SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Arnold AE. 2007. Understanding the diversity of foliar fungal endophytes: progress, challenges and frontiers. Fungal Biology Reviews 21: 5166.
  • Arnold AE. 2008. Endophytic fungi: hidden components of tropical community ecology. In: SchnitzerS, CarsonW, eds. Tropical forest community ecology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 254271.
  • Arnold AE, Henk DA, Eells RL, Lutzoni F, Vilgalys R. 2007. Diversity and phylogenetic affinities of foliar fungal endophytes in loblolly pine inferred by culturing and environmental PCR. Mycologia 99: 185206.
  • Arnold AE, Lutzoni F. 2007. Diversity and host range of foliar fungal endophytes: are tropical leaves biodiversity hotspots? Ecology 88: 541549.
  • Arnold AE, Maynard Z, Gilbert GS, Coley PD, Kursar TA. 2000. Are tropical endophytes hyperdiverse? Ecology Letters 3: 267274.
  • Ash C, Jasny BR, Roberts L, Stone R, Sugden A. 2008. Reimagining cities – introduction. Science 319: 739.
  • Blair RB. 1999. Birds and butterflies along an urban gradient: surrogate taxa for assessing biodiversity? Ecological Applications 9: 164170.
  • Blair RB. 2004. The effects of urban sprawl on birds at multiple levels of biological organization. Ecology and Society 9: 2.
  • Brekken A, Steinnes E. 2004. Seasonal concentrations of cadmium and zinc in native pasture plants: consequences for grazing animals. Science of the Total Environment 326: 181195.
  • Carroll GC, Muller EM, Sutton BC. 1977. Preliminary studies on the incidence of needle endophytes in some European conifers. Sydowia 29: 87103.
  • Cincotta RP, Engelman R. 2000. Biodiversity and population growth. Issues in Science and Technology 16: 8081.
  • Colwell RK. 2006. EstimateS: statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 8. http://purl/oclc.org/estimates
  • Deram A, Denayer F-O, Petit D, van Haluwyn C. 2006. Seasonal variations of cadmium and zinc in Arrhenathrerum elatius, a perennial grass species from highly contaminated soils. Environmental Pollution 140: 6270.
  • Fisher RA, Corbet AS, Williams CB. 1943. The relation between the number of species and the number of individuals in a random sample of an animal population. Journal of Animal Ecology 12: 4258.
  • Gardes M, Bruns TD. 1993. ITS primers with enhanced specificity for basidiomycetes – application to the identification of mycorrhizae and rusts. Molecular Ecology 2: 113118.
  • Hamady M, Walker JJ, Harris JK, Gold NJ, Knight R. 2008. Error-correcting barcoded primers for pyrosequencing hundreds of samples in multiplex. Nature Methods 5: 235237.
  • Hata K, Futai K, Tsuda M. 1998. Seasonal and needle age-dependent changes of the endophytic mycobiota in Pinus thunbergii and Pinus densiflora needles. Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 245250.
  • Helander ML. 1995. Responses of pine needle endophytes to air pollution. New Phytologist 131: 223229.
  • Helander M, Ahlholm J, Sieber TN, Hinneri S, Saikkonen K. 2007. Fragmented environment affects birch leaf endophytes. New Phytologist 175: 547553.
  • Herre EA, Mejia LC, Kyllo DA, Rojas E, Maynard Z, Butler A, van Bael SA. 2007. Ecological implications of anti-pathogen effects of tropical fungal endophytes and mycorrhizae. Ecology 88: 550558.
  • Hibbett DS, Ohman A, Kirk PM. 2009. Fungal ecology catches fire. New Phytologist 184: 279282.
  • Hope D, Gries C, Casagrande D, Redman CL, Grimm NB, Martin C. 2006. Drivers of spatial variation in plant diversity across the central Arizona - Phoenix ecosystem. Society & Natural Resources 19: 101116.
  • Huang XQ, Madan A. 1999. CAP3: a DNA sequence assembly program. Genome Research 9: 868877.
