SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ainsworth EA, Long SP. 2005. What have we learned from 15 years of Free-Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE)? A meta-analytic review of the responses of photosynthesis, canopy properties and plant production to rising CO2. New Phytologist 165: 351372.
  • Ainsworth EA, Rogers A, Vodkin LO, Walter A, Schurr U. 2006. The effects of elevated CO2 concentration on soybean gene expression. An analysis of growing and mature leaves. Plant Physiology 142: 135147.
  • Amthor JS. 1995. Terrestrial higher-plant response to increasing atmospheric [CO2] in relation to the global carbon cycle. Global Change Biology 1: 243274.
  • Bae HH, Sicher R. 2004. Changes of soluble protein expression and leaf metabolite levels in Arabidopsis thaliana grown in elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Field Crops Research 90: 6173.
  • Baker JT, Allen LH, Boote KJ. 1990. Growth and yield responses of rice to carbon-dioxide concentration. Journal of Agricultural Science 115: 313320.
  • Bale JS, Masters GJ, Hodkinson ID, Awmack C, Bezemer TM, Brown VK, Butterfield J, Buse A, Coulson JC, Farrar J, Good JEG, Harrington Royal, Hartley S, Jones TH, Lindroth RL, Press MC, Symrnioudis I, Watt AD, Whittaker JB. 2002. Herbivory in global climate change research: direct effects of rising temperature on insect herbivores. Global Change Biology 8.
  • Bazzaz FA. 1990. The response of natural ecosystems to the rising global CO2 levels. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 21: 167196.
  • Bhattacharya S, Bhattacharya NC, Biswas PK, Strain BR. 1985. Response of cow pea (Vigna unguiculata L.) to CO2 enrichment environment on growth, dry-matter production and yield components at different stages of vegetative and reproductive growth. Journal of Agricultural Science 105: 527534.
  • Carter EB, Theodorou MK, Morris P. 1997. Responses of Lotus corniculatus to environmental change. 1. Effects of elevated CO2, temperature and drought on growth and plant development. New Phytologist 136: 245253.
  • Case AL, Curtis PS, Snow AA. 1998. Heritable variation in stomatal responses to elevated CO2 in wild radish, Raphanus raphanistrum (Brassicaceae). American Journal of Botany 85: 253258.
  • Caspar T, Huber SC, Somerville C. 1985. Alterations in growth, photosynthesis, and respiration in a starchless mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) deficient in chloroplast phosphoglucomutase activity. Plant Physiology 79: 1117.
  • Caspar T, Lin TP, Kakefuda G, Benbow L, Preiss J, Somerville C. 1991. Mutants of Arabidopsis with altered regulation of starch degradation. Plant Physiology 95: 11811188.
  • Ceulemans R, Mousseau M. 1994. Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 on woody plants. New Phytologist 127: 425446.
  • Cleland EE, Chiariello NR, Loarie SR, Mooney HA, Field CB. 2006. Diverse responses of phenology to global changes in a grassland ecosystem. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 103: 1374013744.
  • Cooper R, Brun W. 1967. Response of soybeans to a carbon dioxide enriched atmosphere. Crop Science 7: 455457.
  • Curtis PS. 1996. A meta-analysis of leaf gas exchange and nitrogen in trees grown under elevated carbon dioxide. Plant, Cell & Environment 19: 127137.
  • Curtis P, Wang X. 1998. A meta-analysis of elevated CO2 effects on woody plant mass, form, and physiology. Oecologia 113: 299313.
  • Curtis PS, Snow AA, Miller AS. 1994. Genotype-specific effects of elevated CO2 on fecundity in wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum) Oecologia 97: 100105.
  • Van Dijken AJH, Schluepmann H, Smeekens SCM. 2004. Arabidopsis trehalose-6-phosphate synthase 1 is essential for normal vegetative growth and transition to flowering. Plant Physiology 135: 969977.
  • Dippery JK, Tissue DT, Thomas RB, Strain BR. 1995. Effects of low and elevated CO2 on C3 and C4 annuals. 1. Growth and biomass allocation. Oecologia 101: 1320.
  • Drake B, Gonzalez-Meler M, Long S. 1997. More efficient plants: a consequence of rising atmospheric CO2? Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 48: 609639.
