CO2 enrichment increases carbon and nitrogen input from fine roots in a deciduous forest
Article first published online: 5 JUN 2008
No claim to original US government works. Journal compilation © New Phytologist (2008)
Volume 179, Issue 3, pages 837–847, August 2008
How to Cite
Iversen, C. M., Ledford, J. and Norby, R. J. (2008), CO2 enrichment increases carbon and nitrogen input from fine roots in a deciduous forest. New Phytologist, 179: 837–847. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2008.02516.x
- Issue published online: 15 JUL 2008
- Article first published online: 5 JUN 2008
- Received: 3 March 2008 Accepted: 20 April 2008
- 1997. Modeling nitrogen saturation in forest ecosystems in response to land use and atmospheric deposition. Ecological Modelling 101: 61–78. , , .
- 1992. Root turnover as determinant of the cycling of C, N, and P in a dry heathland ecosystem. Biogeochemistry 15: 175–190. , ,
- Fine root growth and mortality in different aged ponderosa pine stands. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. , , , . (in press).
- 2005. Influences of root diameter, tree age, soil depth and season on fine root survivorship in Prunus avium. Plant and Soil 276: 15–22. , .
- 2000. Role of the soil matrix and minerals in protecting natural organic materials against biological attack. Organic Geochemistry 31: 697–710. , .
- 2001. Root system adjustments: regulation of plant nutrient uptake and growth responses to elevated CO2. Oecologia 126: 305–320. , ,
- 2000. Relationships between fine root dynamics and nitrogen availability in Michigan northern hardwood forests. Oecologia 125: 389–399. , , .
- 2005. Data-model integration is not magic. New Phytologist 166: 355–357. , .
- 1995. Effects of enhanced atmospheric CO2 and nutrient supply on the quality and subsequent decomposition of fine roots of Betula pendula Roth. and Picea sitchensis (Bong.) Carr. Plant and Soil 170: 267–277. ,
- 1998. Elevated CO2 reduces the nitrogen concentration of plant tissues. Global Change Biology 4: 43–54. , ,
- 1998. A meta-analysis of elevated CO2 effects on woody plant mass, form, and physiology. Oecologia 113: 299–313. , .
- 1994. Carbon pools and flux of global forest ecosystems. Science 263: 185–190. , , , , ,
- 2000. Building roots in a changing environment: implications for root longevity. New Phytologist 147: 33–42. , , , .
- 2007. Metabolic scaling and the evolutionary dynamics of plant size, form, and diversity: toward a synthesis of ecology, evolution, and paleontology. International Journal of Plant Sciences 168: 729–749. , , .
- 2007. Increases in nitrogen uptake rather than nitrogen-use efficiency support higher rates of temperate forest productivity under elevated CO2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104: 14014–14019. , , , , , , , , , et al .
- 2007. Stability of organic carbon in deep soil layers controlled by fresh carbon supply. Nature 450: 277–280. , , , , ,
- 2007. Optimal nitrogen allocation controls tree responses to elevated CO2. New Phytologist 174: 811–822.
- 2000. Carbon dynamics of surface residue- and root-derived organic matter under simulated no-till. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64: 190–195. , .
- 2000. Root-derived carbon and the formation and stabilization of aggregates. Soil Science Society of America Journal 64: 201–207. , , .
- 2000. Global patterns of root turnover for terrestrial ecosystems. New Phytologist 147: 13–31. , .
- 2000. Nutrient concentrations in fine roots. Ecology 81: 275–280. , .
- 2007. Elevated CO2 increases nitrogen rhizodeposition and microbial immobilization of root-derived nitrogen. New Phytologist 173: 778–786. , ,
- 2008. Fine root heterogeneity by branch order: exploring the discrepancy in root turnover estimates between minirhizotron and carbon isotopic methods. New Phytologist 177: 443–456. , , , , , , .
- 2004. Fine root branch orders respond differentially to carbon source-sink manipulations in a longleaf pine forest. Oecologia 140: 450–457. , , .
- 1993. A comparison of minirhizotron, core and monolith methods for quantifying barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and fababean (Vicia faba L.) root distribution. Plant and Soil 148: 29–41. , .
- 1977. Simulation-model for decomposition in grasslands. Ecology 58: 469–484. .
- 2008. Nitrogen limitation in a sweetgum plantation: implications for carbon allocation and storage. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 1021–1032. , .
- 1996. A global analysis of root distributions for terrestrial biomes. Oecologia 108: 389–411. , , , , , .
- 1997. A global budget for fine root biomass, surface area, and nutrient contents. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 94: 7362–7366. , , .
- 2000. Belowground consequences of vegetation change and their treatment in models. Ecological Applications 10: 470–483. , , , , , , , , , et al .
- 2005. Elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide increases soil carbon. Global Change Biology 11: 2057–2064. , , , , , , .
- 2001. Advancing fine root research with minirhizotrons. Environmental and Experimental Botany 45: 263–289. , , , .
- 2006. Fine-root turnover patterns and their relationship to root diameter and soil depth in a 14C-labeled hardwood forest. New Phytologist 172: 523–535. , , , , .
- 1999. Disturbances during minirhizotron installation can affect root observation data. Soil Science Society of America Journal 63: 218–221. , .
- 2003. On the importance of including soil nutrient feedback effects for predicting ecosystem carbon exchange. Functional Plant Biology 30: 223–237. , , , .
