SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abramovitch RB, Kim YJ, Chen S, Dickman MB, Martin GB. 2003. Pseudomonas type III effector AvrPtoB induces plant disease susceptibility by inhibition of host programmed cell death. EMBO Journal 22: 6069.
  • Abramovitch RB, Anderson JC, Martin GB. 2006a. Bacterial elicitation and evasion of plant innate immunity. Nature Reviews: Molecular Cell Biology 7: 601611.
  • Abramovitch RB, Janjusevic R, Stebbins CE, Martin GB. 2006b. Type III effector AvrPtoB requires intrinsic E3 ubiquitin ligase activity to suppress plant cell death and immunity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 103: 28512856.
  • Araki H, Tian D, Goss EM, Jakob K, Halldorsdottir SS, Kreitman M, Bergelson J. 2006. Presence/absence polymorphism for alternative pathogenicity islands in Pseudomonas viridiflava, a pathogen of Arabidopsis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 103: 58875892.
  • Arnold DL, Jackson RW, Fillingham AJ, Goss SC, Taylor JD, Mansfield JW, Vivian A. 2001. Highly conserved sequences flank avirulence genes: isolation of novel avirulence genes from Pseudomonas syringae pv. pisi. Microbiology 147: 11711182.
  • Arnold DL, Jackson RW, Waterfield NR, Mansfield JW. 2007. Evolution of microbial virulence: the benefits of stress. Trends in Genetics 23: 293300.
  • Asai T, Tena G, Plotnikova J, Willmann MR, Chiu WL, Gomez-Gomez L, Boller T, Ausubel FM, Sheen J. 2002. MAP kinase signalling cascade in Arabidopsis innate immunity. Nature 415: 977983.
  • Bacciu D, Falchi G, Spazziani A, Bossi L, Marogna G, Leori GS, Rubino S, Uzzau S. 2004. Transposition of the heat-stable toxin astA gene into a Gifsy-2-related prophage of Salmonella enterica serovar abortusovis. Journal of Bacteriology 186: 45684574.
  • Beatson SA, Minamino T, Pallen MJ. 2006. Variation in bacterial flagellins: from sequence to structure. Trends in Microbiology 14: 151155.
  • Berg HC. 2003. The rotary motor of bacterial flagella. Annual Review of Biochemistry 72: 1954.
  • Blocker A, Komoriya K, Aizawa S. 2003. Type III secretion systems and bacterial flagella: insights into their function from structural similarities. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 100: 30273030.
  • Bretz JR, Mock NM, Charity JC, Zeyad S, Baker CJ, Hutcheson SW. 2003. A translocated protein tyrosine phosphatase of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 modulates plant defence response to infection. Molecular Microbiology 49: 389400.
  • Brussow H, Canchaya C, Hardt WD. 2004. Phages and the evolution of bacterial pathogens: from genomic rearrangements to lysogenic conversion. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 68: 560–+.
  • Carroll L. 1872. Through the Looking Glass, and What Alice Found There. London: Macmillan.
  • Casjens S, Palmer N, Van Vugt R et al . 2000. A bacterial genome in flux: the twelve linear and nine circular extrachromosomal DNAs in an infectious isolate of the Lyme disease spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi. Molecular Microbiology 35: 490516.
  • Chang JH, Urbach JM, Law TF, Arnold LW, Hu A, Gombar S, Grant SR, Ausubel FM, Dangl JL. 2005. A high-throughput, near-saturating screen for type III effector genes from Pseudomonas syringae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 102: 25492554.
  • Chisholm ST, Coaker G, Day B, Staskawicz BJ. 2006. Host–microbe interactions: shaping the evolution of the plant immune response. Cell 124: 803814.
  • Clifton DR, Fields KA, Grieshaber SS, Dooley CA, Fischer ER, Mead DJ, Carabeo RA, Hackstadt T. 2004. A chlamydial type III translocated protein is tyrosine-phosphorylated at the site of entry and associated with recruitment of actin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 101: 1016610171.
  • Cohn JR, Martin GB. 2005. Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato type III effectors AvrPto and AvrPtoB promote ethylene-dependent cell death in tomato. Plant Journal 44: 139154.
