SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Barron-Gafford GA, Grieve KA, Murthy R. 2007. Leaf- and stand-level responses of forested mesocosm to independent manipulations of temperature and vapor pressure deficit. New Phytologist 174: 614625.
  • Billings WD, Luken JO, Mortensen DA, Peterson KM. 1982. Arctic tundra: a source or sink for atmospheric carbon dioxide in a changing environment? Oecologia 53: 711.
  • Christensen TR, Jonasson S, Michelsen A, Callaghan TV, Havström M. 1998. Environmental controls on soil respiration in the Eurasian and Greenlandic Arctic. Journal of Geophysical Research 103: 2901529021.
  • Christensen L, Coughenour MB, Ellis JE, Chen ZZ. 2004. Vulnerability of the Asian typical steppe to grazing and climatic change. Climatic Change 63: 351368.
  • Corradi C, Kolle O, Walter K, Zimov SA, Schulze ED. 2005. Carbon dioxide and methane exchange of a north-east Siberian tussock tundra. Global Change Biology 11: 19101925.
  • Dore MHI. 2005. Climatic change and changes in global precipitation patterns: what do we know? Environment International 31: 11671181.
  • Ehleringer JR, Cooper TA. 1988. Correlations between carbon isotope ratio and microhabitat in desert plants. Oecologia 76: 562566.
  • Fang JY, Piao SL, Tang ZY, Peng CH, Ji W. 2001. Interannual variability in net primary production and precipitation. Science 293: 1723a.
  • Flanagan LB, Wever LA, Carlson PJ. 2002. Seasonal and interannual variation in carbon dioxide exchange and carbon balance in a northern temperate grassland. Global Change Biology 8: 599615.
  • Gao Q, Yu M, Zhang XS, Guan F. 1997. Dynamic modeling of northeast China transect responses to global change – a regional vegetation model driven by remote sensing information. Acta Botanica Sinica 39: 800810.
  • Gong DY, Shi PJ, Wang JA. 2004. Daily precipitation changes in the semi-arid region over northern China. Journal of Arid Environments 59: 771784.
  • Groisman PY, Knight RW, Easterling DR, Karl TR, Hegerl GC, Razuvaev VN. 2005. Trends in intense precipitation in the climate record. Journal of Climate 18: 13261350.
  • Harper CW, Blair JM, Fay PA, Knapp K, Carlisle JD. 2005. Increased rainfall variability and reduced rainfall amount decreases soil CO2 flux in a grassland ecosystem. Global Change Biology 11: 322334.
  • Harte J, Torn MS, Chang FR, Feifarek B, Kinzig AP, Shaw R, Shen K. 1995. Climate warming and soil microclimate: results from a meadow-warming experiment. Ecological Applications 5: 132150.
  • Hastings SJ, Oechel WC, Muhlia-Melo A. 2005. Diurnal, seasonal and annual variation in the net ecosystem CO2 exchange of a desert shrub community (Sarcocaulescent) in Baja California, Mexico. Global Change Biology 11: 927939.
  • Hunt JE, Kelliher FM, McSeveny TM, Byers JN. 2002. Evaporation and carbon dioxide exchange between the atmosphere and a tussock grassland during a summer drought. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 111: 6582.
  • Huxman TE, Cable JM, Ignace DD, Eilts JA, English NB, Weltzin J, Williams DG. 2004. Response of net ecosystem gas exchange to a simulated precipitation pulse in a semiarid grassland: the role of native versus non-native grasses and soil texture. Oecologia 141: 295305.
  • Illeris L, Christensen TR, Mastepanov M. 2004. Moisture effects on temperature sensitivity of CO2 exchange in a subarctic heath ecosystem. Biogeochemistry 70: 317330.
  • IPCC. 2007. IPCC WGI Fourth Assessment Report. Climatic change 2007: the physical science basis. Geneva: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
  • Kirschbaum MUF. 1995. The temperature dependence of soil organic matter decomposition, and the effect of global warming on soil organic storage. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 27: 753760.
  • Knapp AK, Fay PA, Blair JM, Collins SL, Smith MD, Carlisle JD, Harper CW, Danner BT, Lett MS, McCarron JK. 2002. Rainfall variability, carbon cycling, and plant species diversity in a mesic grassland. Science 298: 22022205.
  • Li SG, Asanuma J, Eugster W, Kotani A, Liu JJ, Urano T, Oikawa T, Davaa G, Oyunbaatar D, Sugita M. 2005. Net ecosystem carbon dioxide exchange over grazed steppe in central Mongolia. Global Change Biology 11: 19411955.
  • Melillo JM, Steudler PA, Aber JD, Newkirk K, Lux H, Bowles FP, Catricala C, Magill A, Ahrens T, Morisseau S. 2002. Soil warming and carbon-cycle feedbacks to the climate system. Science 298: 21732175.
  • Meyers TP. 2001. A comparison of summertime water and CO2 fluxes over rangeland for well watered and drought conditions. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 106: 205214.
  • Mielnick P, Dugas WA, Mitchell K, Havstad K. 2005. Long term measurements of CO2 flux and evapotranspiration in a Chihuahuan desert grassland. Journal of Arid Environments 60: 423436.
  • Moriana A, Villalobos FJ, Fereres E. 2002. Stomatal and photosynthetic responses of olive (Olea europaea L.) leaves to water deficits. Plant, Cell & Environment 25: 395404.
