CO2, and nitrogen deposition on grassland diversity. Proceedings of the National Acadamy of Sciences, USA 100: 76507654.
  • Zhang W, Parker KM, Luo Y, Wan S, Wallace LL, Hu S. 2005. Soil microbial responses to experimental warming and clipping in a tallgrass prairie. Global Change Biology 11: 266277.