  • Collmer A, Lindeberg M, Petnicki-Ocwieja T, Schneider D, Alfano J. 2002. Genomic mining type III secretion system effectors in Pseudomonas syringae yields new picks for all TTSS prospectors. Trends in Microbiology 10: 462.
  • Dale C, Plague GR, Wang B, Ochman H, Moran NA. 2002. Type III secretion systems and the evolution of mutualistic endosymbiosis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 4: 4.
  • Dale C, Jones T, Pontes M. 2004. Degenerative evolution and functional diversification of type-III secretion systems in the insect endosymbiont Sodalis glossinidius. Molecular Biology and Evolution 22: 758766.
  • Dangl JL, Jones JD. 2001. Plant pathogens and integrated defence responses to infection. Nature 411: 826833.
  • Daubin V, Ochman H. 2004. Bacterial genomes as new gene homes: the genealogy of ORFans in E. coli. Genome Research 14: 10361042.
  • DebRoy S, Thilmony R, Kwack YB, Nomura K, He SY. 2004. A family of conserved bacterial effectors inhibits salicylic acid-mediated basal immunity and promotes disease necrosis in plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 101: 99279932.
  • Desveaux D, Singer AU, Dangl JL. 2006. Type III effector proteins: doppelgangers of bacterial virulence. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 9: 376382.
  • Ehrbar K, Hardt WD. 2005. Bacteriophage-encoded type III effectors in Salmonella enterica subspecies 1 serovar Typhimurium. Infection, Genetics and Evolution 5: 19.
  • Espinosa A, Guo M, Tam VC, Fu ZQ, Alfano JR. 2003. The Pseudomonas syringae type III-secreted protein HopPtoD2 possesses protein tyrosine phosphatase activity and suppresses programmed cell death in plants. Molecular Microbiology 49: 377387.
  • Estelle M. 2001. Proteases and cellular regulation in plants. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 4: 254260.
  • Fields KA, Mead DJ, Dooley CA, Hackstadt T. 2003. Chlamydia trachomatis type III secretion: evidence for a functional apparatus during early-cycle development. Molecular Microbiology 48: 671683.
  • Flor HH. 1956. The complementary genic systems in flax and flax rust. Advances in Genetics Incorporating Molecular Genetic Medicine 8: 2954.
  • Flor HH. 1971. Current status of the gene-for-gene concept. Annual Review of Phytopathology 9: 275296.
  • Fouts DE, Abramovitch RB, Alfano JR et al . 2002. Genomewide identification of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 promoters controlled by the HrpL alternative sigma factor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 99: 22752280.
  • Fraser HB. 2006. Coevolution, modularity and human disease. Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 16: 637644.
  • Fujikawa T, Ishihara H, Leach JE, Tsuyumu S. 2006. Suppression of defense response in plants by the avrBs3/pthA gene family of Xanthomonas spp. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 19: 342349.
  • Gilbert W. 1978. Why genes in pieces? Nature 271: 501501.
  • Gophna U, Ron EZ, Graur D. 2003. Bacterial type III secretion systems are ancient and evolved by multiple horizontal-transfer events. Gene 312: 151163.
  • Grant SR, Fisher EJ, Chang JH, Mole BM, Dangl JL. 2006. Subterfuge and manipulation: Type III effector proteins of phytopathogenic bacteria. Annual Review of Microbiology 60: 425449.
  • Guttman DS, Greenberg JT. 2001. Functional analysis of the type III effectors AvrRpt2 and AvrRpm1 of Pseudomonas syringae with the use of a single-copy genomic integration system. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 14: 145155.
  • Guttman DS, Vinatzer BA, Sarkar SF, Ranall M, Greenberg JT. 2002. A functional screen for the type III (Hrp) secretome of the plant pathogen Pseudomonas syringae. Science 295: 17221726.
  • Guttman DS, Gropp SJ, Morgan RL, Wang PW. 2006. Diversifying selection drives the evolution of the type III secretion system pilus of Pseudomonas syringae. Molecular Biology and Evolution 23:.
  • Harshey RM, Toguchi A. 1996. Spinning tails: homologies among bacterial flagellar systems. Trends in Microbiology 4: 226231.
  • Hauck P, Thilmony R, He SY. 2003. A Pseudomonas syringae type III effector suppresses cell wall-based extracellular defense in susceptible Arabidopsis plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 100: 85778582.