  • Johnson JA, Whitney NJ. 1992. Isolation of endophytes from black spruce (Picea mariana) dormant buds and needles from New Brunswick, Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany 70: 17541757.
  • Jumpponen A, Jones KL. 2009. Massively parallel 454-sequencing indicates hyperdiverse fungal communities in temperate Quercus macrocarpa phyllosphere. New Phytologist 184: 438448.
  • Kaneko R, Kakishima M, Tokumasu S. 2003. The seasonal occurrence of endophytic fungus, Mycosphearella buna, in Japanese beech, Fagus crenata. Mycoscience 44: 277281.
  • Kaneko R, Kaneko S. 2004. The effect of bagging branches on levels of endophytic fungal infection in Japanese beech leaves. Forest Pathology 34: 6578.
  • Kareiva P, Watts S, McDonald R, Boucher T. 2007. Domesticated nature: shaping landscapes and ecosystems for human welfare. Science 316: 18661869.
  • Kaye JP, Groffman PM, Grimm NB, Baker LA, Pouyat RV. 2006. A distinct urban biogeochemistry? Trends in Ecology & Evolution 21: 192199.
  • Kühn I, Brandl R, Klotz S. 2004. The flora of German cities is naturally species rich. Evolutionary Ecology Research 6: 749764.
  • Lambais MR, Crowley DE, Cury JC, Bull RC, Rodriques RR. 2006. Bacterial diversity in tree canopies of the Atlantic forest. Science 312: 1917.
  • Margulies M, Egholm M, Altman WE, Attiya S, Bader JS, Bemben LA, Berka J, Braverman MS, Chen YJ, Chen ZT et al. 2005. Genome sequencing in microfabricated high-density picolitre reactors. Nature 437: 376380.
  • Mather PM. 1976. Computational methods of multivariate analysis in physical geography. London, UK: J Wiley & Sons, 532.
  • McCune B, Mefford MJ. 1999. PC-ORD multivariate analysis of ecological data, version 4. Glendale Beach, OR, USA: MjM Software.
  • McKinney ML. 2002. Urbanization, biodiversity, and conservation. BioScience 52: 883890.
  • McKinney ML, Lockwood JL. 1999. Biotic homogenization: a few winners replacing many losers in the next mass extinction. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 14: 450453.
  • Meyer M, Stenzel U, Hofreiter M. 2008. Parallel tagged sequencing on the 454 platform. Nature Protocols 3: 267278.
  • Milne KL, Hudson HJ. 1987. Artificial infection of leaves of the London Plane by ascospores and conidia of Apiognomonia veneta. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 88: 399401.
  • Neely DE, Himelick EB. 1967. Characteristics and nomenclature of the oak anthracnose fungus. Phytopathology 57: 12301236.
  • Nilsson RH, Ryberg M, Abarenkov K, Sjökvist E, Kristiansson E. 2009. The ITS region as a target for characterization of fungal communities using emerging sequencing technologies. FEMS Microbiology Letters 296: 97101.
  • Nilsson RH, Ryberg M, Kristiansson E, Abarenkov K, Larsson K-H, Köljalg U. 2006. Taxonomic reliability of DNA sequences in public databases: a fungal perspective. PLoS ONE 1: e59.
  • Osono T. 2008. Endophytic and epiphytic phyllosphere fungi of Camellia japonica: seasonal and leaf age-dependent variations. Mycologia 100: 387391.
  • Osono T, Mori A. 2005. Seasonal and leaf age-dependent changes in occurrence of phyllosphere fungi of giant dogwood. Mycoscience 46: 273279.
  • Paul MJ, Meyer JL. 2001. Streams in the urban landscape. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 32: 333365.
  • Pouyat RV, McDonnell MJ. 1991. Heavy metal accumulations in forest soils along an urban-rural gradient in southeastern New York, USA. Water Air and Soil Pollution 57–58: 797807.
