SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ackerly D. 2004. Functional strategies of chaparral shrubs in relation to seasonal water deficit and disturbance. Ecological Monographs 74: 2544.
  • Ackerly DD. 2003. Community assembly, niche conservatism, and adaptive evolution in changing environments. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164: S165S184.
  • Alvarez-Clare S, Kitajima K. 2007. Physical defence traits enhance seedling survival of neotropical tree species. Functional Ecology 21: 10441054.
  • Augspurger CK, Kelly CK. 1984. Pathogen mortality of tropical tree seedlings – experimental studies of the effects of dispersal distance, seedling density, and light conditions. Oecologia 61: 211217.
  • Baraloto C, Paine CET, Patino S, Bonal D, Herault B, Chave J. 2009. Functional trait variation and sampling strategies in species-rich plant communities. Functional Ecology 24: 208216.
  • Blomberg SP, Garland T, Ives AR. 2003. Testing for phylogenetic signal in comparative data: behavioral traits are more labile. Evolution 57: 717745.
  • Bucci SJ, Goldstein G, Meinzer FC, Scholz FG, Franco AC, Bustamante M. 2004. Functional convergence in hydraulic architecture and water relations of tropical savanna trees: from leaf to whole plant. Tree Physiology 24: 891899.
  • Chao K-J, Phillips OL, Gloor E, Monteagudo A, Torres-Lezama A, Vasquez Martinez R. 2008. Growth and wood density predict tree mortality in amazon forests. Journal of Ecology 96: 281292.
  • Chave J, Coomes D, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Swenson NG, Zanne AE. 2009. Towards a worldwide wood economics spectrum. Ecology Letters 12: 351366.
  • Chave J, Muller-Landau HC, Baker TR, Easdale TA, Ter Steege H, Webb CO. 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16: 23562367.
  • Clark DA, Clark DB. 2001. Getting to the canopy: tree height growth in a neotropical rain forest. Ecology 82: 14601472.
  • Clark JS. 2005. Why environmental scientists are becoming Bayesians. Ecology Letters 8: 214.
  • Condit R. 1998. Tropical forest census plots. Berlin, Germany: Springer-Verlag.
  • Condit R, Ashton P, Bunyavejchewin S, Dattaraja HS, Davies S, Esufali S, Ewango C, Foster R, Gunatilleke I, Gunatilleke CVS et al. 2006. The importance of demographic niches to tree diversity. Science 313: 98101.
  • Condit R, Hubbell SP, Foster RB. 1995. Mortality rates of 205 neotropical tree and shrub species and the impact of a severe drought. Ecological Monographs 65: 419439.
  • Cornelissen JHC, Lavorel S, Garnier E, Diaz S, Buchmann N, Gurvich DE, Reich PB, ter Steege H, Morgan HD, van der Heijden MGA et al. 2003. A handbook of protocols for standardised and easy measurement of plant functional traits worldwide. Australian Journal of Botany 51: 335380.
  • Donoghue MJ. 2008. A phylogenetic perspective on the distribution of plant diversity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 105: 1154911555.
  • Enquist BJ, West GB, Charnov EL, Brown JH. 1999. Allometric scaling of production and life-history variation in vascular plants. Nature (London) 401: 907911.
  • Falster DS, Westoby M. 2005. Alternative height strategies among 45 dicot rain forest species from tropical Queensland, Australia. Journal of Ecology 93: 521535.
  • Felsenstein J. 1985. Phylogenies and the comparative method. American Naturalist 125: 115.
  • Garland T, Harvey PH, Ives AR. 1992. Procedures for the analysis of comparative data using phylogenetically independent contrasts. Systematic Biology 41: 1832.
  • Gelman A, Hill J. 2007. Data analysis using regression and multilevel/hierarchical models. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Gelman A, Pardoe I. 2006. Bayesian measures of explained variance and pooling in multilevel (hierarchical) models. Technometrics 48: 241251.
