Fig. S1 Dose-response curves of the relative response of leaf mass fraction (LMF) to 12 environmental factors.

Fig. S2 Allometric relationships between leaf mass, stem mass and root mass for herbaceous and woody species.

Table S1 Literature for the compilation of environmental effects on biomass allocation

Table S2 Literature for the database on allometric relationships

Table S3 Literature for the compilation on ontogenetic trends in allocation

Table S4 Literature for the compilation on interspecific variation in the leaf mass fraction (LMF)

Table S5 Literature for the compilation on allocation under density-dependent competition

Table S6 Literature for the compilation on allocation in the field

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