Safety and streamlining of woody shoots in wind: an empirical study across 39 species in tropical Australia
Article first published online: 14 OCT 2011
© 2011 The Authors. New Phytologist © 2011 New Phytologist Trust
Volume 193, Issue 1, pages 137–149, January 2012
How to Cite
Butler, D. W., Gleason, S. M., Davidson, I., Onoda, Y. and Westoby, M. (2012), Safety and streamlining of woody shoots in wind: an empirical study across 39 species in tropical Australia. New Phytologist, 193: 137–149. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2011.03887.x
- Issue published online: 2 DEC 2011
- Article first published online: 14 OCT 2011
- Received: 27 April 2011, Accepted: 12 August 2011
Fig. S1 Site locations and wind-speed histograms for weather stations across the study region.
Fig. S2 Biplot of principal components analysis.
Fig. S3 Projected frontal area for shoots at rest vs 11 m s−1 and 22 m s−1.
Fig. S4 Length of bending moment arms for shoots at rest vs 11 m s−1 and 22 m s−1.
Fig. S5 Diagrams showing (a) scaling of stress against stem diameter for average bending moment, and (b) affect of streamlining efficacy (v) on changes in drag with increasing wind speed.
Table S1 Species sampled in each site, grouped by mature canopy position and ordered by estimated abundance
Table S2 Variance and loadings of variables on first four principal components
Table S3 Species traits
Notes S1 Background theory for tissue material properties and relative resistance to bending and breaking in woody shoots.
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