  • Edwards GR, Clark H, Newton PCD. 2001. The effects of elevated CO2 on seed production and seedling recruitment in a sheep-grazed pasture. Oecologia 127: 383394.
  • Eimert K, Wang SM, Lue WL, Chen JC. 1995. Monogenic recessive mutations causing both late floral initiation and excess starch accumulation in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell 7: 17031712.
  • Ellis RH, Craufurd PQ, Summerfield RJ, Roberts EH. 1995. Linear relations between carbon-dioxide concentration and rate of development towards flowering in sorghum, cowpea and soybean. Annals of Botany 75: 193198.
  • Erhardt A, Rusterholz HP, Stocklin J. 2005. Elevated carbon dioxide increases nectar production in Epilobium angustifolium L. Oecologia 146: 311317.
  • Farnsworth EJ, Bazzaz FA. 1995. Inter-generic and intra-generic differences in growth, reproduction, and fitness of 9 herbaceous annual species grown in elevated CO2 environments. Oecologia 104: 454466.
  • Frick J, Nielsen SS, Mitchell CA. 1994. Yield and seed oil content response of dwarf, rapid-cycling Brassica to nitrogen treatments, planting density, and carbon-dioxide enrichment. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 119: 11371143.
  • Garbutt K, Bazzaz FA. 1984. The effects of elevated CO2 on plants. 3. Flower, fruit and seed production and abortion. New Phytologist 98: 433446.
  • Garbutt K, Williams WE, Bazzaz FA. 1990. Analysis of the differential response of 5 annuals to elevated CO2 during growth. Ecology 71: 11851194.
  • Gunderson C, Wullschleger S. 1994. Photosynthetic acclimation in trees to rising atmospheric CO2: a broader perspective. Photosynthesis Research 39: 369388.
  • He JS, Bazzaz FA. 2003. Density-dependent responses of reproductive allocation to elevated atmospheric CO2 in Phytolacca americana. New Phytologist 157: 229239.
  • He JS, Wolfe-Bellin KS, Bazzaz FA. 2005. Leaf-level physiology, biomass, and reproduction of Phytolacca americana under conditions of elevated CO2 and altered temperature regimes. International Journal of Plant Sciences 166: 615622.
  • Heinemann AB, Maia AD, Dourado-Neto D, Ingram KT, Hoogenboom C. 2006. Soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) growth and development response to CO2 enrichment under different temperature regimes. European Journal of Agronomy 24: 5261.
  • Hesketh J, Hellmers H. 1973. Floral initiation in four plant species growing in CO2-enriched air. Environmental Control in Biology 11: 5153.
  • Heyer AG, Raap M, Schroeer B, Marty B, Willmitzer L. 2004. Cell wall invertase expression at the apical meristem alters floral, architectural, and reproductive traits in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Journal 39: 161169.
  • Hicklenton PR, Joliffe PA. 1980. Alterations in the physiology of CO2 exchange in tomato plants grown in CO2 enriched atmospheres. Canadian Journal of Botany 58: 21812189.
  • Hussain M, Kubiske ME, Connor KF. 2001. Germination of CO2-enriched Pinus taeda L. Seeds and subsequent seedling growth responses to CO2 enrichment. Functional Ecology 15: 344350.
  • Jablonski LM. 1997. Responses of vegetative and reproductive traits to elevated CO2 and nitrogen in Raphanus varieties. Canadian Journal of Botany 75: 533545.
  • Jablonski LM, Wang X, Curtis PS. 2002. Plant reproduction under elevated CO2 conditions: a meta-analysis of reports on 79 crop and wild species. New Phytologist 156: 926.
  • Kinugasa T, Hikosaka K, Hirose T. 2003. Reproductive allocation of an annual, Xanthium canadense, at an elevated carbon dioxide concentration. Oecologia 137: 19.
  • Kleemola J, Peltonen J, Peltonensainio P. 1994. Apical development and growth of barley under different CO2 and nitrogen regimes. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 173: 7992.
  • Lake JC, Hughes L. 1999. Nectar production and floral characteristics of Tropaeolum majus L. grown in ambient and elevated carbon dioxide. Annals of Botany 84: 535541.
