Determination of the silicon concentration in plant material using Tiron extraction
Article first published online: 17 AUG 2010
© The Authors (2010). Journal compilation © New Phytologist Trust (2010)
Volume 188, Issue 3, pages 902–906, November 2010
How to Cite
Guntzer, F., Keller, C. and Meunier, J. D. (2010), Determination of the silicon concentration in plant material using Tiron extraction. New Phytologist, 188: 902–906. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03416.x
- Issue published online: 19 OCT 2010
- Article first published online: 17 AUG 2010
- Received: 6 May 2010Accepted: 30 June 2010
- chemical extraction;
- •The quantification of silicon (Si) in plants generally requires a digestion procedure before the determination of the dissolved Si concentration by spectrometric analysis. Recent procedures produce rapid and accurate measurements, but are based on either hazardous chemicals or sophisticated instrumentation.
- •Here, we describe a simpler procedure using Tiron. Tiron [4,5-dihydroxy-1,3-benzene-disulfonic acid disodium salt, (HO)2C6H2(SO3Na)2] is currently used as a selective extractant for amorphous silica in soils. Because Si in the shoots is mostly composed of amorphous opaline silica particles (i.e. phytoliths), we tested the Tiron extraction procedure for plants.
- •Our results are critically discussed in relation to two other standard procedures: electrothermal vaporization determination and high-temperature lithium-metaborate digestion.
- •We demonstrate that Tiron extraction is an alternative method which allows the rapid, safe and accurate quantification of Si in shoots of various plants covering a wide range of Si concentrations.