  • Hacke UG, Sperry JS, Pockman WT, Davis SD, McCulloch KA. 2001. Trends in wood density and structure are linked to prevention of xylem implosion by negative pressure. Oecologia 126: 457461.
  • Jacobsen AL, Ewers FW, Pratt RB, Paddock WA, Davis SD. 2005. Do xylem fibers affect vessel cavitation resistance? Plant Physiology 139: 546556.
  • King DA, Davies SJ, Supardi MNN, Tan S. 2005. Tree growth is related to light interception and wood density in two mixed dipterocarp forests of Malaysia. Functional Ecology 19: 445453.
  • King DA, Davies SJ, Tan S, Noor NSM. 2006. The role of wood density and stem support costs in the growth and mortality of tropical trees. Journal of Ecology 94: 670680.
  • Kraft NJB, Valencia R, Ackerly D. 2008. Functional traits and niche-based tree community assembly in an amazonian forest. Science 322: 580582.
  • Lewis SL, Phillips OL, Baker TR, Lloyd J, Malhi Y, Almeida S, Higuchi N, Laurance WF, Neill DA, Silva JNM et al. 2004. Concerted changes in tropical forest structure and dynamics: evidence from 50 South American long-term plots. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B Biological Sciences 359: 421436.
  • Lord J, Westoby M, Leishman M. 1995. Seed size and phylogeny in six temperate floras – constraints, niche conservatism, and adaptation. American Naturalist 146: 349364.
  • LososE, LeighEG, eds. 2004. Tropical forest diversity and dynamism. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press.
  • McGill BJ, Enquist BJ, Weiher E, Westoby M. 2006. Rebuilding community ecology from functional traits. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21: 178185.
  • McNair JB. 1932. The interrelation between substances in plants: essential oils and resins, cyanogen and oxalate. American Journal of Botany 19: 255272.
  • Metz MR, Comita LS, Chen YY, Norden N, Condit R, Hubbell SP, Sun IF, Noor N, Wright SJ. 2008. Temporal and spatial variability in seedling dynamics: a cross-site comparison in four lowland tropical forests. Journal of Tropical Ecology 24: 918.
  • Muller-Landau HC. 2004. Interspecific and inter-site variation in wood specific gravity of tropical trees. Biotropica 36: 2032.
  • Nascimento HEM, Laurance WF, Condit R, Laurance SG, D’Angelo S, Andrade AC. 2005. Demographic and life-history correlates for amazonian trees. Journal of Vegetation Science 16: 625634.
  • Niklas K. 1992. Plant biomechanics. Chicago, IL ,USA: University of Chicago Press.
  • O’Grady AP, Cook PG, Eamus D, Duguid A, Wischusen JDH, Fass T, Worldege D 2009. Convergence of tree water use within an arid-zone woodland. Oecologia online first publication, DOI 10.1007/s00442-009-1332-y.
  • Poorter L. 2008. The relationships of wood-, gas- and water fractions of tree stems to performance and life history variation in tropical trees. Annals of Botany 102: 367375.
  • Poorter L, Wright SJ, Paz H, Ackerly DD, Condit R, Ibarra-Manriquez G, Harms KE, Licona JC, Martinez-Ramos M, Mazer SJ et al. 2008. Are functional traits good predictors of demographic rates? Evidence from five neotropical forests Ecology 89: 19081920.
  • Preston KA, Cornwell WK, DeNoyer JL. 2006. Wood density and vessel traits as distinct correlates of ecological strategy in 51 California coast range angiosperms. New Phytologist 170: 807818.
  • Prinzing A, Durka W, Klotz S, Brandl R. 2001. The niche of higher plants: evidence for phylogenetic conservatism. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 268: 23832389.
  • R Development Core Team. 2008. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
  • Regnault-Roger C. 1997. The potential of botanical essential oils for insect pest control. Integrated Pest Management Reviews 2: 2534.