  • Quince C, Lanzen A, Curtis TP, Davenport RJ, Hall N, Head IM, Read LF, Sloan WT. 2009. Accurate determination of microbial diversity from 454 pyrosequencing data. Nature Methods 6: 639.
  • Ragazzi A, Moricca S, Capretti P, Dellavalle I. 1999. Infection ability of ascospores and conidia of Apiognomonia quercina on oaks. Journal of Plant Diseases 106: 490494.
  • Reeder J, Knight R. 2009. The ‘rare biosphere’: a reality check. Nature Methods 6: 636.
  • Rodrigues RJ, White JF, Arnold AE, Redman RS. 2009. Fungal endophytes: diversity and functional roles. New Phytologist 182: 314330.
  • Roesch LF, Fulthorpe RR, Riva A, Gasella G, Hadwin AKM, Kent AD, Daroub SH, Camargo FAO, Farmerie WG, Triplett EW. 2007. Pyrosequencing enumerates and contrasts soil microbial diversity. ISME Journal 1: 283290.
  • Roetzer T, Wittenzeller M, Haeckel H, Nekovar J. 2000. Phenology in central Europe – differences and trends of spring phenophases in urban and rural areas. International Journal of Biometeorology 44: 6066.
  • Sahashi N, Kubono T, Miyasawa Y, Ito S. 1999. Temporal variations in isolation frequency of endophytic fungi of Japanese beech. Canadian Journal of Botany 77: 197202.
  • Saikkonen K, Faeth SH, Helander M, Sullivan TJ. 1998. Fungal endophytes: a continuum of interactions with host plants. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 29: 319343.
  • Santamaria J, Bayman P. 2005. Fungal epiphytes and endophytes of coffee leaves (Coffea arabica). Microbial Ecology 50: 18.
  • Shochat E, Lerman SB, Katti M, Lewis DB. 2004. Linking optimal foraging behavior to bird community structure in an urban-desert landscape: field experiments with artificial food patches. American Naturalist 164: 232243.
  • Sogin ML, Morrison HG, Huber JA, Welch DM, Huse SM, Neal PR, Arrieta JM, Hemdl GJ. 2006. Microbial diversity in the deep sea and the underexplored “rare biosphere”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA 103: 1211512120.
  • Stone JK. 1987. Initiation and development of latent infections by Rhabdocline parkeri on Douglas-fir. Canadian Journal of Botany 57: 28002811.
  • Suto Y. 1999. Mycospaerella chaenomelis sp. nov.: the teleomorph of Cercosporella sp., the causal fungus of frosty mildew in Chaenomeles sinensis, and its role as the primary infection source. Mycoscience 40: 509516.
  • Sutton JC. 1992. Epidemiology of wheat head blight and maize ear rot caused by Fusarium graminearum. Canadian Journal of Plant Pathology 4: 195209.
  • Wania A, Kuhn I, Klotz S. 2006. Plant richness patterns in agricultural and urban landscapes in central Germany - spatial gradients of species richness. Landscape and Urban Planning 75: 97110.
  • White MA, Nemani RR, Thornton PE, Running SW. 2002. Satellite evidence of phenological differences between urbanized and rural areas of the eastern United States deciduous broadleaf forest. Ecosystems 5: 260273.
  • Wilson D. 2000. Ecology of woody plant endophytes. In: BaconCW, WhiteJFJr, eds. Microbial endophytes. New York, NY, USA: Marcel Dekker Inc, 389420.
  • Wilson D, Carroll GC. 1994. Infection studies of Discula quercina, an endophyte of Quercus garyana. Mycologia 86: 635647.
  • Zhang XY, Friedl MA, Schaaf CB, Strahler AH, Schneider A. 2004. The footprint of urban climates on vegetation phenology. Geophysical Research Letters 31: L12209.
  • Zhang Z, Schwartz S, Wagner L, Miller W. 2000. A greedy algorithm for aligning DNA sequences. Journal of Computational Biology 7: 203214.