  • He P, Chintamanani S, Chen Z, Zhu L, Kunkel BN, Alfano JR, Tang X, Zhou JM. 2004. Activation of a COI1-dependent pathway in Arabidopsis by Pseudomonas syringae type III effectors and coronatine. Plant Journal 37: 589602.
  • He P, Shan L, Lin NC, Martin GB, Kemmerling B, Nurnberger T, Sheen J. 2006. Specific bacterial suppressors of MAMP signaling upstream of MAPKKK in Arabidopsis innate immunity. Cell 125: 563575.
  • He SY, Nomura K, Whittam TS. 2004. Type III protein secretion mechanism in mammalian and plant pathogens. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1694: 181206.
  • Herbers K, Conrads-Strauch J, Bonas U. 1992. Race-specificity of plant resistance to bacterial spot disease determined by repetitive motifs in a bacterial avirulence protein. Nature 356: 172174.
  • Hsiao WWL, Ung K, Aeschliman D, Bryan J, Finlay BB, Brinkman FSL. 2005. Evidence of a large novel gene pool associated with prokaryotic genomic islands. Plos Genetics 1: 540550.
  • Hueck C. 1998. Type III protein secretion systems in bacterial pathogens of animals and plants. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 62: 379433.
  • Jackson RW, Athanassopoulos E, Tsiamis G, Mansfield JW, Sesma A, Arnold DL, Gibbon MJ, Murillo J, Taylor JD, Vivian A. 1999. Identification of a pathogenicity island, which contains genes for virulence and avirulence, on a large native plasmid in the bean pathogen Pseudomonas syringae pathovar. Phaseolicola. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 96: 1087510880.
  • Jamir Y, Guo M, Oh HS, Petnicki-Ocwieja T, Chen S, Tang X, Dickman MB, Collmer AR, Alfano J. 2004. Identification of Pseudomonas syringae type III effectors that can suppress programmed cell death in plants and yeast. Plant Journal 37: 554565.
  • Janjusevic R, Abramovitch RB, Martin GB, Stebbins CE. 2006. A bacterial inhibitor of host programmed cell death defenses is an E3 ubiquitin ligase. Science 311: 222226.
  • Jelenska J, Yao N, Vinatzer BA, Wright CM, Brodsky JL, Greenberg JT. 2007. A J domain virulence effector of Pseudomonas syringae remodels host chloroplasts and suppresses defenses. Current Biology 17: 499508.
  • Jones JDG, Dangl JL. 2006. The plant immune system. Nature 444: 323329.
  • Jones JB, Jackson LE, Balogh B, Obradovic A, Iriate FB, Momol MT. 2007. Bacteriophages for plant disease control. Annual Review of Phytopathology 45: 245262.
  • Kearney B, Ronald PC, Dahlbeck D, Staskawicz BJ. 1988. Molecular-basis for evasion of plant host defense in bacterial spot disease of pepper. Nature 332: 541543.
  • Kim HS, Desveaux D, Singer AU, Patel P, Sondek J, Dangl JL. 2005. The Pseudomonas syringae effector AvrRpt2 cleaves its C-terminally acylated target, RIN4, from Arabidopsis membranes to block RPM1 activation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 102: 64966501.
  • Kim JF, Charkowski AO, Alfano JR, Collmer A, Beer SV. 1998. Sequences related to transposable elements and bacteriophages flank avirulence genes of Pseudomonas syringae. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 11: 12471252.
  • Kim MG, Da Cunha L, McFall AJ, Belkhadir Y, DebRoy S, Dangl JL, Mackey D. 2005. Two Pseudomonas syringae type III effectors inhibit RIM-regulated basal defense in Arabidopsis. Cell 121: 749759.
  • Knodler LA, Celli J, Hardt WD, Vallance BA, Yip C, Finlay BB. 2002. Salmonella effectors within a single pathogenicity island are differentially expressed and translocated by separate type III secretion systems. Molecular Microbiology 43: 10891103.
  • Kojima S, Blair DF. 2004. The bacterial flagellar motor: structure and function of a complex molecular machine. International Review of Cytology – A Survey of Cell Biology, 233 93134.
