Jasmonate modulates endocytosis and plasma membrane accumulation of the Arabidopsis PIN2 protein
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- •The subcellular distribution of the PIN-FORMED (PIN) family of auxin transporters plays a critical role in auxin gradient-mediated developmental processes, including lateral root formation and gravitropic growth.
- •Here, we report two distinct aspects of CORONATINE INSENSITIVE 1 (COI1)- and AUXIN RESISTANT 1 (AXR1)-dependent methyl jasmonate (MeJA) effects on PIN2 subcellular distribution: at lower concentration (5 μM), MeJA inhibits PIN2 endocytosis, whereas, at higher concentration (50 μM), MeJA reduces PIN2 accumulation in the plasma membrane.
- •We show that mutations of ASA1 (ANTHRANILATE SYNTHASE a1) and the TIR1/AFBs (TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE 1/AUXIN-SIGNALING F-BOX PROTEINs) auxin receptor genes impair the inhibitory effect of 5 μM MeJA on PIN2 endocytosis, suggesting that a lower concentration of jasmonate inhibits PIN2 endocytosis through interaction with the auxin pathway. In contrast, mutations of ASA1 and the TIR1/AFBs auxin receptor genes enhance, rather than impair, the reduction effect of 50 μM MeJA on the plasma membrane accumulation of PIN2, suggesting that this action of jasmonate is independent of the auxin pathway. In addition to the MeJA effects on PIN2 endocytosis and plasma membrane residence, we also show that MeJA alters lateral auxin redistribution on gravi-stimulation, and therefore impairs the root gravitropic response.
- •Our results highlight the importance of jasmonate–auxin interaction in the coordination of plant growth and the adaptation response.