  • Leakey ADB, Uribelarrea M, Ainsworth EA, Naidu SL, Rogers A, Ort DR, Long SP. 2006. Photosynthesis, productivity, and yield of maize are not affected by open-air elevation of CO2 concentration in the absence of drought. Plant Physiology 140: 779790.
  • Leishman MR, Sanbrooke KJ, Woodfin RM. 1999. The effects of elevated CO2 and light environment on growth and reproductive performance of four annual species. New Phytologist 144: 455462.
  • Lin TP, Caspar T, Somerville C, Preiss J. 1988. Isolation and characterization of a starchless mutant of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. lacking ADP-glucose-pyrophosphorylase activity. Plant Physiology 86: 11311135.
  • Long SP, Ainsworth EA, Rogers A, Ort DR. 2004. Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide: plants face the future. Annual Review of Plant Biology 55: 591628.
  • McConnaughay KDM, Berntson GM, Bazzaz FA. 1993. Limitations to CO2-induced growth enhancement in pot studies. Oecologia 94: 550557.
  • Micallef BJ, Haskins KA, Vanderveer PJ, Roh KS, Shewmaker CK, Sharkey TD. 1995. Altered photosynthesis, flowering, and fruiting in transgenic tomato plants that have an increased capacity for sucrose synthesis. Planta 196: 327334.
  • Miglietta F, Magliulo V, Bindi M, Cerio L, Vaccari FP, Loduca V, Peressotti A. 1998. Free air CO2 enrichment of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.): development, growth and yield. Global Change Biology 4: 163172.
  • Mohan JE, Clark JS, Schlesinger WH. 2004. Genetic variation in germination, growth, and survivorship of red maple in response to subambient through elevated atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biology 10: 233247.
  • Moore BD, Cheng S-H, Sims D, Seemann JR. 1999. The biochemical and molecular basis for photosynthetic acclimation to elevated atmospheric CO2. Plant, Cell & Environment 22: 567582.
  • Mortensen LM. 1986. Effect of intermittent as compared to continuous CO2 enrichment on growth and flowering of Chrysanthemum×morifolium Ramat. and Saintpaulia ionantha Wendl. Scientia Horticulturae 29: 283289.
  • Mortensen LM. 1987. CO2 enrichment in greenhouses – crop responses. Scientia Horticulturae 33: 125.
  • Mortensen LM, Ulsaker R. 1985. Effect of CO2 concentration and light levels on growth, flowering and photosynthesis of Begonia×hiemalis Fotsch. Scientia Horticulturae 27: 133141.
  • Musgrave ME, Strain BR, Siedow JN. 1986. Response of two pea hybrids to CO2 enrichment – a test of the energy overflow hypothesis for alternative respiration. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 83: 81578161.
  • Musil CF, Midgley GF, Wand SJE. 1999. Carry-over of enhanced ultraviolet-B exposure effects to successive generations of a desert annual: Interaction with atmospheric CO2 and nutrient supply. Global Change Biology 5: 311329.
  • Nakamoto H, Zheng SH, Tanaka K, Yamazaki A, Furuya T, Iwaya-Inoue M, Fukuyama M. 2004. Effects of carbon dioxide enrichment during different growth periods on flowering, pod set and seed yield in soybean. Plant Production Science 7: 1115.
  • NRC. 2007. Status of pollinators in North America. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
  • O’Neil P. 1997. Natural selection on genetically correlated phenological characters in Lythrum salicaria L. (Lythraceae). Evolution 51: 267274.
  • Ohto M, Onai K, Furukawa Y, Aoki E, Araki T, Nakamura K. 2001. Effects of sugar on vegetative development and floral transition in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 127: 252261.
  • Osborne JL, Awmack CS, Clark SJ, Williams IH, Mills VC. 1997. Nectar and flower production in Vicia faba L. (field bean) at ambient and elevated carbon dioxide. Apidologie 28: 4355.
  • Peet MM. 1986. Acclimation to high CO2 in monoecious cucumbers. 1. Vegetative and reproductive growth. Plant Physiology 80: 5962.
  • Peñuelas J, Biel C, Estiarte M. 1995. Growth, biomass allocation, and phenology responses of pepper to elevated CO2 concentrations and different water and nitrogen supply. Photosynthetica 31: 9199.
