SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Baker WJ, Hedderson TA, Dransfield J. 2000. Molecular phylogenetics of Calamus (Palmae) and related rattan genera based on 5S nrDNA spacer sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 14: 218231.
  • Burkill IH. 1966. A dictionary of the economic products of the Malay Peninsula. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperative.
  • Corner EJH. 1966. The natural history of palms. Berkeley, CA, USA: University of California Press.
  • Dransfield J. 1978. Growth forms of rain forest palms. In: TomlinsonPB, ZimmermannMH, eds. Tropical trees as living systems. New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 247268.
  • Dransfield J, Uhl NW, Asmussen CB, Baker WJ, Harley MM, Lewis CE. 2005. An outline of a new phylogenetic classification of the palm family, Arecaceae. Kew Bulletin 60: 559569.
  • Ewers FW, Fisher JB. 1989. Variation in vessel length and diameter in stems of six tropical and subtropical lianas. American Journal of Botany 76: 14521459.
  • Ewers FW, Fisher JB. 1991. Why vines have narrow stems: histological trends in Bauhinia (Fabaceae). Oecologia 88: 233237.
  • Fisher JB, Ewers FW. 1989. Wound healing in stems of lianas after twisting and girdling injuries. Botanical Gazette 150: 251265.
  • Fisher JB, Ewers FW. 1991. Structural responses to stem injury in vines. In: PutzFE, MooneyHA, eds. The biology of vines. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 99124.
  • Henderson A, Chavez F. 1993. Desmoncus as a useful palm in the Western Amazon basin. Principes 37: 184186.
  • Holttum RE. 1955. Growth-habits of monocotyledons-variations on a theme. Phytomorphology 5: 399413.
  • Isnard S. 2006. Biomechanics and development of rattans: what is special about Plectocomia himalayana Griff. (Calamoideae, Plectocomiinae)? Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 151: 8391.
  • Isnard S, Speck T, Rowe NP. 2003. Mechanical architecture and development in different growth forms of Clematis: implications for canalised evolution of growth forms. New Phytologist 158: 543559.
  • Isnard S, Speck T, Rowe NP. 2005. Biomechanics and development of the climbing habit in two species of the South American Palm genus Desmoncus (Arecaceae). American Journal of Botany 92: 14441456.
  • Jones DL. 1995. Palms throughout the world. Sydney, Australia: New Holland Publishers.
  • Niklas KJ. 1992. Plant biomechanics: an engineering approach to plant form and function. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago press.
  • Obaton M. 1957. Les lianes ligneuses à structure anormale des forêts denses d’Afrique occidentale. Paris, France: Doctorat és Sciences Naturelles, Faculté des Sciences.
  • Putz FE. 1990. Growth habits and trellis requirements of climbing palms (Calamus spp.) in north-eastern Queensland. Australian Journal of Botany 38: 603608.
  • Putz FE, Holbrook NM. 1991. Biomechanical studies of vines. In: PutzFE, MooneyHA, eds. The biology of vines. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 7397.
  • Rich PM. 1986. Mechanical architecture of arborescent rain forest palms. Principes 30: 117131.
  • Rich PM. 1987. Developmental anatomy of the stem of Welfia georgii, Iriartea gigantea, and other arborescent palms: implications for mechanical support. American Journal of Botany 74: 792802.
  • Rowe NP, Isnard S, Gallenmüller F, Speck T. 2006. Diversity of mechanical architectures in climbing plants: an ecological perspective. In: HerrelA, SpeckT, RoweNP, eds. Ecology and biomechanics: a mechanical approach to the ecology of animals and plants. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press LLC, 3559.
  • Rowe NP, Isnard S, Speck T. 2004. Diversity of mechanical architecture in climbing plants: an evolutionary perspective. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 23: 108128.
  • Rowe NP, Speck T. 1996. Biomechanical characteristics of the ontogeny and growth habit of the tropical liana Condylocarpon guianense (Apocynaceae). International Journal of Plant Sciences 157: 406417.
  • Rowe NP, Speck T. 1998. Biomechanics of plant growth forms: the trouble with fossil plants. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 102: 4362.
  • Rowe NP, Speck T. 2004. Hydraulics and mechanics of plants: novelty, innovation and evolution. In: PooleI, HemsleyAR, eds. The evolution of plant physiology. Kew, UK: Elsevier Academic Press, 297325.
  • Speck T. 1994. A biomechanical method to distinguish between self-supporting and non self-supporting fossil plants. Review of Paleobotany and Palynology 81: 6582.
  • Speck T, Neinhuis C, Gallenmüller F, Rowe NP. 1997. Trees and shrubs in the mainly lianescent genus Aristolochia s.l.: secondary evolution of the self-supporting habit? In: JeronimidisG, VincentJFV, eds. Plant biomechanics. Reading, UK: University of Reading, 201208.
  • Tomlinson PB. 1962. The leaf base in palms its morphology and mechanical biology. Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 43: 2345.
  • Tomlinson PB, Fisher JB. 2000. Stem vasculature in climbing monocotyledons: a comparative approach. In: WilsonKL, MorrisonDA, eds. Monocots: systematics and evolution. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, 8996.
  • Tomlinson PB, Fisher JB, Spangler RE, Richer RA. 2001. Stem vascular architecture in the rattan palm Calamus (Arecaceae-Calamoideae-Calaminae). American Journal of Botany 88: 797809.
  • Tomlinson PB, Spangler RE. 2002. Developmental features of the discontinuous stem vascular system in the rattan palm Calamus (Arecaceae-Calamoideae-Calamineae). American Journal of Botany 89: 11281141.
  • Tomlinson PB, Zimmermann MH. 2003. Stem vascular architecture in the American climbing palm Desmoncus (Arecaceae-Arecoideae-Bactridinae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 142: 243254.
  • Uhl NW, Dransfield J. 1987. Genera Palmarum: A classification of palms based on the work of Harold E. Moore, Jr. Lawrence, KS, USA: Allen Press.
  • Vincent JFV. 1990. Structural biomaterials. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
  • Wickens GE. 2001. Timber and wood production. Economic botany: principles and practices. Dordrecht, the Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Zhu H, Cai L. 2004. Vegetation of upper Mekong valley. Mankind and nature, Supplement 7. Kunming, China: Yunnan Education Publishing House.