  • Oechel WC, Hastings SJ, Vourlrtis G, Jenkins ML, Riechers G, Grulke N. 1993. Recent change of arctic tundra ecosystems from a carbon sink to a source. Nature 361: 520523.
  • Patrick L, Cable J, Potts D et al . 2007. Effects of an increase in summer precipitation on leaf, soil, and ecosystem fluxes of CO2 and H2O in a sotol grassland in Big Bend National Park, Texas. Oecologia 151: 704718.
  • Peñuelas J, Gordon C, Llorens L, Nielsen TR, Tietema A, Beier C, Bruna P, Emmett BA, Estiarte M, Gorissen A. 2004. Non-intrusive field experiments show different plant responses to warming and drought among sites, seasons and species in a North–South European gradient. Ecosystems 7: 598612.
  • Piao SL, Fang JY, Chen AP. 2003. Seasonal dynamics of terrestrial net primary production in response to climatic changes in China. Acta Botanica Sinica 45: 269275.
  • Potts DL, Huxman TE, Enquist BJ, Weltzin JF, Williams DG. 2006. Resilience and resistance of ecosystem functional response to a precipitation pulse in a semi-arid grassland. Journal of Ecology 94: 2330.
  • Rustad LE, Campbell JL, Marion GM, Norby RJ, Mitchell MJ, Hartley AE, Cornelissen JHC, Gurevitch J, GCTE-NEWS. 2001. A meta-analysis of the response of soil respiration, net nitrogen mineralization, and aboveground plant growth to experimental ecosystem warming. Oecologia 126: 543562.
  • Rytter RM. 2005. Water use efficiency, carbon isotope discrimination and biomass production of two sugar beet varieties under well-watered and dry conditions. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science 191: 426438.
  • Sala OE, Parton WJ, Joyce LA, Lauenroth WK. 1988. Primary production of the central grassland region of the United States. Ecology 69: 4045.
  • Saleska SR, Harte J. Torn MS. 1999. The effect of experimental ecosystem warming on CO2 fluxes in a montane meadow. Global Change Biology 5: 125–141.
  • Scott RL, Edwards EA, Shuttleworth WJ, Huxman TE, Watts C, Goodrich DC. 2004. Interannual and seasonal variation in fluxes of water and carbon dioxide from a riparian woodland ecosystem. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 122: 6584.
  • Shaver GR, Canadell J, Chapin FS, III et al . 2000. Global warming and terrestrial ecosystems: a conceptual framework for analysis. Bioscience 50: 871882.
  • Shaw MR, Zavaleta ES, Chiariello NR, Cleland EE, Mooney HA, Field CB. 2002. Grassland responses to global environmental changes suppressed by elevated CO2. Science 298: 19871990.
  • Smith TM, Shugart HH. 1993. The potential response of global terrestrial carbon storage to a climatic change. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 70: 629642.
  • Steduto P, Çetinkökü Ö, Albrizio R, Kanber R, 2002. Automated closed-system canopy-chamber for continuous field-crop monitoring of CO2 and H2O fluxes. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 111: 171186.
  • Suyker AE, Verma SB. 2001. Year-round observations of the net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide in a native tallgrass prairie. Global Change Biology 7: 279289.
  • Wan SQ, Luo Y, Wallace LL. 2002. Changes in microclimate induced by experimental warming and clipping in tallgrass prairie. Global Change Biology 8: 754768.
  • Wan S, Hui D, Wallace LL, Luo Y. 2005. Direct and indirect warming effects on ecosystem carbon processes in a tallgrass prairie. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 19: GB2014. doi: 10.1029/2004GB002315.
  • Wan S, Norby RJ, Ledford J, Weltzin JF . 2007 . Responses of soil respiration to elevated CO2, air warming, and changing soil water availability in a model old-field grassland. Global Change Biology 13: 24112424.
  • Weintraub MN, Schimel JP. 2003. Interactions between carbon and nitrogen mineralization and soil organic matter chemistry in Arctic tundra soils. Ecosystems 6: 129143.
  • Welker JM, Fahnestock JT, Henry GR, O'Dea KW, Chimners RA. 2004. CO2 exchange in three Canadian High Arctic ecosystems: response to long-term experimental warming. Global Change Biology 10: 19811995.
  • Weltzin JF, Loik ME, Schwinning S et al . 2003. Assessing the response of terrestrial ecosystems to potential changes in precipitation. Bioscience 53: 941952.
  • Yepez EA, Huxman TE, Ignace DD, English NB, Weltzin JF, Castellanos AE, Williams DG. 2005. Dynamics of transpiration and evaporation following a moisture pulse in semiarid grassland: a chamber-based isotope method for partitioning flux components. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 132: 359376.
  • Zhang WL. 2007. Carbon fluxes of typical steppe and cropland ecosystems in the agri-pasture transition region of Inner Mongolia, China. PhD thesis. Beijing: Institute of Botany, the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  • Zhao L, Li YN, Xu SX, Zhou HK, Gu S, Yu GR, Zhao XQ. 2006. Diurnal, seasonal and annual variation in net ecosystem CO2 exchange of an alpine shrubland on Qinghai–Tibetan plateau. Global Change Biology 12: 19401953.
  • Zhou XH, Wan SQ, Luo YQ. 2007. Source components and interannual variability of soil CO2 efflux under experimental warming and clipping in a grassland ecosystem. Global Change Biology 13: 761775.