  • Kunze G, Zipfel C, Robatzek S, Niehaus K, Boller T, Felix G. 2004. The N terminus of bacterial elongation factor Tu elicits innate immunity in Arabidopsis plants. Plant Cell 16: 34963507.
  • Lavie M, Seunes B, Prior P, Boucher C. 2004. Distribution and sequence analysis of a family of type III-dependent effectors correlate with the phylogeny of Ralstonia solanacearum strains. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 17: 931940.
  • Li XY, Lin HQ, Zhang WG, Zou Y, Zhang J, Tang XY, Zhou JM. 2005. Flagellin induces innate immunity in nonhost interactions that is suppressed by Pseudomonas syringae effectors. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 102: 1299012995.
  • Lin N-C, Abramovitch RB, Kim YJ, Martin GB. 2006. Diverse AvrPtoB homologs from several Pseudomonas syringae pathovars elicit Pto-dependent resistance and have similar virulence activities. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 72: 702712.
  • Lindeberg MJ, Stavrinides Chang JH, Alfano JRA, Collmer Dangl JL, Greenberg JT, Mansfield JW, Guttman DS. 2005. Unified nomenclature and phylogenetic analysis of extracellular proteins delivered by the type III secretion system of the plant pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 18: 275282.
  • Liu R, Ochman H. 2007. Stepwise formation of the bacterial flagellar system. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104: 71167121.
  • Lloyd SA, Norman M, Rosqvist R, Wolf-Watz H. 2001. Yersinia YopE is targeted for type III secretion by N-terminal, not mRNA, signals. Molecular Microbiology 39: 520531.
  • Lopez-Solanilla E, Bronstein PA, Schneider AR, Collmer A. 2004. HopPtoN is a Pseudomonas syringae Hrp (type III secretion system) cysteine protease effector that suppresses pathogen-induced necrosis associated with both compatible and incompatible plant interactions. Molecular Microbiology 54: 353365.
  • Ma W, Dong F, Stavrinides J, Guttman DS. 2006. Diversification of a type III effector family via both pathoadaptation and horizontal transfer in response to a coevolutionary arms race. Plos Genetics 2: 21312142.
  • Macnab RM. 2004. Type III flagellar protein export and flagellar assembly. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1694: 207217.
  • Makino S, Sugio A, White F, Bogdanove AJ. 2006. Inhibition of resistance gene-mediated defense in rice by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzicola. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 19: 240249.
  • Marie C, Broughton WJ, Deakin WJ. 2001. Rhizobium type III secretion systems: legume charmers or alarmers? Current Opinion in Plant Biology 4: 336342.
  • McCarter LL. 2006. Regulation of flagella. Current Opinion in Microbiology 9: 180186.
  • Medini D, Covacci A, Donati C. 2006. Protein homology network families reveal step-wise diversification of type III and type IV secretion systems. PLoS Computational Biology 2: 15431551.
  • Mirold S, Rabsch W, Rohde M, Stender S, Tschape H, Russmann H, Igwe E, Hardt WD. 1999. Isolation of a temperate bacteriophage encoding the type III effector protein SopE from an epidemic Salmonella typhimurium strain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 96: 98459850.
  • Mirold S, Rabsch W, Tschape H, Hardt WD. 2001. Transfer of the Salmonella type III effector sopE between unrelated phage families. Journal of Molecular Biology 312: 716.
  • Mudgett MB, Chesnokova O, Dahlbeck D, Clark ET, Rossier O, Bonas U, Staskawicz BJ. 2000. Molecular signals required for type III secretion and translocation of the Xanthomonas campestris AvrBs2 protein to pepper plants. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 97: 1332413329.
  • Namba K, Vonderviszt F. 1997. Molecular architecture of bacterial flagellum. Quarterly Reviews of Biophysics 30: 165.
  • Nguyen L, Paulsen IT, Tchieu J, Hueck CJ, Saier MH. 2000. Phylogenetic analyses of the constituents of type III protein secretion systems. Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology 2: 125144.
  • Nomura K, DebRoy S, Lee YH, Pumplin N, Jones J, He SY. 2006. A bacterial virulence protein suppresses host innate immunity to cause plant disease. Science 313: 220223.
  • Nurnberger T, Brunner F. 2002. Innate immunity in plants and animals: emerging parallels between the recognition of general elicitors and pathogen-associated molecular patterns. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 5: 318324.
