Differential regulation of grain sucrose accumulation and metabolism in Coffea arabica (Arabica) and Coffea canephora (Robusta) revealed through gene expression and enzyme activity analysis
Article first published online: 31 MAR 2008
© The Authors (2008). Journal compilation © New Phytologist (2008)
Volume 178, Issue 4, pages 781–797, June 2008
How to Cite
Privat, I., Foucrier, S., Prins, A., Epalle, T., Eychenne, M., Kandalaft, L., Caillet, V., Lin, C., Tanksley, S., Foyer, C. and Mccarthy, J. (2008), Differential regulation of grain sucrose accumulation and metabolism in Coffea arabica (Arabica) and Coffea canephora (Robusta) revealed through gene expression and enzyme activity analysis. New Phytologist, 178: 781–797. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02425.x
- Issue published online: 31 MAR 2008
- Article first published online: 31 MAR 2008
- Received: 21 November 2007Accepted: 27 January 2008
- cup quality;
- grain maturation;
- sucrose metabolism
- • Coffea arabica (Arabica) and Coffea canephora (Robusta) are the two main cultivated species used for coffee bean production. Arabica genotypes generally produce a higher coffee quality than Robusta genotypes. Understanding the genetic basis for sucrose accumulation during coffee grain maturation is an important goal because sucrose is an important coffee flavor precursor.
- • Nine new Coffea genes encoding sucrose metabolism enzymes have been identified: sucrose phosphate synthase (CcSPS1, CcSPS2), sucrose phosphate phosphatase (CcSP1), cytoplasmic (CaInv3) and cell wall (CcInv4) invertases and four invertase inhibitors (CcInvI1, 2, 3, 4).
- • Activities and mRNA abundance of the sucrose metabolism enzymes were compared at different developmental stages in Arabica and Robusta grains, characterized by different sucrose contents in mature grain.
- • It is concluded that Robusta accumulates less sucrose than Arabica for two reasons: Robusta has higher sucrose synthase and acid invertase activities early in grain development – the expression of CcSS1 and CcInv2 appears to be crucial at this stage and Robusta has a lower SPS activity and low CcSPS1 expression at the final stages of grain development and hence has less capacity for sucrose re-synthesis. Regulation of vacuolar invertase CcInv2 activity by invertase inhibitors CcInvI2 and/or CcInvI3 during Arabica grain development is considered.