- 2000. Review of mechanisms and quantification of priming effects. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 32: 1485–1498. , ,
- 2007. ORNL FACE fine root data. Oak Ridge, TN, USA: U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (http://cdiac.ornl.gov). , , .
- 1996. SAS for mixed models. Cary, NC, USA: SAS Institute, Inc. .
- 1998. Statistical analysis of repeated measures data using SAS procedures. Journal of Animal Science 76: 1216–1231. , , .
- 2004. Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide: plants FACE the future. Annual Review of Plant Biology 55: 591–628. , , , .
- 2004. Progressive nitrogen limitation of ecosystem responses to rising atmospheric carbon dioxide. Bioscience 54: 731–739. , , , , , , , , , et al .
- 2001. A review of carbon and nitrogen processes in nine U.S. soil nitrogen dynamics models. In: ShafferMJ, MaL, HansenS, eds. Modeling carbon and nitrogen dynamics for soil management. New York, NY, USA: CRC Press, LLC, 55–102. , .
- 2005. Measuring fine root turnover in forest ecosystems. Plant and Soil 276: 1–8. , , , , .
- 2003. Impacts of fine root turnover on forest NPP and soil C sequestration potential. Science 302: 1385–1387. , , , , .
- 2000. Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 on fine root production and activity in an intact temperate forest ecosystem. Global Change Biology 6: 967–979. , .
- 1991. Nutrient retranslocation in temperate conifers. Tree Physiology 9: 185–207. , .
- 2005. Forest response to elevated CO2 is conserved across a broad range of productivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 102: 18052–18056. , , , , , , , , , et al .
- 2002. Net primary productivity of a CO2-enriched deciduous forest and the implications for carbon storage. Ecological Applications 12: 1261–1266. , , , , , , , , , et al .
- 2006. Nitrogen uptake, distribution, turnover, and efficiency of use in a CO2-enriched sweetgum forest. Ecology 87: 5–14. , .
- 2000. Root dynamics and global change: seeking an ecosystem perspective. New Phytologist 147: 3–12. , .
- 2004. Fine-root production dominates response of a deciduous forest to atmospheric CO2 enrichment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 101: 9689–9693. , , , , .
- 2001. Allometric determination of tree growth in a CO2-enriched sweetgum stand. New Phytologist 150: 477–487. , , , .
- 1988. Dynamics of C, N, P and S in grassland soils – a model. Biogeochemistry 5: 109–131. , , .
- 2007. Towards a rhizo-centric view of plant-microbial feedbacks under elevated atmospheric CO2. New Phytologist 173: 664–667. .
- 2002. Fine roots of trees – a new perspective. New Phytologist 154: 267–270. .
- 2003. Woody plants, carbon allocation and fine roots. New Phytologist 158: 421–424. .
- 2002. Fine root architecture of nine North American trees. Ecological Monographs 72: 293–309. , , , , , .
- 2008. Can you believe what you see? Reconciling minirhizotron and isotopically derived estimates of fine root longevity. New Phytologist 177: 287–291. , .
- 2008b. Fine root dynamics in a loblolly pine forest are influenced by free-air-CO2-enrichment: a 6-yr minirhizotron study. Global Change Biology 14: 588–602. , , , , , , , ,
- 2008a. Mycorrhizal and rhizomorph dynamics in a loblolly pine forest during 5 yr of free-air-CO2-enrichment. Global Change Biology 14: 1–13. , , , ,
- 1997. Biogeochemistry: an analysis of global change. San Diego, CA, USA: Academic Press, Inc. .
- 2001. Global patterns in root decomposition: comparisons of climate and litter quality effects. Oecologia 129: 407–419. , .
- 1996. Stabilization and destabilization of soil organic matter: mechanisms and controls. Geoderma 74: 65–105. , , .
- 2008. Irreconcilable differences: fine-root life spans and soil carbon persistence. Science 319: 456–458. , , , ,
- 2001. Evaluating minirhizotron estimates of fine root longevity and production in the forest floor of a temperate broadleaf forest. Plant and Soil 229: 167–176. , .
- 2002. Fine root turnover in a northern hardwood forest: a direct comparison of the radiocarbon and minirhizotron methods. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32: 1692–1697. , .
- 2000. Elevated CO2 and conifer roots: effects on growth, life span and turnover. New Phytologist 147: 87–103. , , .
- 2005. Estimates of Douglas-fir fine root production and mortality from minirhizotrons. Forest Ecology and Management 204: 359–370. , , , , , .
- 1998. Analysis of some direct and indirect methods for estimating root biomass and production of forests at an ecosystem level. Plant and Soil 200: 71–89. , ,
- 2001. Marked differences in survivorship among apple roots of different diameters. Ecology 82: 882–892. , .
- 2006. Comparisons of structure and life span in roots and leaves among temperate trees. Ecological Monographs 76: 381–397. , , , .
- 2007. Irrigation and enhanced soil carbon input effects on below-ground carbon cycling in semiarid temperate grasslands. New Phytologist 174: 835–846. , , , , .
- 1993. Elevated atmospheric CO2 and feedback between carbon and nitrogen cycles. Plant and Soil 151: 105–117. , , , , , .
- 2000. Elevated atmospheric CO2, fine roots and the response of soil microorganisms: a review and hypothesis. New Phytologist 147: 201–222. , , , .