  • Nurnberger T, Brunner F, Kemmerling B, Piater L. 2004. Innate immunity in plants and animals: striking similarities and obvious differences. Immunological Reviews 198: 249266.
  • Oh HS, Collmer A. 2005. Basal resistance against bacteria in Nicotiana benthamiana leaves is accompanied by reduced vascular staining and suppressed by multiple Pseudomonas syringae type III secretion system effector proteins. Plant Journal 44: 348359.
  • Pallen MJ, Beatson SA, Bailey CM. 2005. Bioinformatics, genomics and evolution of non-flagellar type-III secretion systems: a Darwinian perspective. FEMS Microbiology Reviews 29: 201229.
  • Patthy L. 1999. Genome evolution and the evolution of exon-shuffling – a review. Gene 238: 103114.
  • Patthy L. 2003. Modular assembly of genes and the evolution of new functions. Genetica 118: 217231.
  • Petnicki-Ocwieja T, Schneider DJ, Tam VC et al . 2002. Genomewide identification of proteins secreted by the Hrp type III protein secretion system of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 99: 76527657.
  • Pitman AR, Jackson RW, Mansfield JW, Kaitell V, Thwaites R, Arnold DL. 2005. Exposure to host resistance mechanisms drives evolution of bacterial virulence in plants. Current Biology 15: 22302235.
  • Prager R, Mirold S, Tietze E, Strutz U, Knuppel B, Rabsch W, Hardt WD, Tschape H. 2000. Prevalence and polymorphism of genes encoding translocated effector proteins among clinical isolates of Salmonella enterica. International Journal of Medical Microbiology 290: 605617.
  • Reuber TL, Ausubel FM. 1996. Isolation of Arabidopsis genes that differentiate between resistance responses mediated by the RPS2 and RPM1 disease resistance genes. Plant Cell 8: 241249.
  • Ritter C, Dangl JL. 1995. The avrRpm1 gene of Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola is required for virulence on Arabidopsis. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 8: 444453.
  • Ritter C, Dangl JL. 1996. Interference between two specific pathogen recognition events mediated by distinct plant disease resistance genes. Plant Cell 8: 251257.
  • Robertson AE, Wechter WP, Denny TP, Fortnum BA, Kluepfel DA. 2004. Relationship between avirulence gene (avrA) diversity in Ralstonia solanacearum and bacterial wilt incidence. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 17: 13761384.
  • Rohmer L, Guttman DS, Dangl JL. 2004. Diverse evolutionary mechanisms shape the type III effector virulence factor repertoire in plant pathogenic Pseudomonas syringae. Genetics 167: 13411360.
  • Rosebrock TR, Zeng L, Brady JJ, Abramovitch RB, Xiao F, Martin GB. 2007. A bacterial E3 ubiquitin ligase targets a host protein kinase to disrupt plant immunity. Nature 448: 370374.
  • Saier MH Jr. 2004. Evolution of bacterial type III protein secretion systems. Trends in Microbiology 12: 113115.
  • Sarkar SF, Gordon JS, Martin GB, Guttman DS. 2006. Comparative genomics of host-specific virulence in Pseudomonas syringae. Genetics 174: 10411056.
  • Schechter LM, Roberts KA, Jamir Y, Alfano JR, Collmer A. 2004. Pseudomonas syringae type III secretion system targeting signals and novel effectors studied with a Cya translocation reporter. Journal of Bacteriology 186: 543555.
  • Shang YL, Li XY, Cui HT, He P, Thilmony R, Chintamanani S, Zwiesier-Vollick J, Gopalan S, Tang XY, Zhou JM. 2006. RAR1, a central player in plant immunity, is targeted by Pseudomonas syringae effector AvrB. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 103: 1920019205.
  • Sokurenko EV, Chesnokova V, Dykhuizen DE, Ofek I, Wu XR, Krogfelt KA, Struve C, Schembri MA, Hasty DL. 1998. Pathogenic adaptation of Escherichia coli by natural variation of the FimH adhesin. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 95: 89228926.
  • Sokurenko EV, Hasty DL, Dykhuizen DE. 1999. Pathoadaptive mutations: gene loss and variation in bacterial pathogens. Trends in Microbiology 7: 191195.