  • Poorter H, Navas ML. 2003. Plant growth and competition at elevated CO2: on winners, losers and functional groups. New Phytologist 157: 175198.
  • Posner HB. 1971. Inhibitory effect of carbohydrate on flowering in Lemna perpusilla III. Effects of respiratory intermediates, amino acids and CO2 glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. Plant Physiology 48: 361365.
  • Potvin C, Strain BR. 1985. Effects of CO2 enrichment and temperature on growth in two C4 weeds, Echinochloa crus-galli and Eleusine indica. Canadian Journal of Botany 63: 14951499.
  • Pukhal'skaya NV. 1997. Generative development of barley at an elevated atmospheric concentration of CO2 and varying temperature conditions. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology 44: 152157.
  • Rae AM, Ferris R, Tallis MJ, Taylor G. 2006. Elucidating genomic regions determining enhanced leaf growth and delayed senescence in elevated CO2. Plant, Cell & Environment 29: 17301741.
  • Rämö K, Slotte H, Kanerva T, Ojanpera K, Manninen S. 2006. Growth and visible injuries of four Centaurea jacea 1. Ecotypes exposed to elevated ozone and carbon dioxide. Environmental and Experimental Botany 58: 287298.
  • Rämö K, Kanerva T, Ojanpera K, Manninen S. 2007. Growth onset, senescence, and reproductive development of meadow species in mesocosms exposed to elevated O3 and CO2. Environmental Pollution 145: 850860.
  • Rathcke B, Lacey EP. 1985. Phenological patterns of terrestrial plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 16: 179214.
  • Reddy VR, Reddy KR, Acock B. 1995. Carbon dioxide and temperature interactions on stem extension, node initiation, and fruiting in cotton. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 55: 1728.
  • Reekie EG, Bazzaz FA. 1991. Phenology and growth in four annual species grown in ambient and elevated CO2. Canadian Journal of Botany 69: 24752481.
  • Reekie JYC, Hicklenton PR, Reekie EG. 1994. Effects of elevated CO2 on time of flowering in four short-day and four long-day species. Canadian Journal of Botany 72: 533538.
  • Reekie JYC, Hicklenton PR, Reekie EG. 1997. The interactive effects of carbon dioxide enrichment and daylength on growth and development in Petunia hybrida. Annals of Botany 80: 5764.
  • Rogers HH, Cure JD, Thomas JF, Smith JM. 1984. Influence of elevated CO2 on growth of soybean plants. Crop Science 24: 361366.
  • Rogers CA, Wayne PM, Macklin EA, Muilenberg ML, Wagner CJ, Epstein PR, Bazzaz FA. 2006. Interaction of the onset of spring and elevated atmospheric CO2 on ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) pollen production. Environmental Health Perspectives 114: 865869.
  • Rolland F, Baena-Gonzalez E, Sheen J. 2006. Sugar sensing and signaling in plants: conserved and novel mechanisms. Annual Review of Plant Biology 57: 675709.
  • Roux F, Touzet P, Cuguen J, Le Corre V. 2006. How to be early flowering: an evolutionary perspective. Trends in Plant Science 11: 375381.
  • Rusterholz HP, Erhardt A. 1998. Effects of elevated CO2 on flowering phenology and nectar production of nectar plants important for butterflies of calcareous grasslands. Oecologia 113: 341349.
  • Sæbø A, Mortensen LM. 1996. Growth, morphology and yield of wheat, barley and oats grown at elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration in a cool, maritime climate. Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment 57: 915.
  • Schemske DW. 1977. Flowering phenology and seed set in Claytonia virginica (Portulacaceae). Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 104: 254263.
  • Schemske DW, Lande R. 1985. The evolution of self-fertilization and inbreeding depression in plants. 2. Empirical observations. Evolution 39: 4152.
  • Seneweera S, Milham P, Conroy J. 1994. Influence of elevated CO2 and phosphorus nutrition on the growth and yield of a short-duration rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Jarrah). Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 21: 281292.
  • Simpson GG, Dean C. 2002. Flowering –Arabidopsis, the rosetta stone of flowering time? Science 296: 285289.
  • Simpson GG, Gendall AR, Dean C. 1999. When to switch to flowering. Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology 15: 519550.
