Contrasting effects of elevated CO2 and warming on nitrogen cycling in a semiarid grassland


Author for correspondence:
Feike A. Dijkstra
Tel: +1 970 492 7126


  • Simulation models indicate that the nitrogen (N) cycle plays a key role in how other ecosystem processes such as plant productivity and carbon (C) sequestration respond to elevated CO2 and warming. However, combined effects of elevated CO2 and warming on N cycling have rarely been tested in the field.
  • Here, we studied N cycling under ambient and elevated CO2 concentrations (600 μmol mol−1), and ambient and elevated temperature (1.5 : 3.0°C warmer day:night) in a full factorial semiarid grassland field experiment in Wyoming, USA. We measured soil inorganic N, plant and microbial N pool sizes and NO3 uptake (using a 15N tracer).
  • Soil inorganic N significantly decreased under elevated CO2, probably because of increased microbial N immobilization, while soil inorganic N and plant N pool sizes significantly increased with warming, probably because of increased N supply. We observed no CO× warming interaction effects on soil inorganic N, N pool sizes or NO3 uptake in plants and microbes.
  • Our results indicate a more closed N cycle under elevated CO2 and a more open N cycle with warming, which could affect long-term N retention, plant productivity, and C sequestration in this semiarid grassland.