  • Sory MP, Cornelis GR. 1994. Translocation of a hybrid YopE-adenylate cyclase from Yersinia enterocolitica into HeLa cells. Molecular Microbiology 14: 583594.
  • Sory MP, Boland A, Lambermont I, Cornelis GR. 1995. Identification of the YopE and YopH domains required for secretion and internalization into the cytosol of macrophages, using the cyaA gene fusion approach. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 92: 1199812002.
  • Stavrinides J, Ma W, Guttman DS. 2006. Terminal reassortment drives the quantum evolution of type III effectors in bacterial pathogens. PLoS Pathogens 2: e104.
  • Stebbins CE, Galan JE. 2000. Modulation of host signaling by a bacterial mimic: structure of the Salmonella effector SptP bound to Rac1. Molecular Cell 6: 14491460.
  • Stebbins CE, Galan JE. 2001. Structural mimicry in bacterial virulence. Nature 412: 701705.
  • Stevens C, Bennett MA, Athanassopoulos E, Tsiamis G, Taylor JD, Mansfield JW. 1998. Sequence variations in alleles of the avirulence gene avrPphE.R2 from Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola lead to loss of recognition of the AvrPphE protein within bean cells and a gain in cultivar-specific virulence. Molecular Microbiology 29: 165177.
  • Tobe T, Beatson SA, Taniguchi H et al . 2006. An extensive repertoire of type III secretion effectors in Escherichia coli O157 and the role of lambdoid phages in their dissemination. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 103: 1494114946.
  • De Torres M, Mansfield JW, Grabov N, Brown IR, Ammouneh H, Tsiamis G, Forsyth A, Robatzek S, Grant M, Boch J. 2006. Pseudomonas syringae effector AvrPtoB suppresses basal defence in Arabidopsis. Plant Journal 47: 368382.
  • Troisfontaines P, Cornelis GR. 2005. Type III secretion: more systems than you think. Physiology 20: 326339.
  • Tsiamis G, Mansfield JW, Hockenhull R et al . 2000. Cultivar-specific avirulence and virulence functions assigned to avrPphF in Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola, the cause of bean halo-blight disease. EMBO Journal 19: 32043214.
  • Van Valen L. 1973. A new evolutionary law. Evolutionary Theory 1: 130.
  • Van Gijsegem F, Gough C, Zischek C, Niqueux E, Arlat M, Genin S, Barberis P, German S, Castello P, Boucher C. 1995. The hrp gene locus of Pseudomonas solanacearum, which controls the production of a type III secretion system, encodes eight proteins related to components of the bacterial flagellar biogenesis complex. Molecular Microbiology 15: 10951114.
  • Vinatzer BA, Teitzel GM, Lee MW, Jelenska J, Hotton S, Fairfax K, Jenrette J, Greenberg JT. 2006. The type III effector repertoire of Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae B728a and its role in survival and disease on host and non-host plants. Molecular Microbiology 62: 2644.
  • Weber E, Koebnik R. 2006. Positive selection of the Hrp pilin HrpE of the plant pathogen Xanthomonas. Journal of Bacteriology 188: 14051410.
  • Weissman SJ, Moseley SL, Dykhuizen DE, Sokurenko EV. 2003. Enterobacterial adhesins and the case for studying SNPs in bacteria. Trends in Microbiology 11: 115117.
  • Wichmann G, Ritchie D, Kousik CS, Bergelson J. 2005. Reduced genetic variation occurs among genes of the highly clonal plant pathogen Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria, including the effector gene Avrbs2. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 71: 24182432.
  • Yang B, Sugio A, White FF. 2005. Avoidance of host recognition by alterations in the repetitive and C-terminal regions of AvrXa7, a type III effector of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae. Molecular Plant–Microbe Interactions 18: 142149.
  • Yang Y, Gabriel DW. 1995. Intragenic recombination of a single plant pathogen gene provides a mechanism for the evolution of new host specificities. Journal of Bacteriology 177: 49634968.
  • Zipfel C, Robatzek S, Navarro L, Oakeley EJ, Jones JD, Felix G, Boller T. 2004. Bacterial disease resistance in Arabidopsis through flagellin perception. Nature 428: 764767.