  • Sheil D, May RM. 1996. Mortality and recruitment rate evaluations in heterogeneous tropical forests. Journal of Ecology 84: 91100.
  • Smith N, Mori SA, Henderson A, Stevenson DW, Heald SV. 2004. Flowering plants of the neotropics. Princeton, NJ, USA: Princeton University Press.
  • ter Steege H, Hammond DS. 2001. Character convergence, diversity, and disturbance in tropical rain forest in Guyana. Ecology 82: 31973212.
  • Sukumar R, Suresh HS, Dattaraja HS, John R, Joshi NV. 2004. Mudumalai forest dynamics plot, India. In: LososE, LeighEG, eds. Tropical forest diversity and dynamism. Chicago, IL, USA: University of Chicago Press, 551563.
  • Sukumar R, Suresh HS, Dattaraja HS, Joshi NV. 1998. Dynamics of a tropical decidious forest: population changes (1988 through 1993) in a 50-ha plot at Mudmalai, Southern India. In: DallmeierF, ComiskeyJA, eds. Forest biodiversity research, monitoring and modeling: conceptual background and old world case studies. Pearl River, NY, USA: Parthenon Publishing Group, 495506.
  • Swenson NG, Enquist BJ. 2007. Ecological and evolutionary determinants of a key plant functional trait: wood density and its community-wide variation across latitude and elevation. American Journal of Botany 94: 451459.
  • Violle C, Navas M-L, Vile D, Kazakou E, Fortunel C, Hummel I, Garnier E. 2007. Let the concept of trait be functional! Oikos 116: 882892.
  • Webb CO, Ackerly DD, Kembel SW. 2008. Phylocom: software for the analysis of phylogenetic community structure and trait evolution. Bioinformatics 24: 20982100.
  • Webb CO, Donoghue MJ. 2005. Phylomatic: tree assembly for applied phylogenetics. Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 181183.
  • Westoby M. 1998. A leaf-height-seed (lhs) plant ecology strategy scheme. Plant and Soil 199: 213227.
  • Westoby M, Falster DS, Moles AT, Vesk PA, Wright IJ. 2002. Plant ecological strategies: some leading dimensions of variation between species. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33: 125159.
  • Westoby M, Wright IJ. 2006. Land-plant ecology on the basis of functional traits. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 21: 261268.
  • Williamson GB, Wiemann MC. 2010. Measuring wood specific gravity... Correctly. American Journal of Botany 97: 519524.
  • Wright IJ, Ackerly DD, Bongers F, Harms KE, Ibarra-Manriquez G, Martinez-Ramos M, Mazer SJ, Muller-Landau HC, Paz H, Pitman NCA et al. 2007. Relationships among ecologically important dimensions of plant trait variation in seven neotropical forests. Annals of Botany 99: 10031015.
  • Wright IJ, Reich PB, Westoby M, Ackerly DD, Baruch Z, Bongers F, Cavender-Bares J, Chapin T, Cornelissen JHC, Diemer M et al. 2004. The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature 428: 821827.
  • Wright SJ, Kitajima K, Kraft N, Reich P, Wright I, Bunker D, Condit R, Dalling J, Davies S, Diaz S et al. In press. Functional traits and the growth-mortality tradeoff in tropical trees. Ecology. doi: 10.1890/09-2335.1.
  • Zanne AE, Lopez-Gonzales G, Coomes DA, David A, Ilic J, Jansen S, Lewis SL, Miller RB, Swenson NG, Wiemann MC, Chave J. 2009. Global wood density database. Dryad. URL http://hdl.handle.net/10255/dryad.235.
  • Zanne AE, Westoby M, Falster DS, Ackerly DD, Loarie SR, Arnold SEJ, Coomes DA. 2010. Angiosperm wood structure: global patterns in vessel anatomy and their relation to wood density and potential conductivity. American Journal of Botany 97: 207215.