  • Stearns SC. 1992. The evolution of life histories. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  • Tan FC, Swain SM. 2006. Genetics of flower initiation and development in annual and perennial plants. Physiologia Plantarum 128: 817.
  • Tans PP, Fung IY, Takahashi T. 1990. Observational constraints on the global atmospheric CO2 budget. Science 247: 14311438.
  • Teng N, Wang J, Chen T, Wu X, Wang Y, Lin J. 2006. Elevated CO2 induces physiological, biochemical and structural changes in leaves of Arabidopsis thaliana. New Phytologist 172: 378378.
  • Thurig B, Körner C, Stocklin J. 2003. Seed production and seed quality in a calcareous grassland in elevated CO2. Global Change Biology 9: 873884.
  • Tilman D. 1982. Resource competition and community structure. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
  • Tilman D, Lehman CL, Thomson KT. 1997. Plant diversity and ecosystem productivity: theoretical considerations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 94: 18571861.
  • Tissue DT, Wright SJ. 1995. Effect of seasonal water availability on phenology and the annual shoot carbohydrate cycle of tropical forest shrubs. Functional Ecology 9: 518527.
  • Tissue DT, Griffin KL, Ball JT. 1999. Photosynthetic adjustment in field-grown ponderosa pine trees after six years of exposure to elevated CO2. Tree Physiology 19: 221228.
  • VanderKooij TAW, DeKok LJ. 1996. Impact of elevated CO2 on growth and development of Arabidopsis thaliana L. Phyton – Annales Rei Botanicae 36: 173184.
  • Wagner J, Luscher A, Hillebrand C, Kobald B, Spitaler N, Larcher W. 2001. Sexual reproduction of Lolium perenne L. and Trifolium repens L. under free air CO2 enrichment (FACE) at two levels of nitrogen application. Plant, Cell & Environment 24: 957965.
  • Wand SJE, Midgley GF, Musil CF. 1996. Growth, phenology and reproduction of an arid-environment winter ephemeral Dimorphotheca pluvialis in response to combined increases in CO2 and UV-B radiation. Environmental Pollution 94: 247254.
  • Wand SJE, Midgley GF, Jones MH, Curtis PS. 1999. Responses of wild C4 and C3 grass (Poaceae) species to elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration: a meta-analytic test of current theories and perceptions. Global Change Biology 5: 723741.
  • Ward JK, Kelly JK. 2004. Scaling up evolutionary responses to elevated CO2: lessons from Arabidopsis. Ecology Letters 7: 427440.
  • Ward JK, Strain BR. 1997. Effects of low and elevated CO2 partial pressure on growth and reproduction of Arabidopsis thaliana from different elevations. Plant, Cell & Environment 20: 254260.
  • Ward JK, Strain BR. 1999. Elevated CO2 studies: past, present and future. Tree Physiology 19: 211220.
  • Ward JK, Antonovics J, Thomas RB, Strain BR. 2000. Is atmospheric CO2 a selective agent on model C3 annuals. Oecologia 123: 330341.
  • Waser NM. 1978. Competition for hummingbird pollination and sequential flowering in two Colorado wildflowers. Ecology 59: 934944.
  • Wilson IW, Kennedy GC, Peacock JW, Dennis ES. 2005. Microarray analysis reveals vegetative molecular phenotypes of Arabidopsis flowering time mutants. Plant and Cell Physiology 46: 11901201.
  • Wolfe-Bellin KS, He JS, Bazzaz FA. 2006. Level physiology, biomass, and reproduction of Phytolacca americana under conditions of elevated carbon dioxide and increased nocturnal temperature. International Journal of Plant Sciences 167: 10111020.
  • Woodin S, Graham B, Killick A, Skiba U, Cresser M. 1992. Nutrient limitation of the long-term response of heather [Calluna vulgaris (L.) hull] to CO2 enrichment. New Phytologist 122: 635642.
  • Zavaleta ES. 2006. Shrub establishment under experimental global changes in a California grassland. Plant Ecology 184: 5363.
  • Zhou L, Jang JC, Jones TL, Sheen J. 1998. Glucose and ethylene signal transduction crosstalk revealed by an Arabidopsis glucose-insensitive mutant. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 95: 1029410299.